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On this page: Seppius Lesius – Septfmia Gens – Septicjus Clarus – Septimianus – Septimus

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SEPTIMIUS.

Some coins of the gens bear the cognomen Satur-ninus, and others occur without any surname. 0: the latter we give a specimen: on the obverse is the head of Pallas with arg. pvb, and on the reverse Jupiter in a quadriga with (l.) senti c. f. (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 305.)

SEPPIUS LESIUS, held the office of meddix tuticus at Capua, in b. c. 211, being the last of the Campanians who obtained this dignity. (Liv. xxvi. 6, 13.)

SEPTICJUS CLARUS. [clarus.] SEPTFMIA, apparently the wife of Sicca. (Cic. ad Att. xvi. 11.)

SEPTFMIA GENS, plebeian. The Septimii are not mentioned till towards the close of the republic, and none of them obtained any celebrity till the imperial period, when they were raised to impor­tance by Septimus Severus being elevated to the empire.

SEPTIMIANUS, FA'BIUS CILO. [CiLo.] SEPTFMIUS. 1. P. septimius scaevola, b. c. 72. [scaevola, p. 734, a.]

2. septimius, one of Catiline's conspirators, was sent by him in b. c. 63 into the Ager Picenus. (Sail. Cat. 27.)

3. T. seftimius sabinus, curule aedile, ap­parently after the consulship of L. Lucullus, the conqueror of Mithridates. (Plin. H. N. xxxiv. 8. s. 19. § 35.)

4. C. septimius, a scriba of the consul Bibu-lus, b. c. 59. (Cic. ad Att. ii. 24.)

5. P. septimius, one of the witnesses against L. Valerius Flaccus in b. c. 59 [flaccus, va­lerius, No. 15]. (Cic. pro Flacc. 4, 35.)

6. C. septimius, praetor b. c. 57, supported Cicero's recall from banishment. Cicero speaks of him as augur in B. c. 45. (Cic. post Red. in Sen. 9, ad Att. xii. 13, 14.)

7. P. septimius, the quaestor of M. Terentius Varro, who sent to him three books De Lingua Latina (Varr. L.L. v. 1, vii. 109, ed. Miiller). He is probably the same as the P. Septimius, who wrote two books on architecture, as his name is mentioned by Vitruvius in conjunction with Varro's. (Vitruv. vii. Praef. p. 194, ed. Bip.)

8. L. septimius, had served as a centurion under Cn. Pompey, in the war against the pirates, and afterwards under Gabinius, when he restored Ptolemy Auletes to the throne. Gabinius left him behind in Egypt with a considerable force, to protect the king, and he was still in the country, with the rank of tribunus militum, when Pompey fled there after the battle of Pharsalia, in b. c. 48. In conjunction -with Achillas, he slew his old commander, as he was landing in Egypt. Appian erroneously calls him Sempronius. (Dion Cass. xlii. 3, 4, 38 ; Caes. B.C. iii. 104 ; Plut. Pomp. 78 ; Appian, B. C. ii. 84.)

9. septimius, was proscribed by the triumvirs in b. c. 43, and betrayed by his wife to the assas­sins. (Appian, B. C. iv. 23).

10. septimius, a friend of Horace, who dedi­cates to him one of his odes (Carm. ii. 6, Epist. i. 9). He is also called by Augustus Septimius nosier, in a letter addressed by the emperor to Horace. (Suet. Hor.)

11. septimius, a centurion, slain by the soldiers in Germany, where they broke out into revolt at the commencement of the reign of Tiberius. (Tac. Ann. i. 32.)

12. septimius, wrote the life of Alexander [

SEPTIMUS.

Severus, and is referred to by Lampridius as an authority. (Lamprid. Aleoe. Sever. 17, 48.)

13. Q. septimius, the translator of the work on the Trojan war, bearing the name of Dictya Cretensis. [Vol. I. p. 1003, a.] SEPTI'MIUS GETA. [geta.] SEPTFMIUS SERE'NUS. [serenus.] SEPTI'MIUS SEVE'RUS. [severus.] SEPTI'MIUS, TFTIUS. Horace, in an epistle (i. 3. 9—14) to Julius Florus, at that time in the East along with Tiberius Nero, makes inquiries with regard to the welfare and occupations of a certain Titius, whom in a tone of serious eulogy or covert ridicule,—for here and elsewhere in these pieces it is difficult to determine whether words of apparent praise do not hide a lurking sneer,—he re­ presents as having boldly ventured to quaff a draught from the Pindaric spring, and as having, moreover, been ambitious to achieve distinction in the impassioned and grandiloquent outpourings of the tragic muse. Aero and Porphyrio agree in declaring that Horace is here laughing at Titius, a poet of no merit; although the latter commentator admits that the expressions might reasonably admit of an opposite interpretation. They add that this personage had attempted to translate Pindar into Latin, and that he had composed lyrics and trage­ dies, explanations which after all amount to little more than an echo of the text. The Scholiast pub" lished by Cruquius states, in like manner, " lyrica carmina et tragoedias scripsit, Augusti tempore," but calls him Titius Septimius, adding that hie works were no longer extant, but that a conspicuous tomb had been reared to his memory below Aricia. In consequence of this note Titius is believed by many modern commentators to be the same indi­ vidual with the Septimius who is addressed in the sixth ode of the second book, and who is introduced in the ninth epistle of the first book. [septimius, No. 10.] Much learning and ingenuity have been displayed in attacking and defending this Dosition, as may be seen from the dissertation " De Titio Septimio poeta," in the " Poetarum Latinorum Reliquiae" of Weichert, 8vo. Lips. 1830, pp. 365— 390 ; see also the remarks of Obbarius on Hor. Ep. i. 3. 9. [W. R.]

L. SEPTIMULEIUS, of Anagnia, although a friend of C. Gracchus, carried the head of the lattei to the consul Opimius, and obtained for it its weight in gold, in accordance with a proclamation which had been made at the beginning of the contest. It is related that Septimuleius took out the brain, and put melted lead in its stead, or, ac-;ording to another version of the story, filled the mouth with lead. (Plut. C. Graccli. 17 ; Val. Max. ix. 4. § 3 ; Plin. H. N. xxxiii. 14; Cic. de Orat. ii. 67.)

SEPTIMUS, L. MA'RCIUS (Liv. xxxii. 2), usually called by Livy simply L. Marcius, was a Roman eques, and served for many years under Cn. Scipio in Spain. On the defeat and death of the two Scipios in Spain, in b.c. 211, L. Marcius, who had already gained great distinction by his military abilities, was called by the soldiers to take the com­mand of the surviving troops, and by his prudence and energy preserved them from total destruction. He appears indeed to have gained some advantage over the Carthaginian army commanded by Has-drubal, son of Gisco, which the Roman annalists magnified into a brilliant victory. The details of the history of the Roman war in Spain are not

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