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On this page: Telephus – Teles – Telesarchides

990

TELEPHUS.

Europa, who had been carried off by Zeus ; but she died on the expedition, and was buried by Cadmus. ( Apollod. iii. 1. § 1.) Moschus (ii. 42) calls her the wife of Phoenix, the son of Agenor, and the Scholiast on Euripides (lor^ 5) calls her Telephe. [L. S.]

TELEPHUS (T7?A64>os), a son of Heracles and Auge, the daughter of king Aleus of Tegea. He was reared by a hind (eAcwpos), and educated by king Corythus in Arcadia. (Comp. auge.) When Telephus had grown up, he consulted the Delphic oracle as to who his mother was. He was ordered to go to king Teuthras in Mysia. (Pans. i. 4. § 9.) He there found his mother, was kindly received, and married Argiope, the daughter of Teuthras, whom he succeeded on the throne of Mysia. (Apollod. iii. 9. § 1 ; Diod. iv. 33.) According to a different tradition in Hyginus (Fab. ]00), king Teuthras being hard pressed by Idas, who wished to deprive him of his kingdom, solicited the aid of Telephus, who, accompanied by Parthe-nopaeus, had come into his kingdom, and promised him his throne and the hand of his daughter Auge, if he would deliver him from his enemy. Telephus did so, and thus unwittingly married his own mother Auge. She, however, without know­ing her son, would hear nothing of the marriage, and resolved to murder her intended husband. A dragon sent by the gods prevented this crime ; and as she confessed her intention to Telephus, he re­solved to kill her ; but as she invoked the aid of Heracles, the relation between them was discovered, and Telephus led his mother back to his own country. According to the common tradition, how­ever, Telephus was king of Mysia at the time when the Greeks went to the Trojan war, and when they invaded Mysia, he repelled them, being of all the sons of Heracles the most like his father. (Pind. Ol. ix. 112, &c., Istlim. v. 52 ; Paus. x. 28, in fin.) Dionysus, however, assisted the Greeks, and caused Telephus to stumble over a vine, in consequence of which he was wounded by Achilles. (Pind. Isthm. viii. 109 ; Diet. Cret. ii. 3 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 46 ; Tzetz. ad Lycopli. 206,211 ; Hygin. Fab. 101.) Now it was discovered that Telephus himself was a Greek, and he was requested to join in the war against Priam. But he declined it on the plea that his wife Astyoche was a daughter of Priam. (Diet.Cret. ii. 5.) Other accounts state that Astyoche was a sister of Priam (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1697) ; Hyginus calls his wife Laodice, and a daughter of Priam; and some, again, call his wife Hiera, by whom he is said to have been the father of Tarchon and Tyrrhenus. (Tzetz. ad LycopJi. 1242, 1249; Phi-lostr. Her. ii. 18.) The wound which Telephus had received from Achilles could not be 'cured (hence incurable wounds, proverbially T/jAe^em Tpav/jLara, Paul. Aegin. iv. 46); and when he con­sulted the oracle he received the answer, that only he could cure him who had wounded him. Telephus, therefore, in a deplorable condition, went to seek Agamemnon; and on the advice of Clytaemnestra he carried off Orestes from his cradle, threatening to kill him unless his father would assist him in getting his wound cured. As the Greeks had re­ceived an oracle that without the aid of Telephus they could not reach Troy, a reconciliation was easily brought about, and Achilles cured Telephus by means of the rust of the spear by which the wound had been inflicted ; Telephus, in return, pointed out to the Greeks the road which they had to take. (Diet. Cret. ii. 10; Ov. Met. xii. 112,

TELESARCHIDES.

