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, Falcbniam Prolam ; some translations from Latin
, into Greek.
The style of Rufinus is remarkably perspicuous, and, although tinged with the corruptions of his
fage, is far removed from barbarism. His original works do not indicate commanding genius, nor indeed are the subjects such as to admit of much display, while his merits as a translator rank very low, since all his efforts in this department are characterised by extreme inaccuracy. Indeed his
.object seems to have been rather to convey a general idea of the meaning of an author than faithfully to represent his words, and he does not hesitate to expand, condense, correct, or omit such passages as seemed to him obscure, diffuse, inaccurate or unnecessary, although we cannot with justice accuse him of wilful distortion or suppression. .Into the merits of the controversy with Jerome, to which perhaps he owes his chief celebrity, it is unnecessary to enter. It redounded to the praise of neither party, but the latter was undoubtedly, the aggressor, the motives of the attack were probably unworthy, and the coarse invective in which it was couched excites no feeling except disgust, especially when contrasted with the hyperbolical praises lavished by him not long before upon the same individual.
No complete impression of the works of Rufinus hav'.ng ever been published, we have noticed the best edition of each piece separately. ,
(The events connected with the life of Rufinus have been investigated, with great industry and learning, by Giusto Fontanini, archbiship of An-cyra, in his Historia Literaria Aquileiensis^ 4to. Rom. 1742, and by J. F. B. Maria de Rubeis, in his Dissertationes Duae^ 4 to., Venet. 1745 ; to which we may add the notices prefixed to the edition by Cacciari of the Historia Ecclesiastica, and the recent dissertation by J. H. Marzuttini, entitled De Turanii Rttfini Presbyteri Aquileiensis Fide et Religione, 8vo. Patav. 1835 ; see also Schrock, KircJiengeschichte,\Q\. x.p. 121 ; Schone-mann, Bill. Patrum Latt. vol. i. § 27 ; Ba.hr, Geschichte der Rom. Littered, suppl. Band. 2te Abtheil. §§ 95—98.)
2. rufinus, the name attached to a little poem in twenty-two lines, PasipJiaes Fabula ex omnibus Metris Horatianis, which, as the name imports, contains an example of each of the different metres employed by Horace. It was first published by Cruquius (1579), by whom it was found in the Blandini MSS. attached to an ancient exposition of the Horatian metres. It has been printed by Burmahn, in his Antfiol. Lot. iii. 232, or No. 997, ed. Meyer, by Wernsdorf, Poet. Lett. Min. vol. iii. p. 393, comp. p. 339, and is usually appended to the larger editions of Horace. The author is altogether unknown, and even the name is uncertain, but he may be the same person with
3. rufinus, a grammarian of Antioch, whose treatise De Metris Comicis, or rather extracts from it, composed partly in prose and partly in verse, is contained in the " Grammaticae Latinae Auc- tores Antiqui" of Putschius, 4to., Hannov. 1605, pp. 2706—2727. He was probably not earlier than Theodosius, since he quotes Firmianus, Vic- torinus^ Albinus. and Donatus. [W.R.]
mesticm, but is headed in the Palatine MS. 'Povfyivov fiofiSffTiKov. (Concerning the meaning of this title, see Du Cange, Gloss. Med. et Inf. Graec.) There can be no doubt that the author was a Byzantine, and his verses are of the same light amatory character as those of Agathias, Paulus, Macedonius, and others ; but beyond this there is no other indication of his age. Jacobs rejects the supposition of Reiske, that he should be identified with the author of the Pasiphae. (Brunck, Anal. vol. ii. pp. 390,490 ; Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. iii. pp. 98,193, vol. xiii. pp. 947, 948; Fabric. Bill. Graec. vol. iv. p. 494.)
There were also two or three sophists and rhe toricians of this name, for whom a bare mention will suffice, namely, Rufinus of Cyprus, a peripa tetic philosopher, mentioned as a contemporary by Lucian (Demonact. 54. vol. ii. p. 393) ; Rufinus, of Naucratis, an illegitimate son of Apollonius of Naucratis (Philost. Vit. Sophist, ii. 19, p. 599); Rufinus, praetor of Smyrna under Severus and Caracalla, and perhaps some others. (See Olearius, ad Philost. ii. 25, p. 608 ; Fabric. Bill. Graec. vol. vi. p. 137.) [P. S.]
RUFIO. 1. A friend of Cicero, of whom nothing is known. (Cic. ad Att. v. 2. § 2.) Er-nesti supposes that Sempronius Rufus is intended (comp. ad Att. vi. 2. § 10, ad Fam. viii. 7), Rufio being the diminutive of Rufus ; but it is quite uncertain.
RUFIUS, a modeller of small terra-cotta figures (sigilla), whose name is found inscribed on the base of one of these figures, found at Perugia in 1775, in the following form, c. rufius. s. finxit, where the S, no doubt, stands for Sigil- larius. Some read the name Rupius. (Orelli, Inscr. Lat. Sel. No. 4281 ; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Schorn, pp. 398, 399.) [P. S.]
RUFO, a friend of the younger Pliny, who addresses one of his letters to him. (Ep. ix. 19.)
RUFUS, artists. 1. A painter, of whom nothing is known beyond the mention of his name in the Greek Anthology (Anth. Pal. xi. 233, vol. ii. p. 386, ed. Jacobs).
2. A gem-engraver, whose name occurs on one stone in the form POT4>OC (Raspe, No. 9823), and on a very beautiful cameo, in the Orleans cabinet, representing Aurora with the horses of the Sun, in the form POT4>OC EIIOIEI. (Pierres gravies d* Orleans, vol. i. pi. 45, pp. 195, 196 ; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Schorn, pp. 152, 153, 2d ed.) [P. S.]
RUFUS ('Poityos), the name of probably two physicians who have been sometimes confounded together, and whom it is not in every case easy to distinguish with certainty.
1. menius rufus* (Mrivios 'Pottyos), must