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shoots of plants, and was also invoked in the po litical oath Avhich the citizens of Athens had to take. (Paus. ix. 35. § 1 ; Pollux, Onom. viii. 106.) [L. S.]
THALLUS (0aAA($s), of Miletus, an epigram matic poet, five of whose epigrams are preserved in the Greek Anthology. Of these the first is in honour of the birthday of a Roman emperor, or one of the imperial family (Kcu<ra/>), on which account Bovinus supposes the poet to be the same person who is mentioned in an extant inscription as a freedman of Germanicus (Mem. de VAcad. des Inscr. vol. iii. p. 361). The name is given in various forms in the titles to the epigrams ; the first is inscribed simply ©aAAov, the second and fourth &a\ov MiA??<riov, the fifth ©aAAoD MiA^iou, and the third ©u^Aaoy, which is perhaps a cor ruption of ©(//'AAou. The form ©aAou may be explained by considering ©aAAos and @a.A.7Js as mere variations of the same word, as in many similar double forms ; or perhaps it may have arisen from a confusion between the poet and the celebrated philosopher, Thales of Miletus ; but there is no ground whatever for supposing that the two epigrams are to be ascribed to the philosopher. The name ©aAAos occurs in Athenian inscriptions. (Pape, Worterbuch d. Griecli. Eigennamen; Brunck, Anal. vol. ii. p. 164 ; Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. ii. p. 150, vol. xiii. p. 956 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. iv. p. 496.) [P. S.]
THALLUS, P. CORNE'LIUS, son of an architect of the same name, is designated mag. quinq. i. e. Magister Quinquennalis, on a Latin mscription. Hence the father, and perhaps the son too, must be added to the lists of ancient artists. (Gruter, p. xcix. 9 ; Bracci, Memor. de1 Incisor, vol. ii. p. 265; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Schorn, p. 415, 2d ed.) [P. S.]
THALNA or TALNA*, JUVE'NTIUS. 1. T. juventius thalna, praetor b.c. 194. He is, perhaps, the same as the T. Juventius who was sent, with two other commissioners, in b, c. 172, to purchase corn in Apulia and Calabria, for the use of the army and fleet in the war against Perseus. (Liv. xxxiv. 42, 43, xlii. 27.)
3. M'. juventius L. p. T. n. thalna, son of No. 2, was tribune of the plebs b. c. 170, when, in conjunction with his colleague Cn. Aufidius, he accused the praetor C. Lucretius, on account of his tyrannical and oppressive conduct in Greece. He was praetor in b.c. 167, and obtained the juris-dictio inter peregrinos ; and in this year he proposed to the people, without previously consulting the senate, that war should be declared against the Rhodians, in hopes of obtaining the command himself. His proposition was vehemently opposed by the tribunes M. Antonius and M. Pomponius. He was consul in b. c. 163, with Ti. Sempronius Gracchus, and carried on war against the Corsicans, whom he subdued. The senate in consequence voted him the honour of a thanksgiving ; and he was so overcome with joy at the intelligence, which he received as he was offering a sacrifice, that he dropt down dead on the spot. (Liv. xliii. 8, xlv. 16, 21 ; Fasti CapitoL ; Obseq. 73; Titulus Te-
* Thalna, which occurs in the Capitoline Fasti, is the correct form.
rent, fleautont.; Val. Max. ix. 12. § 3 ; Plin. H.N". vii. 53.)'
4. (juventius) thalna, one of the judices at the trial of Clodius, in b. c. 61, was bribed by the latter. (Cic. ad Att. i. 16. § 6.)
THALPIUS (©aATnos), a son of Eurytus, and one of the leaders of the Epeians in the Trojan war. (Horn. //. ii. 620 ; Paus. v. 3. § 4.) [L. S.]
THAMYRIS (®dfJLvpis), an ancient Thracian bard, was a son of Philammon and the nymph Argiope. He went so far in his conceit as to think that he could surpass the Muses in song; in consequence of which he was deprived of his sight and of the power of singing. (Horn. 77. ii. 595, &c.; Apollod. i. 3. § 3 ; Paus. iv. 33. § 4, x. 7. § 2; Eurip. Rlies. 925.) He was represented with a broken lyre in his hand. (Paus. ix. 30. § 2.) [L. S.]
THAMYRUS or THA'MYRAS (®d/nvpo^ Qa/xupas), artists. 1. A gem-engraver, two of whose works are extant, one of which is a fine cameo, in the antique style, representing an infant seated, a subject which, from the numerous repetitions of it on ancient gems, is thought by R. Rochette to be copied from some celebrated work of art. (Stosch, pi. Ixix. ; Bracci, vol. ii. pi. cxiii. ; Caylus, Recueil, pi. xlv. n. 2 ; Eckhel, Pierr. grav. de Vienne, pi. xxx.; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Scliorn, p. 156.)
2. L. Maelius, L. L., designated Vascularius, that is, a maker of vases, on an extant Latin inscription. (Gruter, p. dcxliii.; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Schorn, p. 415, 2d ed.)
A discussion has been raised respecting the true form of this name. Kohler (Einleitung^ p. 13) blames Visconti for calling the gem-engraver Tha- myrus instead of Thamyras. Of course ©AMTPOT, on the gems, might be taken as the genitive of either; but Stosch and R. Rochette decide in favour of Thamyrus on the evidence of the in scription. The truth, however, seems to be that Thamyrus is merely the Latin form of ©a/jLvpas, which is the genuine Greek, and which is only a variation of ©duvpis. (Pape, Worterbuch d. Griech. Eigennamen.} [P. S.]
THANATOS (©aVaros), Latin Mors, a personification of Death. In the Homeric poems Death does not appear as a distinct divinity, though he is described as the brother of Sleep, together with whom he carries the body of Sarpedon from the field of battle to the country of the Lycians. (//. xvi. 672, xiv. 231.) In Hesiod (Theog. 211, &c. 756) he is a son of Night and a brother of Ker and Sleep, and Death and Sleep reside in the lower world. (Comp. Virg. Acn. vi. 277.) In the Alcestis of Euripides, where Death comes upon the stage, he appears as an austere priest of Hades in a dark robe and with the sacrificial sword, with which he cuts off a lock of a dying person, and devotes it to the lower world. (Alcest. 75, 843, 845.) On the whole, later poets describe Death as a sad or terrific being (Horat. Carm. i. 4. 13, Sat. ii. 1. 58), but the best artists of the Greeks, avoiding any thing that might be displeasing, abandoned the ideas suggested to them by the poets, and represented Death under a more pleasing aspect. On the chest of Cypselus, Night was