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PIIILOCHORUS.

was said to have made, was really the work of Pollio, as we can hardly imagine that the latter would have drawn up an abridgement, when one was already in existence, compiled by the author himself ; but to this it has been replied that Pollio's epitome was intended for the Romans, while the one made by Philochorus himself was. of course, designed for the Greeks.

3. Tlpos tt\v Arffjiowos 'Arfli'Sa or 77 irpos A?f-fjuava, dvriypa<pi] (comp. Harpocrat. 5. v. 'He-nwj/fa). It is stated by Vossius (ibid. p. 155), and repeated by subsequent writers, that Philochorus wrote his Atthis against Demon's ; but this is hardly war­ranted by the words either of Suidas or Harpo-cration. It would appear only that Philochorus wrote a separate treatise, under the title given above, to point out the errors of Demon.

4. TIfpl tuv *kQr\vr}Gi ap^dvrw diro 2,<*)KpaTi-Sov pexpi 'ATroAAoSeypou. Socratides was archon b. c. 374 ; there are two archons of the name of Apollodorus, one b. c. 350, the other b. c. 319 ; of these the latter is probably the one intended, be­cause, from the year b. c. 319 began the contem­porary portion of his history. This work appears to have been intended to remove difficulties in the way of the chronology of that period, and was thus preparatory to his history.

5. 5OAu,u7rta5es ev &i€\iois ft'. Philochorus, in his Atthis, did not use the Olympiads as a reckon­ing of time ; but, as he paid particular attention to chronology, he drew up this work, probably in­fluenced by the example of Timaeus.

6. Tlepl rrjs rerpaTroAew?, that is, the towns of Oenoe, Marathon, Probalinthus, and Tricorythus. (Athen. vi. p. 235, d. ; Suid. s. v. Tirana 7^; Schol. ad Soph. Oed. Col. 1102.)

7. 'Eiriypd/j.ju.aTa ' attiko., that is, a collection of Attic inscriptions, and no doubt chiefly such as served to elucidate the history of Attica. (Comp. Bockh, Corp. Inscr. vol. i. p. viii.)

8. 'HTrejpam/ca, omitted by Suidas in his list of the works of Philochorus, but mentioned by the lexicographer in another passage (s. v. Bot^era ; comp. Strab. vii. p. 379).

9. Ar?A:aa:a, /3i§Ata ft. (Clem. Alex. Admon, ad Gent. pp. 18, d. 30, d. ed. Sylb.)

10. Tlepl r<av ''h.Qr\Vf)(ri dywvtoi' @i€\ia i£'. (Comp. Krause, Olympia, p. xi.)

11. Tlepl eoprcov, omitted by Suidas, but quoted by Harpocration (s. vv. 'AAwa, Xvrpoi).

12. Tlepl TJjUepwj/, also omitted by Suidas. It gave an account of the sacred days, and explained the reason of their sanctity. (Proclus, ad Hes. Op. 770.) •

13. Tlepl S-vvioSv a', a book of a similar nature to the preceding, giving an account of sacrifices.

14. Tlepl (Uaj/Ti/ojs 5'. In this work Philo­chorus made a collection of the ancient oracles, and explained the various modes of Divinatio (Clem. Alex. Strom. i. p. 334, d. Sylb.; Athen. xiv. p. 648, d.). The Tlepl (ru,u£oAa>j', mentioned by Suidas as a separate work, was probably only part of the TJepl p.avriK7]s9 since av/j.€o\a are only a species of divinatio.

15. Flepi /ca0ap|U«i>, probably contained a col­lection of the Ka.8apiJ.oi., purifications or expiations, which Musaeus and Orpheus are said to have in­vented.

16. Tlepl /j.vffT'npiwv twv *KQrivr](n.

17. Ilepl 'A.\Kfji$.vos.

18. Tic-pi reef ^§o^)OKAeous /j.vQuv j3i£Aia e'.

PHILOCLES.

19. Tlepl EvpiiriSov, gave an account of the life of Euripides, vindicated him from, the attacks which had been made against him, and explained the principles on which his tragedies were con­structed. (Suidas, s. v. Evpnrfirjs ; Diog. Lat'rt. ii. 44, ix. 55 ; Gell. xv. 20.)

20. ^vvaywyrj ypwifioov, tfroi TlvOayopclc/ov yu-vaiKvv, probably gave an account of the lives of the illustrious Pythagorean women, such as Theano, Melissa, &c.

21. 'H irpos "AAtrroz/ e^ncr-roAr?, seems to have related to some points connected with the worship of the gods. ( Phot. Lex. s. v. t^ott^a.!.?.)

22. 'ETTiTO^T) T7JS AiOJ/V(TlOV TTpay/LLaT^laS 1T€pl

itp£v. It is uncertain who this Dionysius was.

23. 'Sa.Xajjuvos Kriais.

(Philochori Atheniensis Librorum Fragmenta a Lenzio collecta, ed. Siebelis, Lips. 1811; Frag­menta Plistoricorum Graecorum, ed. Car. et Theod. MUller, Paris, 1841, pp. Ixxxiv. &c. Ixxxviii. &c. 384, &c.)

PHILOCLES (3>i\oK\fjs}, historical, 1. An Athenian, who, together with Adeimantus, was joined with Conon in the command of the fleet on the-deposition of the generals who had conquered at Arginusae (b.c. 406). Philocles was the author of the proposal for the mutilation of all the prisoners who should be taken in the sea-fight which the Athenians contemplated ; but it seems doubtful whether the decree in question was passed in an assembly at Athens, or in one held at Aegospotami before the battle ; also whether it determined on the amputation of the right thumb, according to Plutarch, or the right hand, as Xenophon tells us. The same spirit of cruelty was exhibited by Phi­locles on the capture of a Corinthian and Andrian trireme, the crews of which he ordered to be thrown down a precipice. In retribution for these deeds he was slain at Lampsacus by Lysander, into whose hands he had fallen at the battle of Aegospotami in b.c. 405 (Xen. Hell. i. 7. § 1, ii. 1. §§ 30—32 ; Diod. xiii. 104—106 ; Pint. Lys. 9, 13 ; comp. Cic. de Of. iii. 11 ; Ael. V. //. ii. 9 ; ThirlwalPs Greece, vol. iv. pp. 148, &c.)

2. An officer and friend of Philip V. of Macedon. In b. c. 200, when Philip was compelled by At­tains I. and the Rhodians to winter in Caria, Philocles was with him, and formed a plan, which did not, however, succeed, for gaining possession of the town of Mylasa. In the same year he was sent by Philip into Attica to ravage the country, and made an unsuccessful attempt on Eleusis, and also afterwards, in conjunction with Philip, on Athens and the Peiraeeus. In b.c. 198 he was stationed at Chalcis in Euboea, and failed in an endeavour to succour Eretria, which the combined forces of the Romans, the Rhodians, and Attains were besieging, and which was taken by them very shortly after the repulse of Philocles. In the same year, however, he compelled L. Quintius Flamininus and Attalus to raise the siege of Co­rinth, having brought up through Boeotia to the promontory of Juno Acraea, just opposite Sicyon, a reinforcement of 1500 men ; and in consequence of this success he was invited to Argos by the Macedonian party in the town, and made himself master of it. In the war between Prusias arid Eumenes II. of Pergamus, Philip sided with the former, and sent Philocles to his court to negotiate with him, and also to Rome to'explain and defend his conduct. In b. c. 184 Philocles and Apelles

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