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On this page: Scephrus – Scerdilaidas – Scfpio – Schoeneus

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SCERDILAIDAS.

4en. iii. 484, xii. 120, who in the latter passage [uotes from " Scaurus de Vita sua;" Ritschl, de iet. Plauti interpret, in his Parergon Plautin. 'ol. i. p. 357, &c.) [W. R.]

SCEPHRUS (2/ce>pos), a son of Tegeates and VEaera, and brother of Leimon. When Apollo and Vrtemis took vengeance upon those who had ill- reated Latona, while she was wandering about in ter pregnancy ; and when they came into the ountry of the Tegeatans, Apollo had a secret con- ersation with Scephrus. Leimon, suspecting that Jcephrus was plotting against him, slew his brother, ,nd Artemis punished the murderer by sudden .eath. Tegeates and Maera immediately offered p sacrifices to Apollo and Artemis ; but the ountry was nevertheless visited by a famine, and he god of Delphi ordered that Scephrus should be onoured with funereal solemnities. From that ime, it is said, a part of the solemnities at the fes- ival of Apollo Agyieus at Tegea, was performed in onour of. Scephrus, and the priestess of Artemis ursued a man as Artemis had pursued Leimon. Pans. viii. 53. § 1.) [L. S.]

SCERDILAIDAS, or SCERDILAEDUS. S/cepSiAai'Sas or 3,tcep<5t\ai8os. Concerning the arious forms of the name see Schweighauser, ad ^olyb. ii. 5. § 6. Bekker, in his recent edition of 'olybius, retains the form iS/cepStAaiSos.)

1. A king of Illyria, who was in all probability son of Pleuratus, and younger brother of Agron, oth of them kings of that country (see Schweigh-iiser, L c.). He is first mentioned shortly after le death of Agron, as commanding a force sent by 'euta, the widow of that monarch, against Epeirus, . c. 230. He advanced through the passes of itintania, defeated an army which the Epeirots pposed to him, and penetrated as far as Phoenice, 'hen he was recalled by Teuta to oppose the Dar-anians (Polyb. ii. 5, 6). At this time he was [early in a private station, and the period at which e assumed the sovereignty is uncertain ; but it 3ems probable that, after the defeat and abdication f Teuta (b.c. 229), Scerdilai'das succeeded to a ortion of her dominions, though at first without le title of king, which he probably did not assume 11 after the death of his nephew Pinnes, on whom le Romans had bestowed the sovereignty, under is guardianship of Demetrius of Pharos (see chweighauser, ad Polyb. L c.). In b. c. 220 we nd him joining with Demetrius in a predatory ex-edition against the Achaeans, and concluding a •eaty with the Aetolians against that people : but e quickly became dissatisfied with the conduct of is new allies, and was, in consequence, induced y Philip to change sides, and conclude an alliance nth the Macedonian monarch (Polyb. iv. 16, 29). n the spring of 218 he sent a small squadron to be support of Philip, but he appears to have ren-ered him little efficient assistance, either on that r any subsequent occasion during the war. Not­withstanding this he claimed from the Macedonian ing his promised share of the booty, and conceiv-ng himself aggrieved in this respect, in the follow-ig year (b.c. 217) he turned his arms against 'hilip, captured by treachery some of his ships, nd made an inroad into Macedonia itself, where e made himself master of some of the frontier owns. Philip, who was at this time in the Pelo-'onnese, hastened to ,the relief of his own domi-,ions. and having quickly recovered the places he .ad lost, occupied himself during the winter in the

SCIPIO.

equipment of a powerful fleet, to carry on operations against the Illyrian king. Scerdilai'das, alarmed at these tidings, applied for assistance to the Romans, who were favourably disposed towards him from jealousy of Philip, but were too hard pressed at home to furnish him any effectual succour. They, however, in the summer of b. c. 216, sent a squa­dron of ten ships to his support, and the very name of a Roman fleet struck such a terror into Philip that he abandoned the Adriatic, and retired, with his whole fleet, to Cephallenia (Polyb. v. 3, 95, 101, 108,110). But during the following years his Roman allies were able to give little assistance to the Illyrian king, and Philip wrested from him the important fortress of Lissus, as well as a con­siderable part of his dominions. In b. c. 211 Scer­dilai'das joined the alliance of the Aetolians with the Romans, but his part in the war which fol­lowed appears to have been confined to threatening and infesting the Macedonian frontiers by occasional predatory incursions (Liv. xxvi. 24, xxvii. 30, xxviii. 5 ; Polyb. x. 41). It would appear that he must have died before the peace of 204, as his name, which is coupled with that of his son Pleu­ratus, during the negotiations in b. c. 208, does not appear in the treaty concluded by P. Sempronius with the Macedonian king (see Liv. xxvii. 30, xxix. 12). He left a son, pleuratus, who suc­ceeded him on the throne.

2. A son of Gentius, king of Illyria, who was taken prisoner and carried captive to Rome, toge­ ther with his father and his brother Pleuratus. (Liv. xliv. 32.) [E. H. B.] SCEVFNUS, FLA'VIUS. [scaevinus.] SCHE'DIUS (2xe5ios). 1. A son of Iphitus by Hippolyte, commanded the Phocians in the war against Troy, along with his brother Epistrophus. (Horn. 77. ii. 517, &c.) Apollodorus (iii. 10. § 8) calls Epistrophus the father of Schedius. He was slain by Hector (II. xvii. 306, &c.; Paus. x. 4. § 1), and his remains were carried from Troy to Anticyra in Phocis. He was represented in the Lesche at Delphi. (Pans. x. 30. § 2, 36, in fin.) 2. A son of Perimedes, likewise a Phocian who was killed at Troy by Hector. (Horn. //. xv. 515; comp. Strab. ix. p. 424.) [L. S.j

SCHOENEUS (2xo«/eu's), a son of Athamas and Themisto, was king in Boeotia and father of Atalante and Clymenus (Apollod. i. 8. § 2, 9. § 2, iii. 9. § 2). The town of Schoerms is said to have derived its name from him. (Paus. viii. 35. § 8; Steph. Byz. s. v.} Another personage of this name occurs in Anton. Lib. 10. [L. S.]

SCFPIO, the name of an illustrious patrician family of the Cornelia gens. This name, which signifies a stick or staff, is said to have been ori­ginally given to a Cornelius, because he served as a staff in directing his blind father (patrem pro baculo regebat\ and to have been handed down by him as a family name to his descendants (Macrob. Sat. i. 6). This family produced some of the greatest men in Rome, and to them she was more indebted than to any others for the empire of the world. The Scipios, like many other Roman families, possessed a burial-place in which all the members of the family were interred (Cic. Tusc. i. 7). This family-tomb, which was near the Porta Capena, was discovered in 1780, and is one of the most interesting remains of the republican period. It was discovered on the left of the Appia Via, about 400 paces within the modern Porta S Se-

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