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V. dipteral and pseudodipteral, octa-style, of the Ionic order. To save space, the one wde of the cut represents half of the dipteral temple, the other side half of the pseudodipteral.
VI. hyfaethral, DECASTYLE, of the Corin-thian, order.
The Dipteros may be considered as a Peripteros, increased in size and magnificence by the addition of another row of pillars along each side ; the Pseudodipteros as a Peripteros with the side columns moved outwards over the space of one column and intercolumniation,so as to allow of eight columns in front. Vitruvius, who describes the latter first, assigns its invention to the architect Hermogenes. From the expense of such edifices, there were naturally very few examples of them. The far-famed temple of Artemis at Ephesus, and that of Quirinus at Rome, were dipteral. That of Artemis at Magnesia, built by Hermogenes, was pseudodipteral.
«, the statue of the god ; b 6, entrances to the cella from the opisthodomus.; <J, apartnients for the keeper of the temple.
Every decastyle.temple was also hypaethral, but there were also octastyle and even hexastyle hypaethral temples.
A question lias lately been raised whether there ever were any hypaethral temples. The two sides of the question will be found discussed in the following works : Ross, Kerne Hypathraltempel meltr, in his Hellenika, pt. i. pp. 1—39, Halle, 1846, 4to., and Botticher, Der Hypathraltempel^ mtf Grund des Vitruvischen Zeugnisses., gegen Prof. /). L. Ross, cnviesen, Potsdam, 1847, 4to.