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On this page: Reposianus – Restio – Restitutus – Rex – Rhadamanthus



REPOSIANUS, the name prefixed to a poem, first published by Burmann, extending to 182 hex­ameter lines, and entitled, " Concubitus Martis et Veneris." With regard to the author nothing is known/ Unless we attribute some inaccuracies in metre and some peculiarities in phraseology to a corrupt text, we must conclude that he belongs to a late epoch, but the piece is throughout replete with grace and spirit, and presents a series of brilliant pictures. Wernsdorf imagines, that for Reposianus we ought to read Nepotianus, merely because the former designation does not elsewhere occur ; but this conjecture being altogether unsup­ported by evidence, will be received with favour by but few. The verses are to be found in Burmann, Anthol. Led. i. 72, or No. 559, ed. Meyer ; see also Wernsdorf, Poet. Lot. Min. vol. iv. par. i. pp. 52, 319, vol. v. par. iii. pp. 1470, 1477. [W. R.]

RESTIO, A'NTIUS. 1. The author of a sumptuary law, which, besides limiting the expence of entertainments, enacted that no magistrate or magistrate elect should dine abroad anywhere ex­cept at the houses of certain persons. This law, however, was little observed ; and we are told that Antius never dined out afterwards, that lie might not see his own law violated. We do not know in what year this law was passed ; but it was sub­sequent to the sumptuary law of the consul Aemi-lius Lepidus, B. c. 78, and before the one of Caesar (Gell. ii. 24 ; Macrob. Sat. ii. 13).

2. Probably a son of the preceding, was pro­scribed by the triumvirs in n. c. 43, but was pre­served by the fidelity of a slave, and by his means escaped to Sex. Pompeius in Sicily. (Val. Max. vi. 8. § 7 ; Appian, B. C. iv. 43 ; Macrob. Sat. i. 11.)

The name of C. Antius Restio occurs on several coins, a specimen of which is annexed. On the obverse is the head of a man, and on the reverse Hercules, holding in one hand a club, and in the other a trophy, with the skin of a lion thrown across his arm. It is conjectured that the head on the obverse is that of the proposer of the sump­tuary law mentioned above [No. 1], and that the coin was struck by his son [No. 2]. (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 139.)


RESTITUTUS, CLAUDIUS, an orator of considerable reputation in the reign of Trajan, was a friend of the younger Pliny, and is likewise cele­brated by Martial in an epigram on the anniver­sary of his birth-day. (Plin. Ep. iii. 9. § 16, vi. 17, vii. 1 ; Martial, x. 87.)

REX, MA'RCIUS. 1. Q. marcius rex, tribune of the plebs b.c. 196, proposed to the people to make peace with Philip. (Liv. xxxiii. 25.)

2. P. marcius rex, was sent by the senate with two colleagues on a mission to the consul C. Cassius Longinus, in b.c. 171. (Liv. xliii. 1.)


3. Q. marcius rex, praetor b. c. 144, was commissioned by the senate to build an aqueduct, and in order that he might complete it, his im-perium was prolonged for another year. This aqueduct, known by the name of Aqua Mama, was one of the most important, and is spoken of at length in the Dictionary of Antiquities (p. 110, 2d ed.). (Frontin. de Aquaed. 12 ; Plin. H. N. xxxi. 3. s. 24 ; Plut. Coriol. 1.)

4. Q. marcius Q. p. Q. n. rex, consul b. c. 118, with M. Porcius Cato. The colony of Narbo Martins in Gaul was founded in this year. Marcius carried on war against the Stoeni, a Ligurian people at the foot of the Alps, and obtained a triumph in the following year on account of his victories over them. Marcius lost during his con­sulship his only son, a youth of great promise, but had such mastery over his feelings as to meet the senate on the day of his son's burial, and perform his regular official duties (Plin. H. N. ii. 31 ; Gell. xiii. 19 ; Liv. Epit. 62; Oros. v. 14 ; Fasti Capit.; Val. Max. v. 10. § 3). The sister of this Marcius Rex married C. Julius Caesar, the grandfather of the dictator. [marcia, No. 2.]

5. Q. marcius Q. f. rex, probably a grand­son of No. 4, was consul b. c. 68, with L. Caecilius Metellus. His colleague died at the commence­ment of his year of office, and as no consul was elected in his place, we find the name of Marcius Rex in the Fasti with the remark, solus consulatum gessit. He was proconsul in Cilicia in the follow­ing year, and there refused assistance to Lucullus, at the instigation of his brother-in-law, the cele­brated P. Clodius, whom Lucullus had offended. In b. c. 66, Marcius had to surrender his province and army to Pompeius in compliance with the Lex Manilla. On his return to Rome he sued for a triumph, but as obstacles were thrown in the way by certain parties, he remained outside the city to prosecute his claims, and was still there when the Catilinarian conspiracy broke out in b. c. 63. The senate sent him to Faesulae, to watch the move­ments of C. Mallius or Manlius, Catiline's general. Mallius sent proposals of peace to Marcius, but the latter refused to listen to his terms unless he con­sented first to lay down his arms (Dion Cass. xxxv. 4, 14, 15, 17, xxxvi. 26, 31 ; Cic. in Pison. 4 ; Sail. Hist. 5, Cat. 30, 32—34). Marcius Rex married the eldest sister of P. Clodius [claudia, No. 7J. He died before b.c. 61, without leaving his brother-in-law the inheritance he had expected (Cic. ad AH. i. 16. § 10).

REX, RU'BRIUS, probably a false reading in Appian (B. C. ii. 113) for Rubrius Ruga.


RHADAMANTHUS (€Po5a/*ay0o$), a son of Zeus and Europa, and brother of king Minos of Crete (Horn. //. xiv. 322), or, according to others, a son of Hephaestus (Paus. viii. 53. § 2). From fear of his brother he fled to Ocaleia in Boeotia, and there married Alcmene. In consequence of his justice throughout life, he became, after his death, one of the judges in the lower world, and took up his abode in Elysium. (Apollod. iii. 1. § 2, ii. 4. § 11 ; Horn. Od. iv. 564, vii. 323 ; Find. 01. ii. 137 ; comp. gortys.) [L. S.] RHADAMISTUS. [arsacidae, p. 362, b.] RHAMNU'SIA ('Pa^oycrt'aJ, a surname of Nemesis, who had a celebrated temple at Rhamnus in Attica. (Paus. i. 33. § 2, vii. 5. § 3 ; Strab ix. p. 396, &c. ; Steph. Byz. s. v.) [L. S.]

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