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The Greek text was first published by Aldus, Venice, 1502 fol., and the Scholia were published in the following year. The first Latin translation, which was by Valla, was printed before 1500, and reprinted at Paris, 1513, fol., and frequently after that date. The first edition of the Greek text accompanied by a Latin version, was that of H. Stephens, 1564, fol.: the Latin version is that of Valla, revised by Stephens. This well printed edition contains the Scholia, the Life of Thucydides by Marcellinus, and an anonymous Life of Thucydides. The edition of I. Bekker, Berlin, 1821, 3 vols. 8vo. forms an epoch in the editions of Thucydides, and, as regards the text, renders it unnecessary to consult any which are of prior date. Among other editions are that of Poppo, Leipzig, 10 vols. 8vo., 1821—1838, of which two volumes are filled with prolegomena ; of Haack, with selections from the Greek Scholia and short notes, Leipzig, 1820, 2 vols. 8vo.; of Goller, 2 vols. 8vo., Leipzig, 1826; and of Arnold, 3 vols. 8vo., Oxford, 1830—1835.
The translations into modern languages are numerous. It was translated into French by Claude Seyssel, Paris, 1527, fol. The English version of Thomas Nicolls, London, 1550, fol. was made from the version of Seyssel. The Biographie Uni-versclle mentions an anonymous English version, published at London in 1525. The English version of Hobbes appears to be mainly founded on the Latin versions, as a comparison of it with them will show. Hobbes translated it for the political instruction which it contains. Thucydides was afterwards translated by W. Smith, 1753, whose translation is generally exact; and again by S. T. Bloomfield, London, 1829. The most recent German translation is by H. W. F. Klein, Munich, 1826, 8vo. Thucydides was translated into French by Levesque, Paris, 1795, 4 vols. 8vo.; and by Gail, 1807, &c, Gail published the Greek text of Thucydides, the Scholia, the variations of thirteen manuscripts of the Bibliotheque du Hoi, a Latin version corrected, and the French version already mentioned, with notes historical and philological. The French version of Gail has been printed separately, 4 vols. 8vo.
The authorities for the Life of Thucydides have been generally referred to, and they are all men tioned and criticised in the Untersucliungen uber das Leben dcs Thucydides^ Berlin, 1832, by K.W. Krliger. The " Annales Thucydidei et Xeno- phontei," &c. of Dodwell, Oxford, 1702, 4to., may also be consulted. The criticism of Dionysius of Halicarnassus on Thucydides has itself been much criticised : most of his censure will not receive the approbation of just criticism. [G. L.j
THUDIPPUS (QouSiTTTTos), a contemporary of Phocion, of whom Plutarch relates one or two particulars. (Phoe. cc. 35, 36.)
THUGENIDES (QouyeviSys), a comic poet of unknown age, whose name is only found in a few passages of the grammarians, in most of which it has been corrupted into Thucydides. The remains of his poetry consist of one title, At/mcrrou, one complete line, and a few words (Suid. s v. Tpiax0r)mt, and perhaps s. v. aveffiraKeis • Phot. Lex. s. vv. /*)/ vtiijuaov, rpiaxdrjvai; Pollux, vi. 38; Zqnar. Lex. s. v. Aejgrjflptoi; Antiatt. p. 114. 22; Pierson, ad Moerin, p. 334 ; Porson, ad
Eurip. Hecub. 1166 ; Meineke, Frag. Com. Grace, vol. i. p. 499, vol. iv. pp. 593, 594 ; Editio Minor, p. 1183). Fabricius has wrongly made Thuge- nides a tragic poet. (Bill. Graec. vol. ii. p. 325.) [P. S.]
TH YAS (®uas), a name of the female followers of Dionysus, is the same as frvids. (Lycoph. Cass. 143, 305 ; Ov. Fast. vi. 514 ; Catull. 64, 392 ; comp. thyia.) [L. S.]
THYESTES (©veVrijs), a son of Pelops and Hippodameia, was the brother of Atreus and the father of Aegisthus. (Horn. //. ii. 107 ; Aeschyl. Again. 1242 ; Eurip. Or. 1008 j comp. atreus; pelops ; agamemnon.) [L. S.]
THYIA (©via). 1. A daughter of Castalius or Cephisseus, became by Apollo the mother of Delphus. (Pans. x. 6. § 2 ; Herod, vii. 178.) She is said to have been the first to have sacrificed to Dionysus, and to have celebrated orgies in his honour. Hence the Attic women, who every year went to Mount Parnassus to celebrate the Diony-siac orgies with the Delphian Thyiades, received themselves the name of Thyades or Thyiades. vPaus. I.e. x. 4. § 2, 22. § 5 ; comp. 29. § 2 j Lobeck, Aglaoph. p. 285.)
THYILLUS. [satyrus, literary, No. 4.]
THYMBRAEUS (0i//*fya?as). 1. A surname of Apollo, derived from a place in Troas called Thymbra, where he had a temple in which Achilles was wounded, or from a neighbouring hill of the same name. (Strab. xiii. p. 598 ; Steph. Byz. s. v. &v/j.€pa ; Eurip. Rhes. 224 ; Serv. ad Aen. iii. 85 ; Horn. IL x. 430.)
2. A Trojan who was slain by Diomedes. (Horn. 11. xi. 320.) [L.S.]
THYMOCHARES or THYMO'CHARIS (®u/xo%ap77?, ®u/^%apis), an Athenian, was placed in command of the squadron which was sent in haste to Euboea to oppose the Peloponnesian fleet under Hegesandridas, the appearance of which off the coast had excited so much alarm at Athens. Thymochares was defeated near Eretria, and the whole of Euboea, except Oreus, revolted to the enemy, b. c. 411. (Thuc. viii. 95.) [hegesan dridas.] Later in the same year, soon after Hegesandridas had sailed from Euboea to act in concert with Mindarus in the north, Thymochares was sent from Athens in the same direction with a few ships. A battle ensued between the squadron of Hegesandridas and the portion of the Athenian navy to which Thymochares had brought rein forcements, and the Peloponnesians proved vic torious. (Xen. Hell i. 1. § 1.) [E. E.]
THYMOCLES (&v^ok\tjs), the author of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology, which is