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•LEX JUNTA VELLEIA.
de publicanis (Cic. ad Attic, ii. 16,j)ro Cn. Plancio, e. 14, ed. Wunder; Appian, Sell. Civ. ii. 13.)
de residuis. [peculatus.]
de sacerdotiis. (Cic. Ep. ad Brutum, i. 5.)
de sacrilegis. [peculatus.]
theatralis (Sueton. Aug. 40 ; Plin. xxxiii. 2), which permitted Roman equites, in case they or their parents had ever had a census equestris, to sit in the fourteen rows (quatuordedm ordines) fixed by the Lex Roscia Theatralis, b. c. 67.
julia et titia (Inst. 1. tit. 20) empowered the praeses of a province to appoint a tutor for women and pupilli who had none. (Ulp. Frag. xi. 18.) A Lex Atilia of earlier but uncertain date had given the same power at Rome to the praetor urbanus and the majority of the tribuni plebis ; and the new lex was passed in order to extend the same advantages to the provinces. There are some reasons for supposing that there were two leges, a Julia and a Titia ; and among those reasons, is the circumstance that it is not usual to unite by the word et the two names which belong to one lex, though this is done by Cicero (Brut. c. 16, Pro Balbo, c. 21) in speaking of the Lex Licinia and Mucia.
de vi publica et privata. [Vis.]
JUNIA DE PEREGRFNIS proposed b. c. 126 by M. Junius Pennus a tribune, banished peregrini from the city.
A lex of C. Fannius, consul B. c. 122, contained the same provisions respecting the Latini and Italici, for we must assume that there was a Lex (Pint. C. Gracchus^ 12): and a lex of C. Papius, perhaps b. c. 65, contained the same respecting all persons who were not domiciled in Italy. (Cic. De Of. iii. 11, Brut. 26, 28, de Leg. Agr. i. 4 ; Festus, s. v. Respullicas; Meyer, Or at. Rom. Fragm. p. 229, 2nd ed.)
JUNIA LICFNIA. [licinia junia.]
JUNIA NORBANA of uncertain date, but probably about A. d. 19, enacted that when a-Roman citizen had manumitted a slave without the requisite formalities, the manumission should not in all cases be ineffectual, but the manumitted person should have the status of a Latinus. (Gaius, i. 16, 17, 22, &c., iii. 56 ; Ulp. Frag', i. xx. 8, xxii. 3.) [latinitas ; libertus ; manumissio.]
A special clause in the Lex took away from these Latini Juniani, as they were called, the capacity of making a testament, taking under a testament, and being appointed tutores by a testament. Yet they had the other parts of the testa-men ti factio (Ulp. Frag. xx. 8). The condition of the Latini Juniani is the subject of an essay by C. A. vonVangerow, Marburg, 1833 ; see also the remarks of Puchta, Inst. ii. § 213, on the date of the Lex Junia ; and also §§ 217, 218.
de llbertinorum suffraghs. [clodia ; manumissio.]
JUNIA REPETUNDARUM. [rep.etun-
JUNIA VELLEIA, allowed a child who
was in the womb, and who, when born, would be the testator's suns heres, to be instituted heres, even if he should be born in the lifetime of the testator. It also so far modified the old law, that a person who by the death of a heres insti-tutus after the testator had made his will, became a heres quasi agnascendo, did not break the will, if he was instituted heres. (Gaius, ii. 134 ; Ulp. Frag. xxii. 19, ed. Bbcking.)
Sometimes the lex proposed by Volero for electing plebeian magistrates at the Comitia Tributa is cited as a Lex Laetoria. (Liv. ii. 56, 57.)
LICFNIA DE LUDIS APOLLINA'RIBUS (Liv. xxvii. 23).
LICINIA DE SACERDOTIIS (Cic. Lael. 25).
LICINIA DE SODALITIIS. [ambitus.]
LICINIA JUNIA, or, as it is sometimes called, Junia et Licinia, passed in the consulship of L. Licinius Murena and Junius Silanus, B. c. 62, enforced the Caecilia Diclia, in connection with which it is sometimes mentioned. (Cic. pro Sestio, 64, Phil. y. 3, ad Ait. ii. 9, iv. 16, in Vatin. 14.)
LICINIA MUCIA DE CIVIBUS RE-GUNDIS (probably redigundis), passed in the consulship of L. Licinus Crassus the orator, and Q. Mucius Scaevola Pontifex Maximus, b. c. 95, which enacted a strict examination as to the title to citizenship, and deprived of the exercise of civic rights all those who could not make out a good title to them. This measure partly led to the Marsic war. (Cic. de Of. iii. 11, Brut. 16, pro Ball. 21, 24, pro Sesl. 13 ; Ascon. in Cornel. p. 67.)
LICFNIA SUMTUARIA. [sumtuariak leges.]
LICFNIA. In the year b. c. 375 C. Licinius Stolo and L. Sextius being elected two of the Tribuni Plebis, promulgated various Rogationes, the object of which was to weaken the power of the Patricians and for the benefit of the Plebs. One Rogatio related to the debts, with which the Plebs was incumbered (Liv. vi. 34): and it provided that all the money which had been paid as interest should be deducted from the principal sum, and the remainder should be paid in three years by equal payments. The Second related to the Ager Publicus, and enacted that no person should occupy (possideref) more than 500 jugera. The Third was to the effect that no more Tribuni militum should be elected, but that consuls should be elected and one of them should be a Plebeian. The Patricians prevented these Rogationes from being carried by inducing the other tribunes to oppose their intercessio. C. Licinius Stolo and L. Sextius retaliated in the same way, and would not allow any comitia to be held except those for the election of Aediles and Tribuni Plebis. They were also re-elected Tribuni Plebis, and they persevered for five years in preventing the election of any Curule Magistratus.
In the year 368, the two tribunes were still elected, for the eighth time, and they felt their power increasing with the diminution of the opposition of their colleagues, and by having the aid of one of the Tribuni Militum, M. Fabius, the father-in-law of C. Licinius Stolo. After violent agitation, a new Rogation was. promulgated to ths
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