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VALERIUS, artists. 1. Of Ostia. The architect of the covered theatre erected at Rome for the games of Libo. (Plin. H. N. xxxvi. 15. s. 24.) Pliny does not say which Libo he refers to ; but it is likely to have been L. Scribonius Libo, who in his curule aedileship, with his colleague C. Atilius Serranus, first celebrated the Megalesia as ludi scenici, b.c. 193. [LiBO, scribonius, No. 3].
3. D. valerius L. f., described as Vascula-rius, that is, a maker of bronze vases, in t\vo inscriptions found at Tusculum, of which place he Avas a native or a citizen, for in one of the inscriptions he is styled Tusculan. (Muratori, Tlies. vol. i. p. xii. 12, p. xiv. 6 ; R. Rochette, I. c.)
4. C. valerius anemestione C. lus, is the form in Avhich a Cordovan inscription gives the name of an artist in metal, Avho made the em bossed vessels called anaglypta. He is styled in the inscription Caetotor Anaglytarius, but there can be no doubt that the last Avord is an error for Anagtyptarius. (Muratori, Tlies. vol. ii. p. cmlxxxi. 9 ; R. Rochette, 1. c.) [P. S.]
VALERIUS AEDITUUS. In the ninth chapter of the nineteenth book of the Noctes At- ticae a certain rhetorician Julianus, Avhen challenged to point out anything in the Latin language worthy of being compared with the graceful effusions of Anacreon, and other bards of that class among the Greeks, quotes two short epigrams by Valerius Aedituus, Avho is simply described as " veteris poetae," one by Porcius Licmius, and one by Quintus Catulus. Upon these collectively A. Gel- lius pronounces " mundius, venustius, limatias, pres- sius, Graecumve Latinumve nihil quidquam reperiri puto." They unquestionably merit high commend ation, but are so evidently derived from some Greek source, that they could scarcely be adduced Avith fairness as specimens of the Roman lyric muse. Judging from the language and versification we may assign them to a period about b. c. 100. (Gell. xix. 9 ; Anthol. Lat. iii. 242, 243, ed. Burmann, or Nos. 27, 28, ed. Meyer.) [ W. R.]
VALERIUS ASIATICUS. 1. P. valerius asiaticus, consul suffectus under Caligula, but in what year is uncertain, and a second time consul under Claudius in A. d. 46 Avith M. Junius Silanus. Valerius Avas a friend of Caligula, but, having received a gross insult from him, rejoiced at his death. When the praetorian troops, after the assassination of the emperor, were seeking for the murderer in order to wreak their vengeance on him, Valerius stood up in a conspicuous place and exclaimed " Would that I had killed him," by which act of courage the soldiers were so astonished that they returned quietly to their quarters. Valerius was very Avealthy and this proved his ruin. The empress Messalina coveted his splendid gardens, \vhich Avere the same as Lucul-lus had originally laid out, and which Valerius had made still more magnificent. She also suspected him of being one of the paramours of the beautiful Poppaea Sabina, the mother of Nero's wife, whom she both feared and detested ; and she therefore resolved to crush Valerius and Poppaea at the same time. She employed Suillius to ac-
cuse him, and also instructed Sosibius, Avho ayes then a slave or a freedman in the palace, to caution Claudius against the poAver and Avealth of Valerius. This Avas in A. d. 47, the year following his second consulship. Valerius had in the preceding year voluntarily resigned his consulship after holding it for a short time, in order to avoid the envy of Avhich he was the subject. Suillius accused him of the part he had taken in Caligula's death, and of an intention of setting out to the German armies with a vieAV of aspiring to the empire, since he Avas born at Vienna (Vienne) in Gaul and had many connections in that part of the Roman Avorld. The weak and credulous emperor Avas easily persuaded. Valerius was apprehended at Baiae. The senate Avas not summoned, but he was brought into the emperor's chamber, where Suillius laid various crimes to his charge. Valerius defended himself with spirit, and the emperor Avould have acquitted him had it not been for Messalina, who got Vitellius, then consul for the third time, to persuade the emperor to sentence him to death. He was alloAved the choice of his death, and died by opening his veins. (Dion Cass. lix. 30 ; Joseph, xix. 1 ; Sen. de Const. Sap. 18 ; Tac. Ann. xi. 1—3, xiii. 43 ; Dion Cass. Ix. 27,29,31.)
2. P. valerius asiaticus, the legatus of the province of Gallia Belgica at the death of Nero, espoused the cause of Vitellius at the beginning of a. d. 69, and soon afterwards married the daughter of Vitellius. Qn the fall of Vitellius he hastened to make his peace with the generals of Vespasian, and as consul designatus spoke in the senate in favour of their proposals. He Avas alloAved in consequence to enjoy the consulship as suffectus in the folioAving year, a. d. 70. (Tac. Hist. i. 59, iv.
4, e.) ;
VALERIUS CATULINUS, Avas sent by Julianus to succeed Septimius Severus in the government of Illyricum, when the latter assumed the imperial title. Valerius Avas afterwards killed by Septimius. (Spartian. Julian, 5, Sever. 13.)
VALE'RIUS CONSTANTI'NUS. [CoN-
VALE RIUS CONSTANTIUS. [constan-
VALERIUS DIOCLETIANUS. [dioolb-
VALE'RIUS EUTYCHIA'NUS COMA-