The Ancient Library
 

Scanned text contains errors.

255

CASTRA.

CASTKA.

(Fig. 7.)

t i

DDD

If the striga was equal in length to three cen- I only, or a space 360 feet long by 60 feet "broad turies, then the cohort would occupy one striga | =21,600 square feet. See fig. (8.)

(Fig. 8.)

[

nn

n

TL

It is to "be observed that in the plan of the camp given above, the legionary cohorts on the longer sides are in strigae of 240 feet in length, those on the shorter sides in strigae of 360 feet in length/

When the number of legions in an army was greater in proportion to the supplementa than in the array which we have reviewed, then in order that they might still be ranged outside of the Via Sagularis, the strigae presented their breadth to the vallum instead of their length, or to use the technical phrase, the length which in the former case had been assigned to the Signa, was now given to the Tabulinum (Qtiodsi legiones plures ac-ceperimus et suppleinenta pandora ui necessarium sit cohortes circa vallum crebrius ponere convertemus pedaturam^ quod fuerat signis tabulino d&-bimus).

If A B be the line of the vallum, C will repre­sent the position of the cohort in the one case, 1) in the other.

C

Josephus, in his account of the Jewish war, takes special notice of the Roman encampments, andj although he does not enter into minute details, his observations, with which we shall conclude this article, form a useful supplement to Hyginus. It is evident from the numerous artizans for whom workshops are provided, from the towers with which the vallum was strengthened, and from the precaution of setting fire to every thing left behind, that the words of the historian refer chiefly to Castra Stativa. He begins by remarking (B. J. iii. 5) that the ttomans when invading an enemy's country never hazard an engagement until they have fortified a camp (ou Trplv cwnroj/Tai jucfcx1?5 ?) Teixtaw oTparo'TreSoj/), which, in form, is a square (8iajueTp€?rcu 8e TrapejugoA.^ T€Tpaya>j/os), with four gates, one on each side. The rampart by which it is surrounded exhibits the appearance of a wall furnished witn towers at equal distances, and in the spaces between the towers is placed the artillery ready for immediate service (rovs re Kal Karaire\raS) Kal \i6o§6\a, Kal Tray opyavov TiQiaGiv^ airavTa, irpbs r&s /SoAas The camp is divided conveniently by streets, in the middle are the tents of the officers, and in the very centre of all the praetorium (rb o there is also a forum (ayopd ris aT and a place for artificers (x€tPor*Xvals of whom a great number follow the army with, building tools, and seats for the tribunes and cen­turions (&wKol re Xoxayois Kal Ta£idpxoi$\ where they decide any disputes which may arise. When, necessary (« Se eireiyoi) a ditch is dug all round, four cubits deep and four cubits broad.

At day dawn (vnb 8e rfyv e'cw) all the soldiers repair to the tents of their respective centurions (eVl robs e/ca-rwrapxas) and salute them: the centurions repair to the tribunes (npbs rovs x*' \idpxovs), along with whom all the centuriona

Pages
About | First | English Index | Classified Index | Latin Index | Greek Index

254

255

256
letter/word  
page #  
Search this site
Google


ancientlibrary.com
WWW
All non-public domain material, including introductions, markup, and OCR © 2005 Tim Spalding.
Ancient Library was developed and hosted by Tim Spalding of Isidore-of-Seville.com.