The Ancient Library

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On this page: Amussium – Anadema – Anadikia – Anaglypha – Anaglypta – Anagnostae – Anagoges Dike – Anagogia – Anakeia – Anakeimena – Anakleteria – Anaklypteria – Anakrisis


describes it as a plane surface, covered with red ochre, which was placed on work, in order to test its smoothness, which it of course did by leaving the mark of the red ochre on any pro­ jections. {Amussis est tabula rubricate quae de- mittitur examinandi operis gratia, an rectum opus surged^ Sisenna, ap. Charts, ii. p. 178, Putsch). There was also a difference of opinion among the grammarians, whether the amussis was only an instrument for trying a level, or a tool for actually making one (Festus, s. v. Eosainussim). The amus­ sis was made sometimes of iron (Fest. ibid.), and sometimes of marble (Vitruv. I. c.). It gives rise to the adverbs amussim^ adamussim, and examus- sim, meaning with perfect regularity and exact­ ness. (See Forcellini, Lexicon.) [P. S.]

AMUSSIUM. [amussis.]

ANADEMA. [mitra.]

ANADIKIA (avatiiKla). [apellatio.]

ANAGLYPHA or ANAGLYPTA (fo&- yXvtya, az/ayAi/Trra), chased or embossed vessels made of bronze or of the precious metals, which derived their name from the work on them being in relief, and not engraved. (Plin. PI. N. xxxiii. 11. s. 49 ; Virg. Aen. v. 267 ; Martial, iv. 39 ; caelatura ; toreutice.) The name was also applied to sculptured gems. [P. S.]

ANAGLYPTA. [anaglypha.]

ANAGNOSTAE, also called Lectores, were slaves, who were employed by the educated Romans in reading to them during meals or at other times. (Cic. ad Att. i. 12; Corn. Nep. Att. 14 ; Plin. Ep. i. 15, iii. 5, ix. 36.)

ANAGOGES DIKE (dmycoyrjs s/ktj). If an individual sold a slave who had some secret disease—such, for instance, as epilepsy— without informing the purchaser of the circumstance, it was in the power of the latter to bring an action against the vendor within a certain time, which was fixed by the laws. In order to do this, he had to report (avayeiv*) to the proper authorities the nature of the disease ; whence the action was called avaywy^s Sifty. Plato supplies us with some inform­ation on this action; but it is uncertain whether his remarks apply to the action which was brought in the Athenian courts, or to an imaginary form of proceeding. (Plat. Leg. xi. p. 916 ; Hesych. s. v. avayooyf): Suid. s. v. eVcrycoyTj, eVaye<r0cu : Meier, Att. Process, p. 525.)

ANAGOGIA (cwaycoyia), a festival celebrated at Eryx, in Sicily, in honour of Aphrodite. The inhabitants of the place believed that, during this festival, the goddess went over into Africa, and that all the pigeons of the town and its neigh­bourhood likewise departed and accompanied her. (Aelian, Hist. An. iv. 2, V. H. i. 14; Athen. ix. p. 394.) Nine days afterwards, at the so-called Karayc&yia (return), one pigeon having returned and entered the temple, the rest followed. This was the signal for general rejoicing and feasting. The whole district was said at this time to smell of butter, which the inhabitants believed to be a sign that Aphrodite had returned. (Athen. ix. p. 395 ; comp. K. F. Hermann, LeJirb. d. gottes­dienst. Alterth. d. Griechen, § 68. n. 29.) [L. S.]

ANAKEIA (avdKeia) or ANAKEION (avA-/cetoj/), a festival of the Dioscuri, or "Ava/cres, as they were called, at Athens. (Hesych. vol. i. p. 325 ; Pollux, i. 37.) Athenaeus (vi. p. 235) mentions a temple of the Dioscuri called 'Avdiceiov, at Athens; he also informs us (iv. p. 137) that


the Athenians, probably on the occasion of this festival, used to prepare for these heroes in the Prytaneium a meal consisting of cheese, a barley- cake, ripe figs, olives, and garlic, in remembrance of the ancient mode of living. These heroes however, received the most distinguished honours in the Dorian and Achaean states, where it may be supposed that every town celebrated a festival in their honour, though it may not have been under the name of cb/a/ceia. Pausanias (x. 38. 3) men­ tions a festival held at Amphissa, called that of the dya/crco^ irai^cav: but adds that it was disputed whether they were the Dioscuri, the Curetes, or the Cabeiri. (K. F. Hermann,Lelirb. d. gottesdienst. Al- tertli. d. Grieclien, § 62. n. 27.) [L. S.]

ANAKEIMENA (tooucelpeva). [DoxARiA.]

ANAKLETERIA (az/a/cA^r^ta), the name of a solemnity at which a young prince was pro­ claimed king, and ascended the throne. The name was chiefly applied to the accession of the Ptolemaic kings of Egypt. (Polyb. Reliq. xviii. 38, xxviii. 10.) The prince went to Memphis, and was there adorned by the priests with the sacred diadem, and led into the temple of Phtha, where he vowed not to make any innovations either in the order of the year or of the festivals. He then


carried to some distance the yoke of Apis, in order to be reminded of the sufferings of man. Re­ joicings and sacrifices concluded the solemnity. (Diod. Fragm. lib. xxx.) [L. S.]

ANAKLYPTERIA. [matrimonium.]

ANAKRISIS (avaKpio-is), the preliminary investigation of a case by a magistrate or archon, before it was brought before the courts of justice at Athens. For the purpose of ascertaining whe­ ther the action would lie, both parties, the com­ plainant and defendant, were summoned, sepa­ rately, and if either of them did not appear with­ out a formal request to ha,ve the matter delayed (uTrwyUocria), he tacitly pleaded guilty, and accord­ ingly lost the suit. (Demosth. c. Theocr. p. 1324.) The anacrisis began by both the plaintiff and the defendant taking an oath, the former thereby at­ testing that he had instituted the prosecution with truth and conscientiousness (Trpow^uotria), and the latter, that to the best of his knowledge he was innocent (avrco/xocria). (Timaeus, Lex. Plat. p. 38, with Ruhnken's note ; Diog. Laert. ii. 40 ; Plat. Apol. Sbcr. 3.) It was further promised by both, that the subsequent prosecution and defence should be conducted with fairness and justice. (Harpocrat., Suid., Hesych. s. v. dz/TcojUotna: Pollux, viii. 122.) If the defendant did not bring forward any objection to the matter being brought before a court of justice, the proceeding was termed evQvSuda, (Demosth. c. Pliorm. p. 908, c. SiepJi. p. 1103.) Such objections might be raised in regard to the incompetency of the court to which the matter was to be referred, or in regard to the form in which the accusation was brought forward, and the like (Lys. c. Panel, p. 732 ; Pollux, viii. 57) ; they were always looked upon with suspicion (Demosth. c. Leoch. p. 1097, p. Phorm. p. 944) ; but, nevertheless, they were not unfrequently resorted to by defendants, either in the form of a SiafjLaprvpia, or that of a Trapaypa^. In the case of a dia/jLaprvpia, the plaintiff had to bring forward witnesses to show that the ob­ jections raised by the defendant were unfounded ; and if this could not be done, the defendant had a right to bring' witnesses to show that his objections

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