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, LEX SILIA.
ex en more popular than those of Gracchus. Ihe legislation about the Roman Public Land requires a history in itself.
de c^pite civium, proposed by C. Gracchus B. c. 123, enacted that the caput or condition of a Roman citizen could not be affected without a trial and vote of the people. (Cic. pro Rabir. c. 4; and Cicero's disingenuous exposition, In Cat. iv. 5). Plutarch (C. Gracchus, 4) appears to allude to this Lex ; but if he does, he has mistaken its purport.
judiciaria proposed by C. Gracchus, had for its object to deprive the senate of the power which they derived from supplying the Judices in Judicia Publica from their body (Pint. C. Gracchus, 5). Plutarch's account of this Lex is probably incorrect. Compare Appian (Bell. Civ. i. 22) ; and Ju-dex, p. 649, b.
de provinciis consularibus proposed by C. Gracchus, b.c. 123, enacted, that in every year, before the Comitia for electing the consuls, the senate should determine the two provinces whicli the consuls should have ; and the consuls were to settle between themselves by lot, or otherwise, which province each should have. (Salhist, Jug.
c. 27, and the note of Cortius ; Cic. da Prov. Cons. r o \
\j» LJ% J
There may have been other measure's proposed and carried by C. Gracchus ; but it is not easy to distinguish between all that was proposed and carried, and what was simply proposed. The Lives of Tiberius and C. Gracchus by Plutarch, translated with notes by G. Long, give some information on the legislation of the Gracchi, which should be compared with Appian. (Bell. Civ. i. 10, &c.)
SKMPRONIA DE FENORE, b.c. 193, was a Plebiscitum proposed by a tribune M. Sem-pronius (Liv. xxxv. 7), which enacted that the law (jus) about money lent (pecunia creditd) should be the same for the Socii and Latini (Socii ac Nomen Latinuni) as for Roman citizens. The object of the Lex was to prevent Romans from lending money in the name of the Socii who were not bound by the Fencbres Leges. The Lex could obviously only apply within the jurisdiction of Rome.
SERVILIA. AGRA'RIA, proposed by the tribune P. Servilius Rullus in the consulship of Cicero, b. c. 63, was a very extensive Agraria Ro-gatio. It was successfully opposed by Cicero (In Rullum); but it was in substance carried by Julius Caesar b. c. 59 [julia lex agraria], and is the Lex called by Cicero Lex Campana (ad Ait. ii. 18), from the public land called Ager Campanus being assigned under this Lex.
SERVILIA GLAUCIA DE REPETUN-DIS. [repetundae.]
SERVILIA JUDICIARIA, proposed by the consul Q. Servilius Caepio, b.c. 106. See the article judex, p. 649, b, and the various passages in Cicero (Brut. 43, 44, 63, 86). It is assumed by some writers that a Lex of the tribune Servilius Glaucia repealed the Servilia Judiciaria two years after its enactment. (Cic. Brut. 62 ; Orellii Onomasticon.}
SILIA, a plebiscitum proposed by P. and M.
SILVANl ET CARBO'NIS. [papiria plautia.]
SULPICIAE, proposed by the tribune P. Sulpicius Rufus, a supporter of Marius, b. c. 88, enacted the recal of the exiles, the distribution of the new citizens and the libertini among the thirty-five tribes, that the command in the Mithridatie war should be taken from Sulla and given to Marius, and that a Senator should not contract debt to the amount of more than 2000 denarii. (Plut. Sull. 8.) The last enactment may have been intended to expel persons from the senate who should get in debt. All these Leges were repealed by Sulla. (App. Bell. Civ. i. 55, 59 \ Liv. Epit. 77 ; Veil. Pat. ii. 18.)
SULPICIA SEMPRONIA, b. c. 304. No name is given to this Lex by Livy (ix. 46), but it-was probably proposed by the consuls. It prevented the dedicatio of a templum or altar without the consent of the senate or a majority of the tribunes. (Compare Gaius, ii. 5—7.)
TERENTILIA, proposed by the tribune C. Terentilius, b. c. 462, but not carried, was a ro-gatio which had for its object an amendment of the constitution, though in form it only attempted a limitation of the Impermm Consulare. (Liv. iii. 9, 10, 31 ; Dionys. Rom. Antiq. x. 1, &c.) This rogatio probably led to the subsequent legislation of the Decemviri.
THORIA. This Agraria Lex is the subject of a very elaborate essay by Rudorff, " Das Ackergesetz des Spurius Thorius, Zeitschrift, vol. x."
This Lex was engraved on the back part of the same bronze tablet which contained the Servilia Lex which applied to the Judicia de Repetundis. The tablet was broken at some unknown time, and the lower which was perhaps the larger part is now lost. Seven fragments of the upper part were preserved, which as the tablet is written on both sides, make fourteen inscriptions, whicli were published by Fulvius Ursinus : the first five of the inscriptions, as they are numbered by him, belong to the Lex Thoria, and the seven last to the Lex Servilia. The largest and most important of the fragments are now in the Museo Borbonico. Their history is traced and their present condition described by Rudorff with great minuteness. Two of the fragments were copied by Sigonius when they were in the Museum of Cardinal Bembo ; and the copy of the two fragments of the Lex Thoria, and also the copy of the two fragments of the Lex Servilia, are printed in the work of Sigonius, De Antiquo Jure Populi Romani Libri Un-decim, Bononiae, 1574.
The title of this Lex does not appear from the mutilated inscription, but Rudorff shows that the Lex belongs to the period between the consulship of P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica and L. Calpurnius Piso Bestia, b. c. Ill, and that of L. Julius Caesar, b, c. 90, within which space of twenty-two years