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On this page: Apoleipsis – Apollonia – Apophbades Heme – Apophorfta – Aporrheta – Apostasiou Dike

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APOPHORA.

place. According to the author of the declama­ tion on the subject ('ATro/c^puTTOjttews), which has generally been attributed to Lucian, substantial reasons were required to insure the ratification of such extraordinaiy severity. Those suggested in the treatise referred to are, deficiency in filial attention, riotous living, and profligacy generally. A subsequent act of pardon might annul this solemn rejection; but if it were not so avoided, the son was denied by his father while alive, and disinherited afterwards. It does not, however, appear that his privileges as to his tribe or the state underwent any alteration. The court of the archon must have been that in which causes of this kind were brought forward, and the rejection would be completed and declared by the voice of the herald (diroKJipv^ai). It is probable that an adoptive father also might resort to this remedy against the ingratitude of a son. (Meier, Alt. Process, p. 432, &c.) [J. S. M.]

APOLEIPSIS (aTroAe^s). [DivoRTiuM.J APOLLINA'RES LUDI. [LuDi.]

APOLLONIA ('ATi-oAAawa) is the name of a propitiatory festival solemnized at Sicyon, in honour of Apollo and Artemis, of which Pausaiiias (ii. 7. §7) gives the following account: — Apollo and Artemis, after the destruction of the Python, had wished to be purified at Sicyon (Aeyialea} ; but being driven away by a phantom (whence in after- times a certain spot in the town was called $>6§os), they proceeded to Carmanos in Crete. Upon this the inhabitants of Sicyon were attacked by a pesti­ lence, and the seers ordered them to appease the deities. Seven boys and the same number of girls \vere ordered to go to the river Sythas, and bathe in its waters ; then to carry the statues of the two deities into the temple of Peitho, and from thence back to that of Apollo. Similar rites, says Pausa- nias, still continue to be observed ; for at the fes­ tival of Apollo, the boys go to the river Sythas, and carry the two deities into the temple of Peitho, and thence back to that of Apollo.

Although festivals under the name of Apollonia, in honour of Apollo, are mentioned in no other place, still it is not improbable that they existed un­der the same name in other towns of Greece. [L. S.J APOPEMPSIS (aTroVe^vJ/is). [DivoRTiUM.] APOPHANSIS, or APOPHASIS (airfyav-tfis or a.Tro'c^cuns), was the proclamation of the de­cision which the majority of the judges came to at the end of a trial, and was thus also used to signify the day'on which the trial took place. (Dem. c. Euerget. p. 1153 ; Lex Rhetor, p. 210.) The word was also employed to indicate the account of a person's property, which was obliged to be given when an antidosis was demanded. [antidosis.] APO'PHORA (ctTTo^opa), which properly means " produce or profit" of any kind, was used at Athens to signify the profit which accrued to mas­ters from their slaves. It thus signified the sum which slaves paid to their masters when they la­boured on their own account, and the sum which masters received when they let out their slaves on hire either for the mines or any other kind of .labour, and also the money which was paid by the state for the use of the slaves who served in the fleet. (Dem. c. Aphob. i. p. 819, c. Nicostr. p. 1253 ; Andoc. De Mi/ster. p. 19 ; Xen. Rep. Ath. 1.11; Bockh, Pull. Econ. of 'Athens, p. 72, 2nd ed.) The term apophora was ako applied to the money which was paid by the allied states to Sparta, for

APOSTOLEIS.

the purpose of carrying on the war against the Persians. When Athens acquired the supremacy, these moneys were called <popoi. (Bockh, Ibid. p.'396.)

APOPHORFTA (cwro^pr/Ta), presents which were given to friends at the end of an entertain­ment, to take, home with them. These presents were usually given on festival days, especially during the Saturnalia. Martial gives the title of Apophoreta to the fourteenth book of his Epigrams, which contains a number of epigrams on the things usually given away as apop/ioreta. (Suet. Vesp. 19 ; Cat. 55 ; Octav. 75.)

APOPHBADES HEME.RAI (airofpdfes •fytie'pcu), unlucky or unfortunate days (dies nefasti\ on which no public business, nor any important affairs of any kind, were transacted at Athens. Such were the last three days but one of every month, and the twenty-fifth day of the month Thargelion, on which the Plynteria were cele­brated. (Etym. Mag. p. 131 ; Plut. Alcib. 34 ; Lucian, Pseudolog. 13 ; Schomann, De Comitiis, p. 50.)

APORRHETA (avro^Ta), literally "things forbidden,'1' has two peculiar, but widely different, acceptations in the Attic dialect. In one of these it implies contraband goods, an enumeration of which at the different periods of Athenian history, is given by Bockh (Publ. Econ. of Athens, p. 53, 2nd ed.) ; in the other, it denotes certain contu­melious epithets, from the application of which both the living and the dead were protected by special laws. (Meier, Att. Process, p. 482.) Among these, ay8r-:;0<£oj>os, irarpaXoias, and jLLTjrpa-\oias are certainly to be reckoned ; and other words, as pfyaa"jris, though not forbidden noini-natim by the law, seem to have been equally actionable. The penalty for using these words was a fine of 500 drachmae (Isoc. in Loch. p. 396), recoverable in an action for abusive language (Kaicyyopias'). It is surmised that this fine was in­curred by Meidias in two actions on the occasion mentioned by Demosthenes (in Mid. pp. 540, 543 ; see also Hudtwalcker,Z>e Diaetet. p. 150). [J.S.M.]

APOSTASIOU DIKE (forocrraoV si'ktj). This is the only private suit which came, as far as we know, .under the exclusive jurisdiction of the polemarch. (Aristot. De Ath. Rep. quoted by Harpocrat.) It could be brought against none but a freedman (cbreAe/^epos), and the only pro­secutor permitted to appear was the citizen to whom he had been indebted for his liberty, unless this privilege was transmitted to the sons of such

former master. The tenor of the accusation was, that there had been a default in duty to the pro­secutor ; but what attentions might be claimed from the freedman, we are not informed. It is said, however, that the greatest delict of this kind was the selection of a patron (irpoorrdTys) other than the former master. If convicted, the defend­ant was publicly sold ; but if acquitted, the un-prosperous connection ceased for ever, and the freedman was at liberty to select any citizen for his patron. The patron could also summarily punish the above-mentioned delinquencies of hig freedman by private incarceration without any legal award. (Petit. Ley. Attic, p. 261.) [J. S.M.'] APOSTOLEIS (a7ro<rToAe?s), ten public officers at Athens, whose duty it was to see that the ships were properly equipped and provided by those who were bound to discharge the trierarchy.

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