Trist. v. 2, 15, Retried. Am. 47, Epist. ex Ponto, ii. 26 ; Philostr. Vit. Apoll. ii. 14, &c.) Telephus was worshipped as a hero at Pergamus (Paus. v. ] 3. § 2), and on mount Parthenion, in Arcadia (Paus. viii. 34. § 5 ; Apollod. i. 8. § 6), and on the temple of Athena Alea, in Tegea, he was represented fighting with Achilles. (Paus. viii. 4, 5, in fin. ; Miiller, Anc. Art and its Rem. § 410, 8.) [L. S.] TE'LEPHUS (T4?Ae(pos). 1. A Greek gram­marian, a native of Pergamus. He lived in the time of Hadrianus, and was one of the instructors of Verus. (Capitol. Ver. 2.) He was the author of a considerable number of works, none of which, however, have come down to us. Suidas gives the following list of them : — 1. ITept twv Trap' 'O/u.'hpy (rxrj/uidTcav prjTopiKcav, in two books. 2. Hepl avv-rd^ecas \6yov 'attjkov, in five books. 3. ttjs /ca0' "Ojj.r)poj/ pTfjropiKrjs. 4. TLepl rov ' Kal H\dr<avos ffv^oovias. 5. IIoiKiA^s (j)i\o/j.adias /3'. 6. Biot rpayiKfav Kal Kca/J.iKwv. 7. r; e/^reipia, in three books (containing a list of books worth getting). 8. 'Us fj.6vos "O^pos ruv apxaitois eAATjft^ej. 9. HcpL^iytjffis Hepyd/J.gv.

10. Tlepl tov ev Hepyd/j-cf Segaortov, in two books.

11. Hepl t&v 'A.O'fjvrjo-i ^iKa.ffrfipiwv. 12. Tie pi t&v 'Ad^vr)(TL v6/jL(0v Kal efloD?'. 13. Hep} t&v TLepyd^ov jSafTiAeco*/, in five books. 14. Ilepl XP^creajy, a sort of dictionary, arranged in alpha­betical order, of things in common use, words, dress, &c. 15. Tlepl rrls^O^vtraeoos 7r\dv7js. 16. 'fi,KVT6Kiov, in ten books. This quaint title was given to a dictionary of synonymous words, de­signed to give copiousness and facility in speaking. (Suid. s. v. ; Vossius, de Hist. Gr. p. 264 ; Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. i. p. 525, vol. vi. p. 380.)

2. The father of the grammarian Philetas of Cos. He lived much earlier than the preceding, in the time of Philip of Macedon. [C. P. M.j

TELES (Te'ATjs), a Greek philosopher, who is erroneously ranked by Fabricius (Bibl. Gr. i. p. 876) among the Pythagoreans. He should rather be classed with the Socratics ; Diogenes, Crates, Bion, Aristippus, Xenophon, and Socrates himself, being the philosophers with whose doctrines he seems chiefly to have concerned himself. He appears to have been a contemporary of Stilpon. (Teles, de Exilio, ap. Stob. Floril. xl. 8.) Teles was the author of various dialogues, of which some consider­able fragments have been preserved by Stobaeus, though they are not printed in the dialogical form. (Welcker, Kleine Schriften, vol. ii. p. 495.) Stobaeus has quoted from the following pieces or dialogues :—

I. Tlepl avrapKeias (v. 67). 2. M^ eivai reAos ySovfy (xcviii. 72). 3. ^vyKpuris ir\ovrov Kal aperrjs (xci. 33, xciii. 31). 4. Tlepl Qvyrjs (xl. 8). 5. Tlepl irepHrrdffews (cviii. 82). 6. Hepl euTraflefas (cviii. 83). 7. A couple of epitomized extracts from pieces not named (xcv. 21. xcvii. 31). ' [C. P. M.]

TELESARCHIDES (TeAeo-apx^s), an Athe­nian sculptor, who is mentioned by Eustathius (ad

II. xxiv. 333, p. 1358. 8), as the maker of a Hermes with four heads ('Ep^y rerpaKe'cpaAos), which stood in the Cerameicus at Athens, and bore the following inscription :

'Ep/j.ri Terpaifdprjve, KaXhv TeAg(rap%tSou epyov^

TlavQ* 6paa9.

(Comp. Heyne, Prise. Art. Opp. ex Epigr. Illustr. p. 84.) It isalso mentioned in the Lexicon ofPhotius, in the following terms, 'Ep/x,r)s rerpa/cecpaAos: €i> TeAecrapxi'Sou zpyov. There are some

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