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tolerably good terms, though probably neither of them forgot or forgave the injuries he had received from the other. Soon afterwards Vatinius went to Gaul, where we find him serving as one of Caesar's legates in b.c. 51. He accompanied his patron in the civil war, and during the campaign in Greece, b. c. 48, was sent by Caesar with proposals of peace to the Pompeian army. He was not present at the battle of Pharsalia, as he had shortly before returned to Brundusium by Caesar's orders ; and about the same time as the battle of Pharsalia, he vigorously defended Brundusium against D. Laelius, who had attacked it with part of the Pompeian fleet. In return for these services Caesar raised Vatinius to the consulship, which he held for a few days as consul suffectus at the end of December b. c. 47. At the beginning of the following year he was sent into Illyricum to oppose M. Octavius, who held that country with a considerable force for the Pompeian party. Vatinius carried on the war with success in Illyricum, was saluted as imperator by his soldiers, and obtained the honour of a supplicatio from the senate in b. c. 45. At this time some letters passed between him and Cicero, in which they wrote to one another with apparent cordiality. (Cic. ad Fam. v. 9—11.) Vatinius was still in Illyricum at the time of Caesar's death, b. c. 44, and at the beginning of the following year was compelled to surrender Dyrrhachium and his army to Brutus who had obtained possession of Macedonia, because his troops declared in favour of Brutus (Dion Cass. xlvii. 21; Liv. Epit. 118 ; Veil. Pat. ii. 69) ; though Cicero (Phil. x. 6) and Appian (B. C. iv. 75), probably with less truth, speak of it as a voluntary act on the part of Vatinius. At any rate Vatinius did not forfeit the favour of the triumvirs ; for we learn from the Capitoline Fasti that he triumphed on the last day of December, B. c. 43. This is the last time we hear cf Vatinius. (Cic. in Vatinium, passim, pro Sest. 53, 63, 65, ad Q. Fr. ii. 4, iii. 9. § 5, ad Alt. ii. 6, 7, Hirt. B.G. viii. 46, Caes. B. C. iii. 19, 100 ; Appian, Illyr. 13, B. C. iv. 75 ; Dion Cass. xlii. 55, xlvii. 21 ; Liv. Epit. 118 ; Veil. Pat. ii. 69 ; Cic. Pldl x. 5, 6.)
3. vatinius, of Beneventum, was one of the vilest aud nuost hateful creatures of Nero's court, equally deformed in body and in mind. He was originally a shoemaker's apprentice, next earned his living as one of the lowest kinds of scurrae or buffoons, and finally obtained great power and wealth by accusing the most distinguished men in the state. Dion Cassius relates a saying of his which pleased Nero exceedingly. Well knowing the emperor's detestation of the senate, he said to him on one occasion, " I hate you, Caesar, because you are a senator." (Tac. Ann. xv. 34, Dial, de Oral. 11, Hist. i. 37 ; Dion Cass. Ixiii. 15.) A certain kind of drinking-cups, having nasi or nozzles, bore the name of Vatinius, probably because he brought them into fashion. Juvenal alludes to a cup of this kind in the lines (v. 46, foil.) : —
" Tu Beneventani sutoris nomen habentem Siccabis calicem nasorum quatuor," &c.,
and Martial also in the Epigram (xiv. 96) : — " Vilia sutoris calicem monumenta Vatini Accipe ; sed nasus longior ille fait."
UCALEGON (OvKaXeyw), one of the elders
at Troy, whose house was burnt at the destruction of the city. (Horn. //. iii. 147 ; Virg. Aen. ii. 312.) [L.S.]
VECCUS, or f BECCUS, JOANNES (B€/c«x>s, Be/coy, or Be/cco*/), an ecclesiastic of some celebrity in the latter part of the thirteenth century of our era. From the office of Chartophylax in the great church of Constantinople, he was elevated to the patriarchate of that city, by Michael Palaeologus, in A. d. 1274, on account of his friendly dispositions towards the Latin Church. Veccus had at first been warmly opposed to the Latins, but his feelings towards them were changed by the perusal of the writings of Nicephorus Blemmyda. He continued patriarch of Constantinople until the death of the emperor Michael, in A. d. 1283, when the ultra-Greek party regained their ascendancy, and Veccus found it necessary to resign his episcopate. He spent the remainder of his life in suffering persecution from the now dominant party, sometimes in exile and sometimes in prison, where he died in A. d. 1298. The most virulent of his opponents and persecutors was George of Cyprus. [georgius, No. 20.]
There are numerous writings by Veccus, chiefly on the points at issue between the Greek and Latin Churches, and in defence of his own conduct ?n seeking for their reconciliation. Several of these works are published in the Graetia Orikodoxa of Leo Allatius ; others exist only in MS.
This brief notice of Veccus is thought to be sufficient for the object of this work ; for a full account of his life and writings, the reader is re ferred to the authorities now quoted. (Cave, Hist. Litt. s. a. 1276, vol. ii. pp.319, foil. ; Fa bric. Bill. Graec. vol. xi. pp. 344, foil. ; Schrcickh, Christlidie KiTchengesckichte, vol. xxix. pp. 435, foil., 446, foil., 455, foil.) [P. S.]
VECTIUS. All persons of this name are given under vettius, which appears the more correct form.
P. VE'DIUS, a great scamp, but nevertheless a friend of Pompey's. (Cic. ad Ait. vi. 1. § 25.)
VEGETIUS, FLA'VIUS RENA'TUS, designated as Vir Illustris, to which some MSS. add the title of Comes, is the author of a treatise Rei MUitaris Instituta, or Epitome Rei MUitaris ^ dedicated to the emperor Valentinian, known to be the second of that name, from an allusion contained in the body of the work (i. 20) to Gratian, and to the unfortunate contests with the Goths. The materials were derived, according to the declaration of the writer himself (i. 8) from Cato the Censor, De Disciplina military from Cornelius Celsus, from Frontinus, from Paternus, and from the imperial constitutions of Augustus, Trajan, and Hadrian. The work is divided into five books. The first treats of the levying and training of recruits, including instructions for the fortification of a camp ; the second of the different classes into which soldiers are divided, and especially of the organisation of the legion ; the third of the operations of an army in the field ; the fourth of the attack and defence of fortresses ; the fifth of marine warfare. In the earlier editions the whole of the above matter was comprehended in four books ; but Scriverius, on the authority of the best MSS., set apart as a fifth book all the chapters
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