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On this page: Staphylus – Stasander – Stasanor – Stasicrates – Stasinus

STASANOR.

Apollo, who saved them, transferred Parthenos to Bubastus in the Chersonesus, where a sanctuary was dedicated to her, and Molpadia, under the name of Hemithea, to Castabus in the Chersonesus. There a temple was erected to her also, which no one was allowed to enter who had touched a swine, and where libations were offered to her, consisting of honey and water. Hemithea was worshipped especially as a divinity affording relief to women in child-bed (Diod. v. 52, 63). According to others Hemithea became by Lyrcus the mother of Basi- leus. (Parthen. Erot. 1.) [L. S.]

STAPHYLUS (2racJ>uAos), of Naucratis, in Egypt, a Greek writer quoted by Strabo (x. p. 475), Pliny (H. N. v. 31), and Athenaeus (ii. p. 45, c.), as well as bv the scholiasts, wrote a work on

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Thessaly (Schol. ad Apoll Rhod. iv. 816 ; Harpo-crat. s. v. Treyeorrcu ; Schol. ad Aristoph. Nub. 1064), on Aeolia and Attica (Harpocrat. s. vv. €iri€oiov, Trporata), and on Arcadia (Sext. Empir. adv. Math. 116).

STASANDER (2raWo>s), a native of Cy­ prus, was an officer in the service of Alexander the Great, and must have attained to considerable dis­ tinction, though his name is not mentioned during the lifetime of that monarch ; as only two years after his death, in the second division of the pro­ vinces at Triparadeisus (b.c. 321), Stasander ob­ tained the important satrapy of Aria and Dran- giana, in which he succeeded Stasanor (Arr. ap. Phot. p. 71, b ; Diod. xviii. 39). In the contest between Eumenes and Antigonus, he sided with the former, whom he joined with all the forces he could muster, and we find him particularly men­ tioned as taking part in the decisive action in Gabiene. Hence, after the final triumph of Anti­ gonus, he was deprived by the conqueror of his satrapy, which was given to Euitus. (Diod. xix. 14, 27, 48.) [E. H. B.]

STASANOR (Sraa-ai/wp), a native of Soli in Cyprus, who held a distinguished position among the officers of Alexander the Great (Strab. xiv. p. 683). He probably entered the service of that monarch after the conquest of Cyprus in b. c. 333, but the first occasion on which his name is men­tioned is during the campaign in Bactria, when he was detached by Alexander with a strong force to reduce Arsames, the revolted satrap of Aria. This service, in conjunction with Phrataphernes, he successfully accomplished, and rejoined Alexander at Zariaspa in the autumn of b. c. 328, bringing with him Arsames himself as a captive, as well as Barzanes, who had been appointed by Bessus sa­trap of Parthia (Arr. Anab. iii. 29, iv. 7). As a reward for this exploit he obtained the satrapy of Aria, which was, however, soon after changed for that of Drangiana, in the command of which he remained during the whole of Alexander's cam­paign in India. On the king's return, Stasanor was one of those who met him in Carmania with a very opportune supply of camels and other beasts of burthen, but returned to resume the charge of his province when Alexander continued his march towards Persia (Arr. ib. iv. 18, vi. 27, 29 ; Curt, viii. 3. § 17). In the first partition of the pro­vinces after the death of Alexander, Stasanor re­tained his former satrapy of Drangiana, but in the subsequent division at Triparadeisus (b.c. 321), he exchanged it for the more important government of Bactria and Sogdiana (Diod. xviii. 3, 39 ; Dexipp. ap. Phot. p. 64, b ; Arrian, ibid. p. 71, b ; Justin.

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STASINUS.

xiii. 4). Here he appears to have remained in quiet for some years, taking no open part, so far as we are informed in the contest between Eu­ menes and Antigonus, though apparently inclined in favour of the former: but he secured the at­ tachment of the native population by the justice and moderation of his rule, and thus established his power so firmly that Antigonus found it pru­ dent to pardon his favourable disposition towards his rival, and left him in the undisturbed pos­ session of his satrapy, b. c. 316. (Diod. xix. -48.) From this time his name does not appear again in history. [E. H. B.]

STASICRATES (ZraffiKpdrys), one of the various architects, or one of the various forms of the name of the architect, to whom different writers ascribe the design of the city of Alexandria. (See deinocrates.) [P. S.]

STASINUS (SToorfros), of Cyprus, an epic poet, to whom some of the ancient writers attri­buted that one of the poems of the Epic Cycle which was entitled Kvirpia or t& eirij t& K.vwpia. The statements on the subject are, however, so va­rious, and partake so much of conjecture, that no certain conclusion can be drawn from them. In the earliest historical period of Greek literature, and before critical inquiries began, the Cypria was accepted without question as a work of Homer. Pindar refers to it as Homer's (Fr. 189, ap. Ae-lian, V. H. ix. 15 ; but there is some doubt as to the genuineness of the quotation) ; and the respect in which it was held by ths early trage­dians is evident from the number of their dramas which were founded upon it. Herodotus (ii. 117) decidedly controverts the opinion which as­cribed it to Homer ; but in a manner which plainly shows that that opinion was still the prevailing one. Plato, on the other hand, quotes as from Homer two verses which, the Scholiast asserts, are from the Cypria (EuthypJir. p. 12, a.). Aris­totle (Poet, xxiii. 6) distinguishes the author of the Cypria^iom Homer, but without mentioning the name of the former ; and Pausanias refers to the poem in the same manner (iii. 16. § 1 ; iv. 2. § 7 ; x.26. § 1 ; x. 31. § 2). It is not till we come down to the times of Athenaeus and the grammarians, that we find any mention of Stasinus ; and even then the poem is ascribed to him in a very hesitating and indefinite manner. Thus Athenaeus in one passage (ii. p. 35, c.), speaks of " the poet of the Cypria, whoever he may be ; " in another (viii. p. 334), he mentions the author in the following indefinite way, 6 rb Kinrpia.

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$) ttffTis S^Trore xafy€l ovojji.a^6^€vos • and in a third (xv. p. 682, e.), he quotes the author of the poem as either Hegesias or Stasinus, and adds that Demodamas of Halicarnassus made the author of the Cypria a native of Halicarnassus. Lastly, Proclus, who is our chief authority for the history of the epic cycle, not only tells us that the poem was ascribed to Stasinus or Hegesinas or Homer, but what he and others tell us of Stasinus only adds new doubts to those which already beset the subject, and new proofs of the uncertainties of the ancients themselves respecting it. (Procl. Chres-tom. in Gaisford's Hephaestion et .Proems, pp. 471, foil. ; quoted also by Photius, Bibl. Cod. ccxxxix. pp. 319, a. foil,). Stasinus was said to be the son-in-law of Homer,, who, according to one story, composed the Cypria and gave it to Staainus aa

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