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On this page: Ulpius Crinftus – Ulpius Julianus – Ulpius Marcellus – Ulpius Trajanus – Ultor – Ulysses – Umbonius Sflio – Umbricius – Ummidia Quadratilla – Ummidius Quadratus – Voconius Naso – Volacinus – Volcatia – Volcatius – Volcatius Gallicanus – Volcatius Gurges – Volcatius Tertullinus – Volcatius Tullinus – Volero Publilius – Volesus – Volnius – Vologeses

VOCULA.

and interpolations from some grammarian of a very, late period. This is the opinion of Fr. A. Wolf, who remarks that there are scarcely twenty pas­sages in Demosthenes in which the writer throws light upon difficulties, which could not be equally well explained without his aid. These Commen­taries were printed for the first time along with the lexicon of Harpocration by Aldus Manutius, Venice, 1503, fol., and are likewise printed in the 10th volume of Dobsoifs edition of the Attic ora­tors, London, 1828, as well as in other editions of the Attic orators. (Comp. Wolf, In Demosthenis Leptineam, p. 210 ; Westermann, Geschichte der GriecMscfien Beredtsamkeit, § 104, note 13,)

ULPIUS CRINFTUS, a general in the reign of Valerian, claimed descent from the em­peror Trajan. He had the command of Illyricum and Thrace, where Aurelian, afterwards emperor, was his legatus. The latter distinguished himself so much that Ulpius adopted him as his son in the presence of Valerian. (Vopisc. Aurel. 10—15.) Uipius was consul suffectus along with his son-in-law Valerian in a. d. 257. [aurelianus, p. 436, b.J

ULPIUS JULIANUS, was employed to take the census under Caracalla, and was praefectus praetorio under Macrinus. He was sent to An-tioch to put down the rebellion of Elagabalus, but was slain by his own troops, A. d. 218. (Dion Cass. Ixxviii. 4, 15 ; Herodian. v. 4. § 5 ; Capitol. Macrin. 10.)

ULPIUS MARCELLUS. [marcellus.]

ULPIUS TRAJANUS. [trajanus.]

ULTOR, " the avenger," a surname of Mars, to whom Augustus built a temple at Rome in the foram, after taking vengeance upon the murderers of his great-uncle, Julius Caesar. (Sueton. Aug. 21, 29, Calig. 24 ; Ov. Fast. v. 577.) [L. S.]

ULYSSES, ULYXES, ULIXES. [odys­seus.]

UMBONIUS SFLIO. [Siuo.]

P. UMBRE'NUS, one of Catiline's crew, had formerly carried on business in Gaul as a money­lender {negotiator, see Diet, of Ant. s. v. 2d ed.), and was therefore employed by Lentulus to per­suade the ambassadors of the Allobroges to take part in the conspiracy, B. c. 63. (Sail. Cat. 40 ; Cic. Cat. iii. 6.)

UMBRICIUS,,an haruspex, predicted to Galba sacrificing shortly before his death, that a plot threatened him. (Tac. Hist. i. 27.)

UMMIDIA QUADRATILLA. [quadra-

TILLA.]

UMMIDIUS QUADRATUS. [quadra-

TUS.]

VOCONIUS NASO. [naso.] VOCO'NIUS ROMA'NUS. [romanus.] VOCO'NIUS SAXA. [saxa.] VOCO'NIUS VFTULUS. [vitulus.] VO'CULA, DI'LLIUS, legate of the 18th le­gion of the Roman army on the Rhine, at the time of the Batavian revolt (a. d. 69). On account of the firmness with which he opposed a mutiny against Hordconitis Flaccus, he was made com-mander-in-chief by the soldiers in place of that general. Not venturing to attack Civilis in the field, he fixed his camp at Gelduba, and shortly afterwards quelled another mutiny, which had broken out during his absence on an incursion against the Gugerni. [her.ennius gall us] He afterwards carried on the war with some suc-

VOL. HI,

1281

VOLSCIUS.

cess, but neglected to follow up his advantage, in all probability because, like the other commanders, he was a partisan of Vespasian, and did not wish that, by the destruction of Civilis, the legions of Germany should be set at liberty to go to the aid of Vitellius. On the other hand, the common soldiers, who were strongly attached to Vitellius, were for this xeason in a state of almost constant mutiny, and on one occasion, when Hordeonius Flaccus was killed, Vocula only escaped by flying from the camp dressed as a slave. He was soon after joined again by three legions, with which he took posses­ sion of Magontiacum. In the revolt of Treviri, under Classicus and Tutor (a. d. 70), Vocula was forsaken by his army at Novesium, and was put to death by a deserter named Aemilius Longinus, whom Classicus sent into the camp for that pur­ pose. His soldiers were marched off to Treviri, and meeting on their way with Longinus, they put him to death. (Tac. Hist. iv. 24—26, 33—37, 56— 5.9, 77.) [P. S.]

VOLACINUS, an architect, known by the inscription on a monument erected to his memory by his wife Selene. (Fabretti, Inscr. p. 176, No. 353 ; Muratori, Thes. vol. ii. p. cmlxxvi. 4 ; Sillig, Catal. Artif. Append, s. v. ; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Schorn, p. 426, 2d. ed.) [P. S.]

VOLCATIA or VULCA'TIA GENS, is not mentioned till the latter end of the republic. The first member of it who obtained the consulship was L. Volcatius Tullus in b. c. 66. tullus is the only cognomen borne by the Volcatii in the time of the republic, but under the empire we meet with other surnames, a list of which is given below.

VOLCATIUS, a Roman eques, one of the agents of Verres in oppressing the Sicilians. (Cic. Verr. ii. 9, 23, iii. 73.)

VOLCATIUS GALLICANUS. [galli-

CANUS.]

VOLCATIUS GURGES. [gurges.] VOLCATIUS MOSCHUS. [Moscnus.] VOLCATIUS SEDI'GITUS. [sedigitus.) VOLCA'TIUS TERENTIA'NUS, wrote a history of his own times. He lived under the Gordians. (Capitolin. Gordian. Jun. 21.)

VOLCATIUS TERTULLINUS. [ter-

TULLINUS.]

VOLCATIUS TULLINUS. [tullinus.]

VOLESUS. fVoLusus.]

VOLERO PUBLILIUS. j.publilius.]

VOLNIUS, not volumnius, wrote some Tus­can tragedies, and is quoted by Varro for the statement that the names of the three ancient Roman tribes, Rainnes, Titienses, and Luceres, were Etruscan. (Varr. L. L. v. 55, ed. Miiller ; Niebuhr, Hist, of Rome, vol. i. note 415.)

VOLOGESES, the name of five kin<rs of Parthia. [arsaces XXIII., XXVIL, XXVIII., XXIX XXX 1

M. VO'LSCIUS F1CTOR, who had been pre­viously tribune of the plebs, came forward in b. c. 461 to bear witness against K. Quintius, the son of L. Cincinnatus, and declared that soon after the plague he and his elder brother fell in with a party of patrician youths who came rushing through the Subura, when their leader Kaeso 'knocked down his brother, who was still feeble from the sickness he had just got over, and injured him so much that he died shortly afterwards. Dionysius makes Volscius tribune of the plebs in this year. In consequence of this testimony .Kaeso was con-

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