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On this page: Aplustre – Apocleti – Apodectae – Apokeruxis


tiated offered to the goddess a piece of money, and received in return a measure of salt and a phallus. In the mysteries themselves, they received instruc­ tions ev ry T€-)(yr) fj.oL-^iK'y. A second or new Paphos had been built, according to tradition, after the Trojan war, by the Arcadian Agapenor ; and, according to Strabo (xiv. p. 683), men and women from other towns of the island assembled at New Paphos, and went in solemn procession to Old Paphos, a distance of sixty stadia ; and the name of the priest of Aphrodite, ayfiTap (Hesych. s. v.\ seems to have originated in his heading this pro­ cession. Aphrodite was worshipped in most towns of Cyprus, and in other parts of Greece, such as Cythera, Sparta, Thebes, Elis, &c. ; and though no Aphrodisia are mentioned in these places, we have no reason to doubt their existence ; we find them expressly mentioned at Corinth and Athens, where they were chiefly celebrated by the numerous prostitutes. (Athen. xiii. pp. 574, 579, xiv. p. 659.) Another great festival of Aphrodite and Adonis in Sestus is mentioned by Musaeus. (Hero and Leand.42.) [L.S.]

APLUSTRE. [navis.]

APOCLETI (d7ro/cA7?Tof). [aetolicum foe-bus, p. 27. b.j.

is literally " a

APODECTAE (aTi-oSe/crcw), the Receivers, were public officers at Athens, who were introduced by Cleisthenes in the place of the aneient colacretae (/aoAa/c/oercu). They were ten in number, one for each tribe, and their duty was to receive all the ordinary taxes and distribiite them to the separate branches of the administration, which were enti­tled to them. They accordingly kept lists of persons indebted to the state, made entries of all moneys that were paid in, and erased the names of the debtors from the lists. They had the power to decide causes connected with the subjects under their management ; though if the matters in dis­pute were of importance, they were obliged to bring them for decision into the ordinary courts. (Pollux, viii. 97; Etymolog. Mag. Harpocrat. Suid. Hesych. s. v. ; Aristot. Pol. vi. 8 ; Dem. c. Timocr. pp. 750, 762 ; Aesch. c. Ctes. p. 375 ; Bockh, Pull. Econ. of Athens, p. 159, 2nd ed.)


list, or register ; " but in the language of the Attic courts, the terms airoypa^eij/ and airoypdtfjecrOai had three separate applications: — 1. 'Airoypcup'fi was used in reference to an accusation in public matters, more particularly when there were several defendants ; the denunciation, the bill of indict­ment, and enumeration of the accused,, would in this case be termed apograpliz, and differ but little, if at all, from the ordinary yraphe. (Andoc. de Mytf. 13 ; Antiph. de Clioreut. 783.) 2. It im­plied the making of a solemn protest or assertion before a magistrate, to the intent that it might be preserved by him, till it was required to be given in evidence. (Dem. in Phaen. 1040.) 3. It was a specification of property, said to belong to the state, but actually in the possession of a private person ; which specification was made, with a view to the confiscation of such property to the state. (Lys. de Aristopli. Bonis.)

The last case only requires a more extended illustration. There would be two occasions upon which it would occur ; 'first, when a person held public property without purchase, as an intruder ; and secondly, when the substance of an individual was liable to confiscation in consequence of a judi-



cial award, as in the case of a declared state debtor. If no opposition were offered, the apo-graphs would attain its object, tinder the care of the magistrate to whose office it was brought; otherwise, a public action arose, which is also de­signated by the same title.

In a cause of the first kind, which is said in some cases to have also borne the name TtoQev e%6i to, xp^ara Kal ir6(ra ravra efry, the claimant against the state had merely to prove his title to the property ; and with this we must class the case of a person that impugned the apographe, whereby the substance of another was, or was pro­posed to be, confiscated, on the ground that he had a loan by way of mortgage or other recognised security upon a portion of it; or that the part in question did not in any way belong to the state debtor, or person so mulcted. This kind of oppo­sition to the. apographe, is illustrated in the speech of Demosthenes against Nicostratus, in which we learn that Apollodorus had instituted an apographe against Arethusius, for non-payment of a penalty incurred in a former action. Upon this, Nico­stratus attacks the description of the property, and maintains that three slaves were wrongly set down in it as belonging to Arethusius, for they were in fact his own.

In the second case, the defence could of course only proceed wpon the alleged illegality of the former penalty ; and of this we have an instance in the speech of Lysias, for the soldier. There Polyaenug had been condemned by the generals to pay a fine for a breach of discipline ; and, as he did not pay it within the appointed time, an apographe. to the amount of the fine was directed against him, which he opposes, on the ground that the fine was illegal. The apographe, might be instituted by an Athenian citizen ; but if there were no private prosecutor, it became the duty of the demarchi to proceed with it officially. Sometimes, however, extraordinary commissioners, as the (TvAAoyets and (tfTrirai, were appointed for the purpose. The suits instituted against the apographe belonged to the jurisdiction of the Eleven, and for a while to that of the Syndics (Tlp'bs rots ffvvfi'iKois diro- ypa(pas ajroypdtpw, Lycurg. quoted by Harpo- cration..)< The further conduct of these causes would, of!' course, in a great measure depend upon the claimant being, or not being, in possession of the proscribed property. In the first case the diroypdfycw, in the second the claimant, would appear in the character of a plaintiff. In a case like that of Nicostratus above cited, the claimant would be obliged to deposit a certain sum, which, he forfeited if he lost his cause (Tra/xmaraSoA^) ; in all, he would probably be obliged to pay the costs or court fees (jrpvrave'ta) upon the same con­ tingency. . .

A private citizen, wlio prosecuted an indivi­ dual by means of a,iroypa(p^.forfeited a thousand drachmae, if he failed to obtain the votes of one- fifth of the dicasts, and, reimbursed the defendant his prytaneia upon acquittal. In the former case, too, he would probably incur a modified atimia, i.e. a restriction from bringing such actions for the future. [J. S. M.]

APOKERUXIS (a,TroK-f)pv£is)9 implies the method by which a father could at Athens dissolve the legal connection between himself and his son ; but as it is not mentioned by any of the orators or the older writers, it could rarely have taken

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