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great wealth and no children (Tac. Ann. xiii. 52). This Pomponius Silvanus is perhaps the same as the Pompeius or Poppaeus bilvamis mentioned above, as the names are frequently confounded, and the latter is described by Tacitus (Hist. ii. 86) as rich and aged.
SILVIUS, the son of Ascanius, is said to have been so called because he was born in a wood. All the succeeding kings of Alba bore the cognomen Silvius. The series of these mythical kings is given somewhat differently by Livy, Ovid, and l)ionysius, as the following list will show (Liv. i. 3 j Ov. Met. xiv. 609, &c. ; Dionys. i. 70, 71).
4. Aeneas Silvius.
5. Latinus Silvius.
12. Romulus Silvius.
SILUS, C. ALBU'CIUS, a Roman rhetorician, a native of Novaria, in the north of Italy, was aedile in his native town. He quitted Novaria in consequence of being dragged down from his tribunal on one occasion while administering justice, and repaired to Rome in the time of Augustus, where he obtained great renown by his oratory in the school of Plancus. He afterwards pleaded in the courts with considerable success, but having failed in one of his causes he left Rome and settled at Mediolanum, where he continued to exercise his profession as an advocate. He at length retired to his native town, and there put an end to his own life. (Suet, de Clar. Rhetor. 6 ; Senec. Conirov. iii. proem. ; Westermann, Geschichte der Romischen Beredtsamkeit) § 86.)
SILUS, SE'RGIUS. 1. M. sergius silus, the great-grandfather of Catiline, distinguished himself by his extraordinary bravery in the second Punic war. Although he had lost his right hand, and received twenty-three wounds in two campaigns, he continued in the army, and fought four times against the Carthaginians with his left hand alone. He was praetor urbanus in b. c. 197, in which year six praetors were elected for the first time (Plin. H.N. vii. 28. s. 29; Liv. xxxii. 27, 28, 31, xxxiii. 21). The annexed coin of the Sergia gens was probably struck in honour of this Sergius Silus by his son. The reverse represents a horseman in full gallop, holding in his left hand the head of a foe. (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 306.)
COIN OF M. SERGIUS SILUS.
3. sergius silus, son of No. 2, and father of Catiline. He does not appear to have held any of the public offices, and we do not even know his praenomen. He left his son no property. (Q. Cic. de Pet, Cons. 2 ; Sail. Cat 5.)
SIMARISTUS (2t,uap£0"™s), a grammatical, or lexicographical writer, mentioned several times by Athenaeus. Whether he was the author of more than one work, does not appear ; but Athenaeus quotes frequently from one entitled 'OfAww^a (iii. p. 99, d., ix. p. 395, f., xi. p. 478, c.). [C. P. M.]
SIMENUS, a statuary in bronze, mentioned by Pliny among those who made atldetas etarmatos et venatores sacrificantesque (H. N. xxxiv. 8. s. 1 9. § 34). There is no other mention of this artist ; and even the form of the name occurs nowhere else. [P. S.]
SIMILIS, was a centurion under Trajan, and praefectus praetorio under Hadrian, who erected a statue to his honour. Dion Cassius says that Similis received the praefecture against his will, and that he with difficulty prevailed upon Hadrian to let him resign it ; but Spartianus on the contrary states, that Hadrian removed Similis from his office, although he was partly indebted to him for the empire, and appointed Septicius Clarus his successor. (Pion Cass. Ixix. 18, 19 ; Spart. Hadr. 9.)
2. A Macedonian, son of Andromenes, and brother of Attains and Amyntas, the officers of Alexander. He probably served in the division of the phalanx, commanded by his brother Amyntas, as we find him taking the command of it at the battle of Arbela during his brother's absence. On this occasion his division was one of those which bore the chief brunt of the battle. (Arr. Anab. iii. 11, 14.) In b.c. 330 he was accused, together with his brothers, of having been concerned in the conspiracy of Philotas ; but the vigorous defence of Amyntas before the Macedonian army procured their joint acquittal. (Arr. iii. 27 ; Curt. vii. 1. §10, 2. §1—10.)
3. An officer in the service of Ptolemv III.
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(Euergetes), king of Egypt, who was sent by him to explore the shores of the Red Sea and the coasts of Ethiopia. Much of the information recorded by Agatharchides was derived from his authority. (Diod. iii. 18.) [E. H. B.J " SI'MMIAS (2«wifas, or, in the MSS. of Diog. Laert., 3^tas) literary. 1. Of Thebes, first the