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mis et Sabbatorum Jejunio,. et Nuptiis Sacerdotum, which others ascribe to Nicetas Pectoratus. (Cave, Hist. Liter. D. p. 14.)

9. paphlago, david, perhaps bishop of Da-dybri in Paphlagonia, lived about 880, and became known by his attachment to the patriarch Ignatius, and by his attacks upon Photius. He wrote : — • 1. Vita S. Ignatii Patriarchate, Graece et Latine, in Raderus (Acta Concilii, 8vo. Ingolstadt, 1004j 4to.) ; and also in the 8th vol. of Concilia. 2. Apo-stolorum XII. Encomia, XII. 3. Orationes, viz. in Marcum Evangelistam, in Nativitatein S. Mariae, in Exaltationem S. Crucis, in S. Gregorium Theo-logum, Oratio Panegyrica in S. HyacintJium Ama-strensem Martyrem, all of which together with the Encomia Apostol. were published with a Latin translation by Combefis in Novissimum Auctuarium, Paris, 1672, fol. 4. Oratio Panegyrica in inclytum Marly rem Ewtathium, &c. ed. Graece et Lat. with notes by Combefis, in Ittustrium Chrysti Martyrum TriumpM, Paris, 1660, 8vo. 5. Historia Apo-crypha, lost. Nicephorus Callistus borrowed freely from it for his Historia Eccles. 6. Liber pro Synodo Chakedonensi adversus Epistolam Regis Ar-meniae9 more probably the work of Nicetas by-zantinus [No. 3]. 7. Commentarii in Gregor. Nazianzeni Tetrasticha et Monosticka, perhaps the work of Nicetas Serron. The text, Venice, 1563, 4to.; a Latin version, Imola, 1588, 8vo. 7. Several hymns and minor productions. (Cave, Hist. Liter. ad an. 880; Fabric. Bibl. Grace, vol. vii. p. 747.)

10. pectoratus or stethatus (S-njflaros), (Sterno), a monk of Constantinople, lived in the middle of the 1 1th century, and became known through his violent opposition to the union of the two churches, and his attacks upon Cardinal Humbertus and the other legates of the Pope at Constantinople. He wrote : — 1. Liber adversus Latinos de Azymis et Sabbatorum Jejunio, et Nup-tiis Sacerdotum^ ascribed by some to Nicetas Nicaeanus. It was published by Basnage in the 3d vol. of Canisius, Lection. Antiq., and also by Baronius in the Appendix to the llth vol. of the Annales. 2. Tractatus de Anima, extant in MS. 3. Carmen in Symeonem juniorem, ed. Graece Leo Allatius in his Diatriba de Symeon. 4. Some minor productions extant in MSS. (Cave, Hist. Liter, ad an. 1050 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vii. p. 753.)

11. rhetor, perhaps identical with Nicetas Paphlago. Among other productions the following are ascribed to him : • — 1. Several Orations known to Leo Allatius. 2. Diatriba in gloriosum Mar-tyrem Pantieleemonem. 3. De Certamine et de Inventione, $c. Reliquiarum S. Stepliani Proto-martyris. 4. Encomium in Magnum Nicliolaum Myrobleptem et Thaumaturgum. None of these have been published. (Cave, Hist. Liter. D. p.

12. scutariota, a native of Scutari, opposite Constantinople, of uncertain age, wrote : — 1. Ho-miliae III. 2. Scliolid sive Annotationes in Nicetae Acominati Tliesaurum Orthodox. 3. Epistolae, De Arte Rhetorica, poems and other minor productions extant in MSS. in Paris and elsewhere. (Cave, Hist. Liter. D. p. 1 5 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vii. p. 755.)

13. seidus, a violent opponent of the Latins, against whom he wrote a small work, a Latin translation of which begins "Non simpliciter an-tiqua novis venerabiliora, &c., and of which Leo


Allatius gives some fragments in De Consensu., L 14. (Cave, Hist. Liter, ad an. 1110.)

14. serron, archbishop of Serrae or Seres in Macedonia, and afterwards of Heracleia, lived in the llth century, and has often, by Leo Allatius for instance, been confounded with Nicetas Paph­lago. He wrote : — 1. Commentarii in XVI. Na~ zianzeni Orationes, published ad calcem Operum Nazianzeni^ and separately, under the name of Nicetas David Paphlago, Venice, 1563, 4 to. 2. Responsa Canonica ad Interrogations cujusdam Constantini Episcopi, Graece et Latine in Leun-clavius, Jus Graeco-Roman. 3. Catena in Jobum, a compilation ascribed by some to one Olympio-dorus. Edit.: A Latin version, by Paulus Comitolus, Venice, 1587, 4to.; Graece et Latine, by Patricius Junius, London, 1637, fol. 4. Ca­tenae in Lucam, Matihaeum aliosque, perhaps. (Cave, Hist. Liter, ad an. 1077; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. viii. p. 431; Hamberger, Nacliricliten von gelehrten M'dnnem.)

15. thessalonicensis, was archbishop of Thessalonica, arid wrote Dialogi Sex de Pro- cessione Spiritus Sancti^ of which Leo Allatius gives a fragment in Contra Hottinger. Nicetas of Thessalonica lived about 1200; he has often been confounded with Nicetas Acominatus. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vii. p. 756.) [W. P.]

NICETAS, or, as his name is variously written, Nicaeas or Niceas, or Nicetus or Nicetius, was by birth a Dacian, and bishop of a city called by ecclesiastical writers Civitas Romatiana or Remes-sianensis, situated in Maesia, somewhere between Naissus and Sardica. This prelate visited Italy towards the close of the fourth century, and having repaired to Nola for the purpose of visiting the sepulchre of St. Felix, there gained the good-will of Paulinus, who celebrates, in a poem still extant, the high talents and virtues of his friend, and the zeal with which he laboured in preaching the Gospel among the barbarians. Nicetas paid a second visit to Nola A. d. 402, and it appears from an epistle of Pope Innocentius I. (n. xvii. ed. Constant), where he is numbered among the dig­nitaries of Macedonia, that he was alive in 414.

Considerable confusion has been occasioned by the mistake of Baronius, who supposed that Ni­cetas the Dacian, mentioned in the Roman Mar-tyrology under 7th January, was a different person from' the Nicaeas Romatianae civitatis episcopits of Gennadius, and that the latter was the same with the Nicaeas of Aquileia, to whom a letter was addressed by Leo the Great in A. d. 458, — an hypothesis which forced him to prove that Aquileia bore the name of Civitas Romatiana. But the re­searches of Holstein, Quesnel and Tillemont have set the question at rest.

Gennadius informs us that Nicetas composed in a plain but elegant style instructions for those who were preparing for baptism, in six books, of which tie gives the arguments, and also Ad Lapsam Vir-ginem Libellus. Of these, the former is certainly lost, but we find among the works of St. Jerome (vol. xi. p. 178, ed.Vallarsi, vol. v. ed Bened.), a tract entitled Objurgatio ad Susannam Lapsam^ and among the works of St. Ambrose (vol. ii. p. 301. ed. Bened.) the same piece under the name Tractatus ad Vir-ginem Lapsam, although it can be proved by the most convincing arguments that neither of these divines could have been the author. Hence it waC conjectured by Cotelerius that it might, in reality,

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