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TEMPLUM. 111. amfhiprostyle, tktrastyle,
IV. peripteral, hexastyle, of the Doric order.
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Vitruvius (iii. 1) says that " the AmpMproslylos has every part which the Prostylos has, and moreover it has columns and a pediment in the posticum after the same manner." This posticum (the Greek opisthodomus) appears to have been of two kinds ; either a mere portico attached to the back wall of the ^ or a larger space, as shown in the figure.
The above plan is that of a Roman Peripteros: to represent the Grecian Peripteros two columns should be added to each side, and the length thus gained thrown into the opisthodomus. In this form there were two columns between the antae terminating the projecting walls ; and the three inter-columniatiohs thus formed were fenced with marble railings (plutei, Vitruv. iv. 4), with gates in them giving access to the prodo-mus, as shown by the lines in the figure.
This species of temple was not only more splendid than the former, but also more fully adapted for the performance of grand religious ceremonies, as the continuous portico all round it would give shelter and passage to a large number of people. Accordingly we find that several of the most celebrated Greek temples are of this form ; such as that of Zeus Nemeus between Argos and Corinth, of Concord at Agrigentum, of Theseus at Athens, which has no pillars between the antae of the posticum,