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On this page: Saufeius – Sauras – Saurias – Sauromates


which was made, the Samnites acknowledged the supremacy of Rome. In b. c. 229 Saverrio was censor with Sempronius Sophus, his former col­league in the consulship. In their censorship two new tribes were formed, the Aniensis and Teren-tina. (Liv. ix. 4.9, x. 9 ; Dionys. Exc. Legal, p. 2331, ed. Reiske ; Niebuhr, Hist, of Rome, vol. iii. pp. 258, 259.)

2. P. sulpicius P. f. ser. n. saverrio, son of the preceding, was consul b.c. .279, with P. Decius Mus, and commanded, with his colleague, against Pyrrhus. The history of this campaign is given under Mus, No. 3, where the authorities are also cited.

SAUFEIUS. 1. C. saufeius, quaestor in b.c. 100, was one of the partisans of Saturninus, took refuge with him in the capitol, and was slain along with his leader, when they were obliged to surrender to Marius. (Cic. pro C. Rabir. 7 ; Ap-pian, B. C. i. 32.) [saturninus, p. 724.]

2. M. saufeius, was a companion of Milo, and had taken the principal share in the murder of Clodius, b. c. 52. After the condemnation of Milo, he was accused under the lex Pompeia de Vi^ and escaped punishment by only a single vote. He was accused a few days afterwards under the lex Plautia, but was again acquitted. He was on each occasion defended by Cicero. (Ascon. in Mil. p. 54, ed. Orelli.)

3. L. saufeius, a Roman eques, was an in­timate friend of Atticus, and, like the latter, a warm admirer of the Epicurean philosophy. Pie had very valuable property in Italy, which was confiscated by the triumvirs ; but Atticus exerted himself on behalf of his friend with so much success, that the latter received intelligence, at the same time, of the confiscation and restitution of his pro­perty. (Cic. ad All. i. 3, ii. 8, iv. 6, vi. 9, vii. 1, xiv. 18, xv. 4 ; Corn. Nep. All. 12.)

4. 5. app. saufeius, and D. saufeius, a scriba, are mentioned by Pliny, as two instances of sudden death (H. N. vii. 53. s. 54).

6. saufeius trogus was put to death in a. d. 48, because he had been privy to the marriage of Messalina with Silius (Tac. Ann. xi. 35). Some editions of Tacitus have Saufellus.

7. L. saufeius occurs on coins of the republican period, but cannot be referred with certainty to any of the persons above mentioned. (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 301.)


SAURAS or SAURUS, sculptor. [batra-


SAURIAS (^avpias), a very ancient artist of Samos, to whom some ascribed the invention of that first step in the art of drawing, which was called (TKiaypaQitti that is, tracing the outline of a shadow. The statement, however, deserves little credit, as it rests on the sole authority of Athe- nagoras (Athenag. Legat. pro Christ. 14, p. 59, ed. Dechair). [P. S.]


SAUROMATES (^avpo^a-njs) is the name of several kings of Bosporus, who are for the most part known only from their coins. These bear most commonly the head of the reigning Roman emperor on the one side, and that of the king of Bosporus on the other, in token of the dependent condition of the latter monarchs. From this cir­cumstance we are fortunately enabled to determine, approximately, the period at which the several kings of the name respectively reigned in Bos­porus ; but, besides this, many of their coins bear dates which have been ascertained tc be computed from an era corresponding with the year b. c. 296, thus enabling us to fix still more accurately their chronology. (See Eckhel. vol. ii. p. 382.)

1. sauromates I. was contemporary with Augustus and Tiberius : and assumed, in compli­ment to thejatter emperor, the names of Tiberius Julius, which appear on some of his coins. The date on the one annexed, incorrectly copied in the engraving, is ®9^> or ^99, which corresponds with a. d. 3 : others bear dates as late as the year 310 of the Bosporan era, or a. d. 14. None of those with the titles of Ti. Julius have any dates, and Mionnet considers (apparently without suf­ficient reason) that these belong to a second king of the name of Sauromates.

According to Eckhel (Ib. p. 375), Pepaepiris was the wife of this Sauromates [pepaepiris] ; but later numismatists consider her as the queen of Mithridates king of Bosporus. It appears pro­bable, also, that the true form of her name is Gepaepiris. (Dumersan, Medailles d^Allier^ pp. 64, 66 ; Mionnet. Suppl. iv. pp. 482, 496.)


2. sauromates II. was a contemporary of the emperors Trajan and Hadrian, and is incidentally mentioned by the younger Pliny as having sent an embassy to the former emperor (Plin. Epp. x. 13, 14, 15). From his coins we learn that ho ascended the throne as early as a. d. 94, before the death of Domitian, and that he still occupied it in a. d. 124. The annexed coin, which bears on the obverse the head of Hadrian and the date 413. (a. d. 117), belongs to this Sauromates.


3. sauromates III. was the successor of eupator, and must have become king of Bosporus before the death of M. Aurelius. His earliest extant coin bears the head of that emperor, with the date of 474 (a. d. 178). Others have the

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