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V. dipteral and pseudodipteral, octa-style, of the Ionic order. To save space, the one wde of the cut represents half of the dipteral tem­ple, the other side half of the pseudodipteral.




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VI. hyfaethral, DECASTYLE, of the Corin-thian, order.

The Dipteros may be considered as a Peripteros, increased in size and magnificence by the addition of another row of pillars along each side ; the Pseudodipteros as a Peripteros with the side co­lumns moved outwards over the space of one column and intercolumniation,so as to allow of eight columns in front. Vitruvius, who describes the latter first, assigns its invention to the architect Hermogenes. From the expense of such edifices, there were na­turally very few examples of them. The far-famed temple of Artemis at Ephesus, and that of Quirinus at Rome, were dipteral. That of Artemis at Mag­nesia, built by Hermogenes, was pseudodipteral.

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«, the statue of the god ; b 6, entrances to the cella from the opisthodomus.; <J, apartnients for the keeper of the temple.

Every decastyle.temple was also hypaethral, but there were also octastyle and even hexastyle hy­paethral temples.

A question lias lately been raised whether there ever were any hypaethral temples. The two sides of the question will be found discussed in the fol­lowing works : Ross, Kerne Hypathraltempel meltr, in his Hellenika, pt. i. pp. 1—39, Halle, 1846, 4to., and Botticher, Der Hypathraltempel^ mtf Grund des Vitruvischen Zeugnisses., gegen Prof. /). L. Ross, cnviesen, Potsdam, 1847, 4to.

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