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.longing to the earliest period in the history of Greek art, is mentioned as the head of a family of Samian artists, the accounts respecting whom present considerable difficulties, the discussion of which belongs more properly to the articles teleclbs and theodorus. It is enough, in this place, to give as the most probable result of the inquiry, the genealogy by which MUller (Arch d. Kunst. § 60) exhibits the succession and dates of these artists.
Rhoecus, about 01. 35, b. c. 640.
Theodoras and Telecles, about 01. 45, B. c. 600-
Theodoras, about 01. 55, b. c. 560.
Respecting Rhoecus himself we are informed that he was the first architect of the great temple of Hera at Samos (Herod, iii. 60), which Theo- dorus completed ; and also, in conjunction with Siriilis and Theodorus, of the labyrinth at Lemnos (Plin. H. N. xxxvi. 13, s. 19. § 3) ; that he, and the members of his family who succeeded him, invented the art of casting statues in bronze and iron (Pans. viii. 14. § 5, s. 8 ; Plin. PL N. xxxv. 12, s. 43), and that there still existed, at the time of Pausanias, in the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, a bronze statue of rude antique workmanship, which was said to represent night, and to have been the work of Rhoecus. (Paus. x. 38. § 3, s. 6.) [P. S.]
RHOEMETALCES L, ('Po^raA^s), king of Thrace, was the brother of Cotys [No. 4], of Rhascuporis [No. 2J, and uncle and guardian of Rhascuporis [No. 3]. On his nephew's death, b. c. 13, Rhoemetalces was expelled from Thrace, and driven into the Chersonesus, by Vologaeses, chief of the Thracian Bessi. About two years afterwards L. Piso, praetor of Pamphylia, drove the Bessi from the Chersonesus, and Rhoemetalces received from Augustus his nephew's dominions, with some additions, since Tacitus calls him king of all Thrace. On his death Augustus divided his kingdom between his son Cotys [No. 5], and his brother Rhascuporis [No. 2]. (Tac. Ann. ii. 64 ; Dion Cass. liv. 20, 34 ; comp. Veil. Pat. ii. 98.) On the obverse of the annexed coin is the head of Augustus, and on the reverse that of Rhoeme talces and his wife. [W. B. D.]
COIN OF RHOEMETALCES I., KING OF THRACE.
RHOEMETALCES II. ('Poi^r^A/ojs), king of Thrace, was the son of Rhascuporis [No. 2] and nephew of the preceding. On the deposition of his father, whose ambitious projects he had opposed Rhoemetalces shared with the sons of Cotys [No. 5] the kingdom of Thrace. He remained faithful to Rome, and aided in putting down the Thracian malcontents in a. d. 26. Caligula, in a. d. 38
assigned the whole of Thrace to Rhoemetalces, and gave Armenia Minor to the son of Cotys. [cotys, No. 6.1 (Dion Cass. lix. 12 ; Tac. Ann. ii. 67, iii. 38, iv. 5, 47, xi. 9.) On the obverse of the annexed coin is the head of Caligula, and on the reverse that of Rhoemetalces. [W. B. D.I
COIN OF RHOEMETALCES II., KING OF THRACE.
RHOEMETALCES, king of Bosporus, in the reigns of Hadrian and Antoninus Pius, since the heads of both of these emperors appear on his coins. He is mentioned by Capitolinus in his life of Antoninus Pius (c. 9). It is the head of the same emperor which is on the obverse of the annexed coin. (Eckhel, vol. ii. p. 378.)
COIN OF RHOEMETALCES, KING OF BOSPORUS.
RHOEO ('Poicc). 1. A daughter of Staphylus and Chrysothemis, was beloved by Apollo. When her father discovered that she was with child, he put her in a chest, and exposed her to the waves of the sea. The chest floated to the coast of Euboea (or Delos), where Rhoeo gave birth to Anius (Diod. v. 62 ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 570). Subsequently she was married to Zarex. (Tzetz. ad Lycopli. 580.)
RHOETEIA ('Pon-ei'a), a daughter of the Thracian king Sithon and Achiroe, a daughter of Neilos. She was a sister of Pallene, and the Trojan promontory of Rhoeteium was believed to have derived its name from her. (Tzetz. ad Ly~ copJi. 583,1161 ; Steph. Byz. s. v.) [L. S.]
3. A companion of Phineas, was slain by Perseus. (Ov. Met. v. 38.)
4. A mythical king of the Marrubians in Italy, who married a second wife Casperia, with whom his son Anchemolus committed incest. In order to escape from his father's vengeance, Anchemolus fled to king Daunus. (Serv. ad Aen. x. 388.) [L. S.]