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On this page: Nad Machia

NAU-MACHTA.

NAVIS.

EIREMIS.

K. Mains, Iffr6s. L. Velum, terras. M. Antenna, /cepata, N. Cornua, aKpoicepaia 0. Ceruchi, P. Carchesium, Q. icd\oi, K. trp6rovos. S. Pedes, Tr^Sey. T. Opifera, virepai.

A. Prora, irp&pa.

B. Oculus, o(f)0a\{j.us.

C. Rostrum, e/x§oAoy.

D. Cheniscus, xy

E. Puppis, Tcpd^vvi.

F. Aplustre, &(f>\acrrov, with the pole containing

scza or taenia. G. rpd<j>ir)}-. H. Remi, /ccoirat. I. Gubernaculum,

war (waves turritae), and fought upon them in the game manner as if they were standing upon the walls of a fortress. Some of such naves turritae occur in the woodcuts given above. (Flor. /. c.; Plut. '4»fo». 33 ; Dion Cass.xxxii. 33 ; Plin. H. N. xxxii. 1 ; comp. Caes. de Bell. Gall. iii. 14 ; Dion Cass. xxxix. 43 ; Veget. de Re Milit. v. 14, &c,)

For a more detailed account of the ships and navigation of the ancients, see Scheffer, De Militia Navali, Upsala, 1654 ; Berghaus, Gcschiclite, der Sckifffalirtskunde der vornehmsten Votfcer des Al- tertliums ; Benedict, GescJi. der Schifffalirt und des Handels der Alien ; Ho well, On the War-(/alleys of the Ancients; A. Jal, Archeologie Navale, Paris, 1840 ; and for the Attic navy especially, Bockh's Urkunden uber das Seeivesen des Atischen Slaates, Berlin, 1840 ; K. Haltaus, Gescldchte Roms im Zeitalter der PuniscJien Kriege, Leipzig, 1846, p.607,&c.) [L,S.J

NAD MACHIA, was the name given to the re* presentation of a sea-fight among the Romans, and also to the place where such engagements took place. These fights were sometimes exhibited in the Circus or Amphitheatre, sufficient water being introduced to float ships, but more generally in buildings especially devoted to this purpose. The first representation of a sea-fight on an extensive scale was exhibited by Julius Caesar, who caused a lake to be dug for the purpose in a part of the Campus Martius, called by Suetonius the " Lesser Codeta " (Dion Cass. xliii. 23 ; Suet. Jul. Caes. 39) ; this lake was afterwards filled up in the time of Augustus on account of the malaria arising from the stagnant water in it. (Dion Cass. xlv. 17.) Augustus also dug a lake (stagnum) near the Tiber for the same purpose, and planted around it a grove of trees (nemus). (Suet. Aug. 43 ; Tacit. Ann. xii, 56, xiv. 15.) This naumachia was the first per-

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