The Ancient Library

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3. rAwcrcrat, a work in at least three books ; quoted by Athenaeus (p. 288) and other writers.

4. 'Erepotov^ej/a, a poem in hexameter verse, in five books, mentioned by Suidas, and quoted by Athenaeus (pp. 82, 305), Antoninus Liberalis (MetamorpL cc. 12, 35), and other writers. It was perhaps in reference to this work that Didy-mus applied to Nicander the epithet " fabulosus" (Macrob. Saturn, v. 22.). 5. Evpwma, or Tlepl EOpwTTTjs, in at least five books, quoted by Athenaeus (p. 296), Stephanus Byzantinus (s. v. "A0ws), and others. 6. 'H/xi'a/x&n, mentioned by the scholiast on the TJteriaca. 7. ©Raited, in at least three books, mentioned by the scholiast on the Theriaca^ and probably alluded to by Plu­tarch (de Herod. Malign, c. 33, vol. v. p. 210, ed. Tauchn.). 8. 'lao-ecoj/ SwcrywyTj, mentioned by Suidas. 9. KoAo^toz/ia/ca, of which work the same passage is quoted both by Athenaeus (p. 569) and Harpocration (Lex. s. v< nd^rj^os 'A^poSiTTj), though the former writer says it came from the third book, and the latter from the sixth. 10. Me-Aio-ffovpyiKa (Athen. p. 68). 11. Nu^tot (Schol. Nicand. Ther.). 12. Omu/ca, a poem in hexameter verse, in at least two books, quoted by Athenaeus (pp. 282, 329, 411). 13. 'OQicucov (Schol. Nicand. Ther.; comp. Suid. s. v. Hd/n<pi\os)r 14. The sixth book ITe/)<7reTeia>j/ (Athen. p. 606).* 15. TLepl TLoif]r&v (Parthen. Erot. c. 4), perhaps the same work as that quoted by the scholiast on the " Theriaca," with the title Oept rS>v sv Ko\o<p£vi Hoij]r(av; and probably the work in which Nicander tried to prove that Homer was a native of Colophon (Cramer's Anecd. Gr. Paris, iii. p. 98). 16. The TlpoyvwffTiKa, of Hippocrates paraphrased in hex­ameter verse (Suid.). 17. St/ceAta, of which the tenth book is quoted by Stephanus Byzantinus (s. v. Zay/cAr?).. 18. "TaKivBos (Schol. Nicand. Tker.). 19. "tttj/os (ibid.). 20. Ueol Xpyo-Tripiw TrdvTow, in three books. (Suid.) , Nicander's poems have generally been published together, but sometimes separately. They were first published in Greek at the end of Dioscorides, Venet. 1499, fol. ap. Aldum Manutium ; and in a separate form, Venet. 1523, 4 to. in aedib. Aldi. Both poems were translated into Latin verse by Jo. Gorraeus, and by Euricius Cordus, and the " Theriaca" also by P. J. Steveius. The Greek paraphrase of both poems by Eutecnius first ap­peared in Bandini's edition, Florent. 1764, 8vo. The most complete and valuable edition that has hitherto appeared is J. G. Schneider's, who pub­lished the Alexipharmaca in 1792, Halae, 8vo., and the Theriaca in 1816, Lips. 8vo.; containing a Latin translation, the scholia, the paraphrase by Eutecnius, the editor's annotations, and the frag­ments of Nicander's lost works. The last edition is that published by Didot, together with Oppian and Marcellus Sidetes, in his collection of Greek classical authors, Paris, large 8vo. 1846, edited by F. S. Lehrs, and at present (it is believed) un­finished. The '* Theriaca" were published in the Cambridge " Museum Criticum " (vol.i. p. 370, &c.), with.Bentley's emendations, copied from the margin of a copy of Gorraeus's edition, which once (ap­parently) belonged to Dr. Mead, and is now. pre-

* This work, however, is attributed to one of the other writers of this name, by both Schweigh-aeuser and Dindorf, in their " Ind. Auctor." to Athenaeus.


served in the British Museum. (Fabric. Bill. Gr. vol. iv. p. 345, &c.ed. Harles ; Haller, Biblioth. Botan. and Biblioth. Medic. Pract. ; Sprengel, Hist, de la Mid. ; Choulant, Handb. der Bucherkunde fur die Aeltere Medicin.}

2. A Peripatetic philosopher of Alexandria, who wrote a work Tlepl ruv 'ApiffTorehovs Ma-6T}T<av. (Suid. s. v. Aicrxpfav.)

