The Ancient Library

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On this page: Teutamias – Teuthras – Teutiaplus – Teuticus – Teutobodus – Teutomalius – Thais – Thalamus – Thalassa – Thalassius


Argyraspids in Cilicia, Antigenes and Teutamus at first, in obedience to the orders of the regent and Olympias, placed themselves under his com­ mand^ but they secretly regarded him with jea­ lousy, and Teutamus even listened to the overtures of Ptolemy, and would have joined in a plot against the life of Eumenes, had he not been dissuaded by his more prudent colleague. (Diod. xviii. -59, 62 ; Plut. Eum. 13.) But though they continued to follow the guidance of Eumenes, and with the troops under their command, bore an important part in his campaigns against Antigonus, they took every opportunity of displaying their envy and jealousy, which their general in vain tried to allay, by avoiding all appearance of the exercise of au­ thority. [eumenes, p. 89, a.] During the winter campaign in Gabiene (b. c. 316) the two leaders of the Argyraspids were the prime movers of a plot for the destruction of Eumenes ; and after the final action, Teutamus was the first to open nego­ tiations with Antigonus for the recovery of the baggage of the Argyraspids by the betrayal of his rival into his hands. (Plut. Eum. 13,16, 17.) By this act of treachery he probably hoped to secure the favour of Antigonus, as well as to supplant his own colleague or leader, Antigenes; but we find no farther mention of his name, and it is probable that he was sent, with the greater part of the Argyraspids, to perish in Arachosia. (Diod. xix. 48.) [E. H. B.]

TEUTAMIAS (Teura^as), a king of Larissa in Thessaly, and father of the Pelasgian Lethus. (Apoliod. ii. 4. § 4; Horn. II. ii. 843; Tzetz. ad LycopTi. 830.) [L. S.]

'teu'tarus (Tempos), the original owner of the bow which was used by Heracles. (Lycoph. Cass. 56 ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 50, 458.) [L. S.]

TEUTHRAS (Te66pas). 1. An ancient king of Mysia, who received Auge, the daughter of Aleus, and brought up her son Telephus. From him the town of Teuthrania in Mysia was believed to have received its name. (Apoliod. ii. 7. § 4 ; Paus. viii. 4 ; Strab. xii. p. 571.) [telephus].

2. A Greek of Magnesia, who was slain by Hector at Troy. (Horn. //. v. 705.)

3. An Athenian, who was believed to have founded Teuthrania in Laconia. (Paus. iii. 25. § 3.) [L. S.]

TEUTIAPLUS (TevrtairXos), an Elean, was one of the leaders of the Peloponnesian fleet which was sent under Alcidas, the Lacedaemonian, as admiral, to support Mytilene in its revolt from Athens, b. c. 427. The Mytilenaeans, however, had surrendered to Paches before the friendly ar­mament reached the coast of Asia, and Teutiaplus then endeavoured, but without success, to persuade Alcidas to attempt the recovery of the island by a sudden attack. (Thuc. iii. 16, 29, 30.) [E. E.]

TEUTICUS, an Illyrian noble, whom Gentius sent as ambassador to the Roman praetor, in b. c. 168, to beg for a truce. (Liv. xliv. 31.)

TEUTOBODUS, king of the Teutoni, when they were defeated by Marius at the great battle of Aquae Sextiae, in b. c. 102 [marius, p. 955, b.]. According to some authorities Teutobodus was killed in the battle ; according to others, he was taken prisoner and adorned the triumph of Marius. (Oros. v. 16 ; Eutrop. v. 1 ; Floras, iii. 3. §10.)

TEUTOMALIUS, king of the Saluvii, took refuge among the AllobrogeSj after the conquest of



his own people by the Romans, in b. c. 122. (Liv. Epit. 61.)

THAIS (®afo), a celebrated Athenian Hetaera, who accompanied Alexander the Great on his ex­pedition into Asia, or at least was present on various occasions during that period. Her name is best known from the story of her having stimu­lated the conqueror during a great festival at Per-sepolis, to set fire to the palace of the Persian kings: but this anecdote, immortalized as it has been by Dryden's famous ode, appears to rest on the sole authority of Cleitarchus, one of the least trustworthy of the historians of Alexander, and is in all probability a mere fable (Cleitarchus, ap. Aihen. xiii. p. 576, e ; Diod. xvii. 72 ; Plut. Alex. 38 ; Curt. v. 7. §§ 3—7 ; Droysen, Gesch. Alex. p. 247, note.)

After the death of Alexander, Thai's attached herself to Ptolemy Lagi, by whom she became the mother of two sons, Leontiscus and Lagus, and of a daughter, Eirene. The statement of Athenaeus that she was actually married to the Egyptian king may be doubted, but he seems to have been warmly attached to her, and brought up their common children in almost princely style. (Athen. xiii. p. 576, e.) Many anecdotes are recorded of her wit and readiness in repartee, for which she seems to have been as distinguished as for her beauty. (Id. ib. p. 585.) [E. H. B.]

THALAMUS, P. lucrinius, P. L., an artist, whose name appears on a Latin inscription, with the designation a'. corinth!s faber, which Raoul-Rochette explains as sculptor of Corinthian vases. (Gruter, p. dcxxxix, 8 ; Muratori, Thes. vol. ii. p. cmlxiii. ; Orelli, Tnscr. Lat. Sel. No, 4181 ; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Scliorn, p. 414. 2d ed.) [P. S.]

THALASSA (&aAa<ro-a), a personification of the Mediterranean, is described as a daughter of Aether and Hemera. (Hygin. Fab. Praef. p. 2; Lucian, Dial, D. Marin. 11.) [L. S.]

THALASSIUS, TALA'SSIUS, or TALA'S- SIO (TaA.a<r<nos), a Roman senator of the time of Romulus. At the time of the rape of the Sabine women, when a maiden of surpassing beauty was led away for Thalassius, the persons conducting her, in order to protect her against any assaults from others, exclaimed " for Thalassius." Hence, it is said, arose the wedding shout with which a bride at Rome was conducted to the house of her bridegroom. (Liv. i. 9; Serv. ad Aen. i. 651 ; Catull. 61, 134.) Others connect the name with the Greek ra\aata (spinning of wool), expressing the chief occupation of a newly married woman (Fest. p. 351, ed. Miiller; Plut. Quaest. Rom. 31, Romul. 15) ; or regard it as the name of the god presiding over marriage. (Dionys. ii. 31 ; Martial, xii. 42. 4, iii. 93. 23.) [L. S.]

THALASSIUS. 1. Praefectus Praetorio of the East, under Constantius II., possessed great influence with this emperor. He had previously enjoyed the title of Comes, and as such Was sent by Constantius on an embassy to his brother Con-stans at Petobio in Pannonia, in A. d. 348 (Atha-nasius, Apol. ad Constant, init.j. As praefect of the East he did all in his power to excite the bad passions of Gallus, and to inflame Constantius against him. Thalassius died in a. d. 353, and was succeeded by Domitian (Amm. Marc. xiv. 1, 7 ; Zosim. ii. 48). Godefroy maintains that Tha­lassius could not have died earlier than a. d. 357,


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