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the form of a dialogue between the soul and the body. It is addressed to another monk, Callinicus ; and begins with these two lines : —

TIws Koidr) ; irws



crov 7rs7rA?7pa>Tcu ' e|6A0e rov (rapitiov.

The work, in its complete state, consisted of five books; but most of the MSS. are mutilated or otherwise defective, and want the first book. Some of them have been interpolated by a later hand. Michael Psellus, not the older writer of that name, who died about a. d. 1078, but one of later date, wrote a preface and notes to the Dioptra of Philip. A Latin prose translation of the Dioptra by the Jesuit Jacobus Pontanus, with notes, by another Jesuit, Jacobus Gretserus, was published, 4to. Ingoldstadt, 1604 ; but it was made from a mutilated copy, and consisted of only four books, and these, as the translator admits in his Praefatio ad Lectorem, interpolated and trans­posed ad libitum. Philip wrote also : — 2. . T<£ Kara irvsvfAa, tncp Kal tepe? Kuvffravrivct) irepl irpecrgtias ical Trpoffracrlas diro^oyos^ Epistola Apo-logetica ad Constantinum Filium Spiritualem et /Sa-cerdotem, de Differentia inter Intercessionem et Auoci-limn Sanctorum. 3. Versus Politici^ in the begin­ning of which he states with great exactness the time of his finishing the Dioptra, 12th May, A. m. 6603, era Constantinop. in the third indiction, in the tenth year of the lunar Cycle = A. d. 1095, not 1 105, as has been incorrectly stated. Cave has, without sufficient authority, ascribed to our Philip two other works, which are indeed given in a Vienna MS. (Codex 213, apud Lambec.) as Appendices to the Dioptra. One of these works (Appendix secwnda), "Or i ovk e<pay€ to vojju.kov 7ra<r%a 6 Xpurrds sv t$ 5ei7rz/&), aAAa to aXriQivov^ Demonstratio quod Christ us in Sacra Coena non legate sed verum come-derit Pascha, may have been written by Philip. Its arguments are derived from Scripture and St. Epi-phanius. The other work, consisting of five chapters, De Fide et Caeremoniis Armeniorum, Jacobitarum, Chatzitzariorum et Romanorum sen Francorum, was published, with a Latin version, but without an author's name, in the Auctarium R ovum of Com-befis, fol. Paris, 1648, vol. ii. col. 261, &c., but was, on the authorit}7- of MSS., assigned by Combefis, in a note, to Demetrius of Cyzicus [demetrius, No. 17], to whom it appears rightly to belong (comp. Cave, Plist. Lift. Dissertatio /. p. 6 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. xi. 414). The Chatzitzarii (Xar-^LT^dpioi) were a sect who paid religious homage to the image 6f the Cross, but employed no other images in their worship. The work of Demetrius appears under the name of Philip in the fourteenth (post-

His recentiores o,uoiOTeAeura, pariter eadentium exitum, quern rhythmum (rhyme) dicimus,addidere. Politicos vocatos arbitror quod vulgo Constantino-poli per compita canerentur." Quoted in Lambec. Commentar. de Biblioth. Caesar, vol. s. lib. iv. col. 397, note 2, ed. Kollar. The measure is retained in English as a ballad measure, and may be illus­trated by the old ditty of " The Unfortunate Miss Bay ley," the first two lines of which closely re­semble in their cadence those cited in the text : —

" A captain bold of Halifax, who lived in country


Seduced a maid who hung herself one morning in her garters," &c.


humous) volume of the Biblioiheca Patrum of Gal-land ; but the editors, in their Prolegomena to the volume, c. 15, observe that they knew not on what authority Galland had assigned it to Philip. Among the pieces given as Appendices to the Dioptra, are some verses in praise of the work and its author, by one Constantine, perhaps the person addressed in No. 2, and by Bestus or Vestus, a grammarian, ^tlxoi Kvpov KowaTavTij/ov kcu Beo-rou tov ypa/j.-jUcmKou, Versus Domini Constantini et Vesti Grarn-matici. (Lambecius, Commentar. de Biblioth. Cae-saraea* lib. s. vol. v. col. 76—97, and 141, codd. 213, 214, 215, and 232, ed Kollar ; Cave, Hist. Lift, ad ann. 1095, vol. ii. p. 163 ; Oudin, De Scrip-torib. Eccles. vol. ii. col. 851.)

28. sophista. [No. 13.]

29. studita. In the notice of the Adversaria Gerardi Langbaini contained in the Catalog/us MStorum Angliae et Hiberniae, vol. i. p. 269, the eighth volume of Langbaine's collection is said to contain a notice, De Philippi Studitae Historia Graeca. Of the historian or his work there is, we believe, no notice in any extant writer ; and as the preceding article in Langbaine's book is described as Scholae Alexandrinae Paedagogorum Successio, and is probably the fragment of the work of Philip of Side, already noticed [No. 26], we suspect that " Studitae" is an error for " Sidetae," and that the Historia Graeca is no other than his Historia Christiana, which is termed Graeca, not because it treats of Grecian affairs, but is written in the Greek language. (Catal. MStorum Angliae, fyc. I. c. ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. xi. p. 709.)

30. Of theangela (6 ©eayyeXevs), a writer cited byAthenaeus (vi. p. 271, b) and by Strabo (xiv. p. 662). He wrote a history of Caria, the title or description of which is thus given by Athenaeus (/. c.), Tiepl Kap£v koi Ae\syc»>v <rvyypa/m/*a\ and by Strabo more briefly, KapiKa. The work is lost. Theangela, from which Philip received his desig­nation, apparently as being a native of it, was a city on the most eastern promontory of Caria, not far from Halicarnassus. Of the age of Philip nothing is known, except that he was earlier than Strabo ; but if there is any reason for identifying him with Philip Isangelus (o EtVcryyeAeus), men­tioned by Plutarch (No. 14), he must be placed after the time of Alexander the Great. (Vossius, De Hist. Graec. lib. iii.)

31. theopompi epitomator. (Comp. Photius, BibliotJi. cod. 176.)

32. Of thessalonica. [See below.] [J.C.M.] PHILIPPUS, of Thessalonica, an epigram­matic poet, who, besides composing a large number of epigrams himself, compiled one of the ancient Greek Anthologies. The whole number of epi­grams ascribed to him in the Greek Anthology is nearly ninety ; but of these, six (Nos. 36—41) ought to be ascribed to Luciliius, and a few others are manifestly borrowed from earlier poets, while others are mere imitations. [Comp. above, phi­lippus, literary, Nos. 10 and 15.] They include nearly all the different classes of subjects treated of in the Greek epigrammatic poetry.

The Anthology ('Ai^0oAo7/a) of Philip, in imi­tation of that of Meleager, and as a sort of supple­ment to it, contains chiefly the epigrams of poets who lived in, or shortly before, the time of Philip. These poets were the following: Antipater of Thessalonica, Crinagoras, Antiphilus, Tullius, Phi-lodemus, Parmenion, Antiphanes, Automedon

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