3. A native of Chalcedon, who wrote a work relating to Prusias, king of Bithynia, entitled Upova-iov ^vjUTTTw/xara, of which the fourth book is quoted by Athenaeus (xi. p. 496).

4. The son of Euthydemus, introduced by Plu­tarch in his dialogue, De Solert. Animal. § 8. (vol. v. p. 444, ed. Tauchn.), and in his Symposiaca, is, perhaps, the person to whom he addressed his treatise, De recta Rat. And. vol. i. p. 86. He lived in the first century after Christ.

5. A foolish sophist, mentioned by Philo-stratus, who lived in the second century after Christ. (Damian. p. 601, ed. Paris, 1608.)

6. A grammarian of Thyatira, who is supposed by Fabricius to have been the same person as Nicander of Colophon, on account of an expression used by Stephanus Byzantinus (De Urb. s. v. ©uaretpa) ; it is, however,. more probable that Stephanus confounded together two different indi­viduals. He wrote a work, Tlepl t&v at;^coj/ (Harpocrat. Lex. s. v. ©vpywvio'ai, , Ttra/JScu), and another called by Athenaeus (xv. p. 678), 'ArrtKri 'Oi/Oyuara, which is probably the same as that quoted by Harpocration, under the title 'atti/ct) AidtettTos (s. v. MsSi/ni'os, BcoAeeoi/es, Tpnrrrjpa)^ and which consisted of at least eighteen books. (Harpocr. s. v. l^paAoi^e?^.) This is pro­bably the work which is frequently quoted by Athenaeus (iii. pp. 76, 81, 114, &c.).

7. A native of Delphi, mentioned by Plutarch, and called in one passage tepetis (De El apud Delphos, c. 5, vol. iii. p. 82), and in another irpo<piJT7)s (De Defectu OracuL c. 51, vol. iii. p. 200), may possibly, as Wyttenbach supposes, be the same individual as the son of Euthydemus mentioned above, No. 4. (Wyttenb. Notes to Plut. De Recta Rat. Aud. p. 37, c.)

8. " Ambrosius Nicander, Toletanus, qui circa A. Chr. 817, S. Cyriaci Episcopi Anconitani Mar-tyrium versibus Latinis scripsisse, et catalepses (sive argumenta) in Silii Italici libros composuisse tra-ditur." (Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. iv. p. 354, ed. Harles.) Fabricius gives no authority for this statement, nor does Harles supply the defect. It appears, however, that there has been some con­fusion respecting this personage, who is, in fact, no other than Ambrosius de Victoria (or Nicander\ who lived in the sixteenth century. (See Anton. Biblioth. Hisp. Vetus, vol. i. p. 508, vol, ii. p. 452 ; id. Biblioth. Hisp. Nova, vol. i. p. 67.)

9. Nicander Nucius [Nucius], [W. A. G.] NICA'NOR (Nwrtfcwp). 1. Son of Parmenion, a distinguished officer in the service of Alexander. He is first mentioned at the passage of the Danube, in the expedition of Alexander against the Getae, b. c. 335, on which occasion he led the phalanx. (Arr. Anab. i. 4. § 3.) But during the expedition into Asia he appears to have uniformly held the chief command of the body of troops called the Hypaspists (virao-iricrraf) or foot-guards, as his brother Philotas did that of the ercupo/, or horse-guards. We find him mentioned, as holding this post, in the three great battks .of the Granicus, of

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