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SALONIUS.

the most plausible is founded upon the supposition that, wnen left alone in Gaul, he was invested for the time being with the rank of Augustus, in order that he might command more respect during the absence of his father, but that the rank thus con­ ferred being intended to serve a temporary purpose only, was extinguished by his death. Zonaras (xii. 24), when speaking of Gallienus, remarks, in passing, that his son, who was besieged by Postu- mus, bore the same name with his father, was regarded as heir to the empire, and was a comely and talented youth. (Trebell. Poll. Salonin. Gal- lien.; 'Zosim. i. 38 ; Grater, Corp. Insc. cclxxv. 5 ; Brequigny, in the Memoires de VAcademic, de Sciences et Belles Lettres, vol. xxxii. p. 262 ; Eckhel, vol. vii. p. 421.) [W.R.J

COIN OP SALONINUS.

SALCNIUS. 1. P. salonius, had been tribune of the soldiers, and first centurion for several alternate years, and was hated by the soldiers because he had been opposed to their mutinous projects in b. c. 342. (Liv. vii. 41.)

2. C. salonius, one of the triumvirs who founded the colony at Tempsa in b. c. 194. He was appointed in B. c. 173 one of the decemvirs for dividing certain lands in Liguria and Cisalpine Gaul among the Roman citizens and the Latins. (Liv. xxxiv. 45, xiii. 4.)

3. Q. salonius sarra, praetor b. c. 192, ob­tained Sicily as his province. (Liv. xxxv. 10, 20.)

4. M. salonius, the father of the second wife of Cato the Censor. [salonia.]

SALONIUS, bishop of Genoa about the middle of the fifth century, was the son of Eucherius, bishop of Lyons, and the pupil of Salvianus [SAL-vianus], who dedicated to him his two works, De Avaritia and De Providentia. He is supposed to have died before a. d. 475, because in the acts of the Council of Aries, held during that year, a certain Theophlastus is spoken of as presiding over the see of Genoa.

There is still extant a work by Salonius, Ex-positio Mystica in Parabolas Salomonis et Ecclesias-ten, otherwise entitled In Parabolas Salomonis Dialogi //., or In Parabolas et Ecclesiasten Salo­monis Dialogi^ in the form of a conversation be­tween himself and his brother, Veranus. We have also an Epistola, written in his own name, in that of his. brother, and of Ceretus, addressed to Leo the Great.

The Expositio was first printed at Haguenau (Hagenoae), 4to. 1532. It will be found in the Orthodoxographa of Heroldus, Basel, 1550 ; in the similar collection of Grynaeus, Basel, 1569 ; and in the BibUotlieca Patrum Maxima, vol. viii. p. 401, fol. Lugd. 1677.

The letter to Leo is included in the editions of that pontiff's works by Quesnell, and by the brothers Ballerini, being numbered Ixxvi. in the former, and Ixviii. in the latter. (Schonemann, BibL Patrum Lat. vol. ii. § 53.) [W. R.]

SALVIANUS.

SALPION, an Athenian sculptor, of unknown date, whose name is inscribed upon a large vase of Parian marble, beautifully sculptured with figures in high relief, representing Hermes giving the infant Dionysus to the Nymphs to educate. This vase was found at Cormia, on the Gulf of Gaeta, and was applied to use as a font in the cathedral of Gaeta, but was afterwards removed to the Nea­ politan Museum, where it now is. (Gruter, Thes. Inscr. p. Ixxvii. No. 7 ; Spon, Miscellan. vol. ii. 1, p. 25 ; Mus. Borbow.; Nagler, Kunstler- Lexicon, s. v.) [P. S.]

SALTIUS, SEX., conducted with L. Con-sidius a colony to Capua, b. c. 83 (Cic. de Leg. Agr. ii. 34). For details see considius, No. 3.

SALVIA GENS, was properly speaking no Roman gens. A few insignificant persons of this name are mentioned towards the end of the re­public, but the name became of importance in the imperial period from the emperor, M. Salvius Otho, who was descended from an ancient and noble family of the town of Ferentinum in Etruria.

SALVIA TITISCENIA, a Roman female mentioned by M. Antonius in a letter to Octavian. (Suet. Aug. 69.)

SALVIANUS, an accomplished ecclesiastical writer of the fifth century, who, although never raised to the episcopal dignity, is styled by Gen-nadius, " the master of bishops." He was born somewhere in the vicinity of Treves, a city with which he was evidently well acquainted. It is uncertain whether he was educated in the true faith, but he certainly was a Christian at the period of his marriage with Palladia, a pagan lady of Cologne, the daughter of Hypatius and Quieta; for he not only speedily convinced his wife of her errors, but after the birth of a daughter, Auspiciola, persuaded her to adopt some of the leading observances of a monastic life. Having, in consequence of this step, incurred the displeasure of his father-in-law, whom, however, after a lapse of seven years, he succeeded in appeasing, and eventually in converting, he removed to the south of France, and became a presbyter of the Church at Marseilles. Here he passed the remainder of his life, enjoying the friendship of the most distinguished among the holy men of that country, among others of Eucherius, bishop of Lyons, to whose sons, Salonius and Ve­ranus, he acted as preceptor. The period of his death is uncertain, but he was still alive when Gen-nadius compiled his biographies, that is, about a. d. 490.

The following works by this author are still extant:—

I. Adversus Avaritiam Libri IV. ad Ecclesiam Catholicam^ published under the name of Timotheus, about A. d. 440. It was first printed in the Anti-dotum contra diversas omnium fere Saeculornm Haereses of lo. Sichardus, fol. Basel, 1528, under the title Timothei Episcopi ad Ecclesiam Catholicam toto Orbe diffusam et Salviani Episcopi Massiliensis in Librum Timotkei ad Salonium Episcopiim prae-fatio.

II. De Providentia s. De Gubernatione De,/ el de Justo Dei praesentique Judicio Libri. Written during the inroads by the barbarians upon the Roman empire, A. d. 451—455. It was first printed by Frobenius, Basel, fol. 1530, with the title /). Salviani Massyliensis Episcopi de vero Judicio et Providentia Dei ad S. Salonium Episco-

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