The Ancient Library

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fused the triumph which the senate offered him. The care which M. Fabius showed for the wounded and his reconciliation to the plebeians have been related above [No. 2]. Dionysius says that Fabius resigned his consulship two months before the ex­piration of his year, because his wounds prevented him from discharging the duties of his office. (Liv. ii. 43—47 ; Dionys. ix. 5—13 ; Frontin. Strut, i. 11. § 1 ; Val. Max. v. 5. § 2.) In the fol­lowing year, b. c. 479, M. Fabius accompanied the rest of his gens to their fatal settlement on the Cremera and perished along with them two years afterwards. Dionysius (ix. 15) represents Marcus as the leader of the Fabii in their migration from Rome, but Livy (ii. 49) undoubtedly follows the genuine legend in making the consul Kaeso head his gens on that occasion.

4. Q. fabius M. p. K. f.vibulanus, the son of No. 3, is said to have been the only one of the Fabii who survived the destruction of his gens at the Cremera, but he could not have been left be­hind at Rome on account of his youth, as the legend relates. [See above, No. 2, sub finem.] He was consul in b. c. 467 with Ti. Aemilius Ma-mercus, when he supported the patrician party against the tribunes. The latter, having the co­operation of the other consul, made a vigorous eifort to carry the agrarian law ; but Fabius effected a compromise by proposing that a colony should be founded at Antium, which had been conquered by the Romans in the preceding year. He subse­quently marched against the Aequians, who sued for peace, which was granted them ; but they soon afterwards broke it and made an inroad into the Latin territory. (Liv. iii. 1 ; Dionys. ix. 59.)

In b. c. 465 Fabius was consul a second time with T. Quintius Capitolinus Barbatus. He was appointed to carry on the war with the Aequians, which had been continued ever since his first con­sulship. The ambassadors whom he sent to the Aequians were treated with contempt, at which the Romans were so much enraged that Quintius marched out of the city with another consular army to support his colleague. According to Livy the consuls defeated the Aequians, who withdrew from Mount Algidus into their own territory ; but Dionysius says that the battle was not de­cisive, which is more in accordance with Livy's subsequent narrative, in which it is stated that the Aequians made incursions into the Roman territory for plunder, which were avenged by Fabius de­vastating the lands of the Aequians. (Liv. iii. 2, 3 ; Dionys. ix. 61.) Three years afterwards, b. c. 462, Fabius was appointed Praefectus Urbi, while the two consuls were absent from the city. The tribune C. Terentillus Arsa took advantage of the absence of the consuls to propose a rogation for appointing five commissioners, who might draw up laws to limit the power of the consuls. There­upon Fabius called together the senate and in­veighed with such vehemence against the rogation and its author, that even both the consuls could not have inspired greater fear. On the advice of his colleagues Terentillus withdrew his proposal. (Liv. iii. 9 ; Dionys. ix. 69.)

In b. c. 459 Fabius was consul a third time with L. Cornelius Maluginensis. In this year he defeated the Volscians, who had laid siege to Antium, and also the Aequians, xvho had taken Tusculum, and on account of these victories cele­brated a triumph on his return to Rome. In the


following year, b. c. 458, when the two consuls marched with their two armies against the Sa-bines and Aequians, Fabius was left behind with a third for the protection of Rome. This is the account of Dionj^sius, but Livy simply says that he was one of the three ambassadors sent in that year to Cloelius Gracchus, the leader of the Aequians. (Liv. iii. 22—25 ; Dionys. x. 20—22.)

In b. c. 450 Fabius was elected a member of the second decemvirate, and along with his col-leagues continued illegally in power in the fol­lowing year. Ap. Claudius and Fabius were the two leading members of the second decemvirate, and Fabius supported his colleague in all his tvran nical acts. When the war with the Aequians and Sabines broke out Fabius was appointed to the command with two colleagues, while Appius re­mained in the city. Fabius must have ordered the murder of L. Siccius [Siccius], who was serving in the army against the Sabines, but his name is not mentioned in connection with this foul deed. This probably arose from Livy and Dio­nysius having the Annals of Fabius Pictor before them, in which the virtues of the Fabii were ex­tolled and their faults omitted. After the abolition of the decemvirate and the death of Ap. Claudius and Oppius, Fabius shared the fate of his remaining colleagues ; he went into exile and his property was confiscated. (Liv. iii. 35, 41, 58 ; Dionys. x. 58, xi. 23, 46.)

Q. Fabius is said to have married the daughter of Numerius Otacilius of Maleventum on account of her wealth, with the condition that his first child should receive the praenomen of its maternal grand­father ; and it is stated that it was in this way that Numerius became a praenomen in a patrician gens, which it had not been before. (Festus, s. v. Nu­merius, pp. 170,173, ed. Miiller.) We find how­ever that the elder of his two sons bore the prae­nomen Marcus, and the younger that of Numerius [Nos. 5 and 6] ; but it has been conjectured that the elder may have been a son by a former mar­riage.

5. M. fabius Q. f. M. n. vibulanus, eldest son of No. 4, was consul b. c. 442 with Postumus Aebutius Elva Cornicen, in which year a colony was founded at Ardea. In b. c. 437 he served as legatus of the dictator Mam. Aemilius Mamercinus in the war against the Veientes and Fidenates. In b. c. 433 he was one of the consular tribunes ; and in b. c. 431 he served as legatus of the dictator A. Postumius Tubertus in the great war against the Aequians and Volscians. He lived till the capture of Rome by the Gauls, b. c. 390, where he is spoken of as pontifex maximus, and is said to have re­hearsed the solemn formula, which was repeated after him by the aged senators who had resolved to await the entrance of the Gauls into the cit3r, and who accordingly dedicated themselves to death. (Liv. iv. 11 ; Diod. xii. 34 ; Liv. iv. 17, 19, 25 ; Diod. xii. 58 ; Liv. iv. 27,28, v. 41.)

6. N. fabius Q. f. M. n. vibulanus, second son of No. 4, was consul b. c. 421 with T. Quintius Capitolinus Barbatus. He carried on war against the Aequians, whom he put to flight without any difficulty: he was refused a triumph, but received the honour of an ovation. It was in this year that the consuls proposed that in addition to the two city quaestors, two others should be appointed to attend upon the consuls in time of war. This pro­posal gave rise to great contests, as the tribunes

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