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On this page: Paciacus – Paciaecus – Pacianus – Pacideianus – Pacidii – Pacilus – Paconianus – Paconius – Pacorus



edition of Aristotle (1597). The first separate edition, with a Latin translation, was published by J. Schegk, Paris, 1629, 12mo.

6. Hapd^pacris ets to. rov dytov Aiovvaiov rov ApeoTrayirov zvpia'Koit.sva., which the author wrote at the suggestion of Athanasius, patriarch of Alexandria. Editions : Greek, by Gulielmus Morellus, Paris, 1561 ; Greek and Latin, in the two editions of the works of Dionysius Areopagita, by Petrus Lansselius, Paris, 1615, fol., and by B. Corderius, Antwerp, 1634, fol. ,

7. De Processions Spiritus Sancti, in Leo Allatius, Graecia Orthodox a; a short treatise.

8. "EKtypatfis rou Avyovfrrcuvos, a description of the column erected by Justinian the Great in commemoration of his victories over the Persians, in the church of St. Sophia in Constantinople. It was published by Boivin in his Notes to Nice-phorus Gregoras.

9. Several minor works.

(Leo Allatius, Diatriba de Georgiis; Hankius, Script. Byzant.; Fabric. Bill. Grace, vol. vii. p. 775, &c.) [W. P.]

PACIACUS, L. JU'NIUS, served under Caesar in the Spanish war, b. c. 45, and was sent by Caesar with six cohorts and some cavalry to strengthen Ulia, which was besieged by Cn. Pom-pey. (Auct. B. Hisp. 3 ; Cic. ad Fam. vi. 18, ad Att. xii. 2.) Paciacus, which Drumann preserves (Gescli. Roms, vol. iv. p. 52), is hardly a Roman name. Orelli reads Paciaecus, which is preferable; but it may perhaps be Pacianus, a name which occurs elsewhere sometimes with one c and some­times with two. [paccianus, pacianus.]

PACIACUS, VI'BIUS, sheltered M. Crassus in Spain, when he fled thither to escape the pro­scription of Marius and Cinna. (Pint. Crass. 4.) In this name also, as in that of Junius Paciacus, we ought perhaps to read Pacianus.

PACIAECUS. [paciacus.]

PACIANUS, bishop of Barcelona, in Spain, flourished a. d. 370, and died at an advanced age, under Theodosius. Jerome describes him (de Vir. lllustr. p. 192, Francf. 1684) as renowned for his chastity and eloquence, and says that he wrote several works, of which he expressly mentions those against the Novatians, and one entitled KepSas. A work of Pacianus against the Novatians is still extant, in the form of three letters addressed to a Novatian of the name of Sempronius. The work called by Jerome /cepgoy, that is cenius^ for the former has by some accident got into the text from the Greek version, is no longer extant ; but Pa­cianus tells us, in a treatise of his which has come down to us, and which is entitled Paraenesis sive Eixhortatorius Libdlus ad Poenilentiam, that he had written a book called Ccrvulus. We also possess a work of Pacianus on Baptism, intended for the use of catechumens. The works of Pacianus have been published by Tilius, Paris, 1538 ; by Paulus Manutius, Rome, 1564 ; and in the Bill. Pair. Maxim, vol. iv. pp. 305—319.

Pacianus had a son, Flavins Dexter, a friend of Jerome, who dedicated to him his work, De Vins Tllustribus. [FLAVius, p. 174, b.]

PACIDEIANUS, a gladiator mentioned in a passage of Lucilius, which is quoted or referred to more than once by Cicero (Opt. gen. orat. 6, Tusctd. iv. 21, ad Qu. Fr. iii. 4. § 2).

PACIDII, two generals of the Pompeian party in Africa under Scipio, one of whom fell


in* the battle of Tegea, b.c. 46 (Hirt. B. Ajr. 13, 78).

M. PACFLIUS, described by Cicero as "homo egens et levis," was the accuser of Sthenius before Verres (Cic. Verr. ii. 38, 40). The Pacitiana domus, which Q. Cicero wished to purchase, must have belonged to a different Pacilius. (Cic. ad Att. i. 14. § 7.)

PACILUS, a family name of the patrician Furia gens.

1. C. furius pacilus Fusus, consul b. c. 441 with M'. Papirius Crassus (Liv. iv. 12). He was censor b. c. 435 with M. Geganius Macerinus : the events of his censorship are given under mace­rinus, No. 3. (Liv. iv. 22, 24, ix. 33, 31.) Ho was one of the consular tribunes in b.c. 426, and was unsuccessful in a battle against the Veientines (Liv. iv. 31).

2. C. furius pacilus, son of the preceding, was consul b. c. 412 with Q. Fabius Vibulanus Ambustus (Liv. iv. 52).

3. C. furius C. f. C. n. pacilus (Fasti Capit.), was consul B. c. 251 with L. Caecilius Metellus in the first Punic war. The history of their con­sulship is given under metellus, No. 1.

PACONIANUS, SE'XTIUS, one of the bold and unscrupulous agents of Sejanus, was involved in the fall of his master, to the great joy of the senators, whose secrets he had frequently betrayed. He was sentenced to death in A. d. 32, unless lie gave information ; but in consequence of his doing so, the sentence was not carried into execution. He remained in prison till a. d. 35, in which year he was strangled on account of his having written some libellous verses against Tiberius while in confinement. (Tac. 3, 4, 39.)

PACONIUS. 1. M. paconius, a Roman eques, violently deprived of his property by the tribune Clodius. (Cic. pro Mil. 27.)

2. paconius, described by Cicero as some My-sian or Phrygian, who complained of Q. Cicero (Cic. ad Q,u. Fr. i. 1. § 6). Perhaps we ought to read Paeonius.

3. M. paconius, a legatus of Silanus, proconsul of Asia, was one of his accusers in A. d. 22. Pa­eonius was afterwards put to death by Tiberius on a charge of treason. He was the father of Pa­eonius Agrippinus. (Tac. Ann. iii. 67 ; Suet, Tib. 61.)

4. paconius agiuppinus. [agrippinus, p. 82, a,]

PACORUS (na;copo$), a common Parthian name.

1. The son of Orodes I. (Arsaces XIV.), king of Parthia. His history is given under arsaces XIV., p. 356.

2. A contemporary of Pacorus, the son of Orodes [No. 1], was one of the royal cup-bearers. After Pacorus, the son of Orodes, had conquered Saxa, Antony's quaestor (b. c. 40), and had overrun a great part of Syria, Antigonus, the son of Aristo-bulus, applied to him for help to restore him to the Jewish throne. This request was immediately complied with ; and Pacorus, the cup-bearer, was sent with a large force against Jerusalem. The city surrendered: Hyrcanus andPhasael were taken prisoners, and Herod fled to Rome. (Joseph. Anliq. xiv. 1 3, B. Jud. i. 13 ; comp. hyrcanus. p. 544. b.) Dion Cassius, who makes no mention of Pa­corus, the cup-bearer, attributes this expedition to the son of Orodes (xlviii. 26) ; and Tacitus in Hive

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