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NICEPHORUS.

Latin by Anastasius Bibliothecarius, and this version is contained in the Fabrot edition of the Ecclesiastical History of Anastasius, Paris, 1649, fol. It is also in most of the Biblioth. Patrum, and was published separately by Anton. Contius, Paris, 1573, 4 to. J. Cameraiius made another translation, which was published together with his Commentariit Sfc. de Synod. Nicaean., Basel, 1561, fol. often reprinted. Further, the Greek text by Jos. Scaliger, in his Thesaurus Temporum, Leiden, 1606, fol. ; Greek and Latin by J. Goarius, ad calcem Chron. EuseUi. Paris, 1652, fol. Venice, 1729, fol. 3. 'Aj/Ti/5p7jTi/c(wj/ Adyot III., of which the first, Adversus Mammonam (id est, Constantine Copro-nymus) et Iconomachos was published by Ganisius, in the fourth vol. of hhAntiq. Lection., and inmost of the Biblioth. Pair. ; ample fragments of the Antirrlietica are in Gombefis, Bibl. Auctuar. Paris, 1648. fol. 4. 2jTt%0|UeTp£a, s. Indiculus Libr. Sacror., the text with a translation by Anastasius Bibliothecarius, in Petri Pithoei Opera Posthuma, Paris, 1609, 4to.; also by Pearson, in his Critic. Sacr. Pearson, in Vindicia Ignatii, thinks that the Stichometria was written by somebody who lived before our Nicephorus. 5. Confessio Fidei ad Leonem IIL Papam ; a Latin version in Baronius, Annales, ad an. 811 ; Greek and Latin, in A eta Synod. EpJies. Heidelberg, 1591, fol., together witli Zonaras, Paris, 1620, and elsewhere. 6. Canones Breviculi XVII., Greek and Latin, in the third book of Leunclavius, Jus Graec. Rom., also in the second book of Bonfmius, Jus Orientate, 1583, 8vo. 7. Canones (alii) XXX'VII., Greek and Latin, in the third vol. of Cotelerius, Monument. Ecclesiae Graec. 8. Epistola continens XVII. Interrogationes de Re Canonica cum Responsionibus, ibid.

Bandurius intended to publish all the works of Nicephorus, and after completing all preparatory labours and making his work fit for the press, he published a "Conspectus," Paris, 1705, 8vo. Death prevented him from bringing out this edition of Nicephorus, which, according to the best know­ledge of the writer of this article, is still in MS. in Paris: its publication is a great desideratum. The Eknchus Operum NicepTiori given by Fabrjcius (vol. vii. p. 612, &c.) is taken from the " Con­spectus," and we refer those students to it who wish to form an adequate idea of the number and importance of the works of Nicephorus. (Cave, Hist. Lit. ad an. 806 ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vii. p. 462, &c. 603, &c. 612, &c. ; Hankius, Script. Byzant.)

10. philosophus, lived about 900, at Constan­tinople, where he enjoyed great esteem for his learning and genius. He wrote Oratio Panegyrica, s. Vita Antonii Caulei (Cauleae) Patriarch. CP., who died in 891 (895), which is printed in Bol-landii Acta Sanct., ad diem 12 Februarii. He is perhaps also the author of 'OKrarevxos, s. Catena in Octateuclmm et Libros Regum, which is ascribed to one Nicephorus Hieromonachus. The Octa-teuchus waspublished at Venice, 1772—1773,2 vols. fol., with a Latin version and a commentary: in the title there stands Leipzig, without a date. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vii. p. 610 ; Cave, Hist. Lit. ad an. 895.)

11. presbyter Magnae Ecclesiae S. Sophiae CP., of uncertain age* wrote "Vita S. Andreae,'' surnamed 6 <raAos (Simplex), ed. Greek and Latin, in Acta Sanctor. ad 28 diern Maii. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. vii. p. 675.)

NICETAS.

12.' uranus, s. oranus, of uncertain ago, wrote Vita S. Symeonis Stylitae junioris, who died in 597 (in Acta Sanctor. ad 24 diem Maii). [ W. P.]

NICERATUS (N/KT/Varos). 1. The father of Nicias, the celebrated Athenian general. (Thuc. iii. 91 ; and passim.)

2. A son of Nicias, was put to death by the thirty tyrants, to whom his great wealth was no doubt a temptation. Theramenes, in his defence, as reported by Xenophon, mentions the murder of Niceratus as one of the acts which tended neces­ sarily to alienate all moderate men from the govern­ ment. On his death his wife slew herself to avoid falling into the power of the tyrants. Niceratus is spoken of as a man of very mild and benevolent disposition, and generally beloved. From Demos­ thenes we learn also that he was of a feeble con­ stitution, and was childless ; but the latter state­ ment (if the reading airais be the right one) is in­ consistent with the account in Lysias (Xen. Hell. ii. 3. § 39 ; Schn. ad loc.; Diod. xiv. 5 ; Dem. c. Meid. p. 567 ; Lys. de Bonis Niciae Frat. p. 149). Niceratus is introduced as one of the characters in the Symposium of Xenophon. [E. E.]

NICERATUS (NtKfiparos). To an epigram­ matist of this name has been ascribed the fourth epigram of Nicaenetus, already mentioned [Ni- caenetus], as of uncertain authorship. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. iv. p. 485 ; Jacobs, Anthol. Graec. vol. vii. p. 230.) [W.M. G.]

NICERATUS (NtMfcaros), a Greek writer on plants, one of the followers of Asclepiades of Bi-thynia (Dioscor. De Mat. Med. i. praef. vol. i. p. 2 ; St. Epiphan. Adv. Haeres. i. 1. 3, p. 3, ed. Colon. 1682), who is quoted by Asclepiades Phar-macion (ap. Gal. De Compos. Medicam. sec. Loc. iii. 1, vol. xii. p. 634), and must, therefore, have lived in the latter half of the first century, b, c. His medical formulae are several times quoted by Galen (De Compos. Medicam. sec. Loc. vol. xiii. pp. 87, 96, 98, 110, &c., De Antid. ii. 15, vol. xiv. p. 197), and once by Pliny (H. N. xxxii. 31). Caelius Aurelianus mentions that he wrote a work on catalepsy (De Morb. ii. 5, p. 376). [W. A. G.]

NICERATUS, the son of Euctemon, an Athe­nian statuary, flourished, as it seems from Pliny (H. N. xxxiv. 8. s. 19. §§ 19, 31), in the time of Alcibiades, of whom and his mother Demarete he made statues. He also made the Aesculapius and Hygieia, which stood, in Pliny's time, in the temple of Concord at Rome. Tatian (adv. Graec. 53, 62) mentions his statues of Telesilla and Glaucippe, respecting which seeSil\ig,Catal.Artif.s.v. [P. S.]

NICEROS, a painter of Thebes, the son and disciple of Aristeides, and the brother of Ariston. (Plin. H. N. xxxv. 10. s. 36. § 23) [P. S.]

NICETAS (Ni/crjVas), Byzantine writers. 1. acominatus ('A/coyturciTos), also called choni-ates, because he was a native of Chonae, formerly Colossae, in Phr}rgia, one of the most important Byzantine historians, was born about the middle of the twelfth century, and was descended from a noble and distinguished family. The emperor Isaac II. Angelus (1185—1195) appointed him governor of Philippopolis, at a period when the revolt of the Bulgarians, and the approach of the emperor Frederic I. of Germany, with an army of 150,000 men (1189), devolved most important duties upon the governors of the large towns in Thrace. Nicetas also held the offices of logo-theta, praefectus sacri cubiculi, and others of im-

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