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ing plate which covered the back. (Paus. x. 26. 2 ; Horn. II. xv. 530.) Both of these pieces were adapted to the form of the body, as may be per-
ceived in the representation of them in the woodcuts at pages 135, 196. The two figures here introduced are designed to show the usual dif-
ference of form and appearance between the antique Greek thorax and that worn by the Roman emperors and generals. The right-hand figure is from one of Mr. Hope's fictile vases (Costumes of t/te Ancients, \. 102), and bears a very strong resemblance to a Greek warrior painted on one of Sir W. Hamilton's (i. 4). The figure on the left hand is taken from a marble statue of Caligula found at Gabii. (Visconti, Mon. Gab. No. 38.) The gorgon's head over the breast, and the two griffins underneath it, illustrate the style of ornament which was common in the same circumstances. (Mart vii. 1. 1—4.) [aegis.] The execution of these ornaments in relief was more esp cially the work of the Corinthians. (Cic. Verr. iv. 44.)
The two plates were united on the right side of the body by two hinges, as seen in the equestrian statue of the younger Balbus at Naples, and in various portions of bronze cuirasses still in existence. On the other side, and sometimes on both sides, they were fastened by means of buckles (irep6va.i, Paus. /. c.). [FiBULA.] In Roman statues we often observe a band surrounding the waist and tied before. The breast plate and the back-plate were further connected together by leathern straps passing over the shoulders^ and fastened in front by means of buttons or of ribands tied in a bow. In the last woodcut both of the connecting ribands in the right-hand figure are tied to a ring over the navel. The breast-plate of Caligula has a ring over each breast, designed to fulfil the same purpose.
Bands of metal often supplied the place of the leathern straps, or else covered them so as to become very ornamental, being terminated by a lion's head, or some other suitable figure appearing on
each side of the breast. The most beautiful specimens of enriched bronze shoulder-bands now in existence are those which were found a. d. 1820, near the river Siris in S. Italy, and which are preserved in the Briti.-h Museum. They were originally gilt, and represent in very salient relief two Grecian heroes combating two Amazons. They are seven inches in length, arid belong to the description of bronzes called epya <T(pvpr]\aTa, having been beaten into form with wonderful skill by the hammer. Brondsted (Bronzes of Siris, London, 1836) has illustrated the purpose which they served, by showing them in connection with a portion of another lorica, which lay upon the shoulders behind the neck. This fragment was found in Greece. Its hinges are sufficiently preserved to show most distinctly the manner in which the shoulder-bands were fastened to them (see woodcut).
" Around the lower edge of the cuirass," observes Brondsted, " were attached straps, four or five inches long, of leather, or perhaps of felt, and