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On this page: the Ages – Theagenes – Theano – Thearidas – Thearides

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THEANO.

who had a spite against him, scourged by way of revenge, till one night it fell upon, and killed him; upon which the statue was thrown into the sea, but was very fortunately fished up again by some fishermen, for barrenness had come upon the coun­try, and the Delphic oracle had declared that it would not be removed till they restored Theagenes. Pausanias mentions having seen many statues of Theagenes among both the Greeks and the Barba­rians, (vi. 11. § 9.)

3. General of the Theban forces at the battle of Chaeroneia (b.c. 338). Deinarchus (in Dem. § 75) brands him as a traitor, but according to Plutarch (Alex. 12), he fell in the battle.

4. An Athenian, a contemporary of the phi­ losopher Marinus. He was distinguished for his liberality and his enormous wealth, which he em­ ployed in helping needy persons and restoring decayed towns. The philosophers and literary men of his day found in him a munificent, though rather imperious patron. (Suid. s. v. ®eay. \ Damasc. ap. Phot. p. 346, a. ed. Bekker.) [C. P. M.j

THEAGENES (®ea7eVr?s), literary. 1. A na­tive of Rhegium, who was contemporary with Cambyses. (Tatianus, adv. Grace, p. 105 ; Euseb. Praep. Evang. x. 11.) He was one of the earliest writers on Homer and his works (7. c.; Suid. s. v. 0ecry. ; Fabr. Bibl. Gr. i. pp. 525, 321).

2. An historical writer, of uncertain date. Ste-phanus of Byzantium frequently quotes from a work of his, entitled Ma/ceSoviKc? (s. v. 'AA.ros, Ba\\a, &c), as also from another entitled KapiKa (s. v. KcuTTaAia). It is, perhaps, this same Thea­genes, who wrote a work on Aegina, quoted by Tzetzes (ad Lycoph. 176; Schol. Pind. Nem. iii. 21 ; Clinton, Fasti Hellen. vol. ii. p. 369, note 1).

3. A Greek grammarian, a native of Cnidus, who was one of the instructors of Herodes Atticus in criticism. (Philost. Vit. Sopli. 13, p. 243, ed. Kayser.) [C. P. M.]

THE AGES (®edyi)s). 1. A Pythagorean phi­losopher, the author of a work on virtue (Tlepl aperrjs), from which Stobaeus (Serm. i. 67—69) has preserved some extracts. Fabricius (vol. i. p. 876) identifies him with the Theages men­tioned by lamblichus (Pyth. Vit. 257). There is no evidence to decide the question.

2. The son of Demodocus, is introduced by Plato in the dialogue Theages which takes its name from him. [C. P. M.]

THEANO (0ea»>c6). 1. One of the Danaides. (Apollod. ii. 1. § 5.)

2. A daughter of Cisseus, the wife of Antenor, and priestess of Athena at Ilion. (Horn. II. v. 70, vi. 298, xi. 224 ; Diet. Cret. v. 8.) She was painted by Polygnotus in the Lesche of Delphi. (Paus. x. 27.)

3. The wife of Metapontus, king of Icaria. (Hygin, Fab. 186 ; comp. aeolus.) [L. S.]

THEANO (®€av<a). 1. The most celebrated of the female philosophers of the Pythagorean school, appears to have been the wife of Pythagoras, and the mother by him of Telauges, Mnesarchus, Myia, and Arignote ; but the accounts respecting her were various. Some made her a daughter of Pythonax of Crete, others of Brontinus of Croton, while, according to others, she was the wife of Brontinus, and the disciple of Pythagoras. Her traditional fame for wisdom and virtue was of the highest order, and some interesting sayings are uscribed to her by Diogenes Laertius, and by

THEARIDES.

Clemens Alexandrinus (Strom. iv. p. 522). Dio­genes also informs us that she left some writings, but he does not mention their titles.* Suidas ascribes to her vTro^j/^ara <pi\6ao(pa not cbro-fpdeyfiara koi Trot7jfj.d n SY cttcoj/. Several inter­esting letters are still extant under her name; and, though it is now universally admitted that they cannot be genuine, they are valuable remains of a period of considerable antiquity. They were first edited in the Aldine collection of Greek Epistles, Venet. 1499, 4to.; then in the similar collection or Cujacius, Aurel. Allob. 1606, fol.; then in Gale's Opuscula Mythologies pp. 84, foil. Cantab. 1671, Amst. 1688 ; then, far more accurately in Wolfs Mulierum Graecarum Fragment^ pp. 162, foil. 1739, 4to.; and lastly in lo. Conrad Orelli's Socratis et Socraticorum, Pyttiagorae et Pythagore-orum, quae feruntur Epistolae, pp. 55, foil. Lips. 1811), 8vo. ; the Greek text is also printed with Wieland's admirable translation of the letters, Leipz. 1791, 8vo. Wieland's translation is re­printed at the end of Orelli's work. (Diog. Lae'rt. viii. 42, foil.; Suid. s. v.; Fabric. Bibl. Grace, vol.i. pp. 687, 884; Orelli, ut sup. cit. p. 307.)

Suidas mentions another Theano, of Metapontum or Thurium, also a Pythagorean, the wife of Ca-r}'stus or Croton or Brontinus ; who wrote works on Pythagoras, on Virtue addressed to Hippodamus of Thurium, Trapaivecreis yvvaiKeias., and aTro<j)9ey(jLaTa TIvOayope'Kav. It is pretty clear, however, that this is only another account, somewhat more con­fused, of the celebrated Theano. (Comp. Fabric, vol. i. p. 885.)

3. A Locrian lyric poetess of this name is men­ tioned by Suidas (s. v.) and Eustathins (ad IL ii. p. 327. 10). Ulrici supposes that she lived in the fifth century (Gesch. d. Hellen. Dichikunst^ vol. ii. p. 473). [P. S.]

THEARIDAS (0ea^5as). 1. A citizen of Me­galopolis, who was taken prisoner by Cleomenes, when he surprised that city in b. c. 224. He united with Lysandridas, another of the captives, in persuading the conqueror to offer favourable terms to their fellow-citizens who had escaped to Messene, to which Cleomenes had the magnanimity to consent: but the Megalopolitans refused his overtures, and repulsed Lysandridas and Thearidas with indignation as traitors to their country. (Pint Cleom. 24.)

2. An Achaean who was sent by his country­ men as ambassador to Rome in b.c. 159. (Polyb. xxxii. 17.) In b.c. 147, he was again placed at the head of an embassy which was designed to excuse the insult offered to the Roman legate An- relius Orestes, but having on his way to Italy met with the Roman deputy Sex. Julius Caesar, who was appointed to investigate the subject, he was compelled to return with him to Achaia. (Id. xxxviii. 2.) [E. H. B.J

THEARIDES (©eapffiijy), a Syracusan, son of Hermocrates and brother of Dionysius the elder, tyrant of Syracuse. He is first mentioned in b. c. 390, when he was appointed by Dionysius to succeed his brother Leptines in the command of the fleet. The next year he commanded an expedition to the L^paraean islands, where he captured ten ships belonging to the Rhegians. Again in b. c. 388 he was chosen by his brother to conduct the magnificent procession which Dio­ nysius sent to the Olympic festival. (Diod. xiv 102, 103, 109.) [E. II. B.]

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