The Ancient Library

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On this page: Nauspcaa – Nauspcrates – Nauspthous – Naxus – Nazarius – Neaera – Nealces – Neanthes


vengeance on the Greeks by sending false messages to the wives of the heroes fighting at Troy, and thus to have led them to faithlessness towards their husbands or to self-destruction. (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 24 ; Tzetz, /. c.; Paus. i. 22. § 6.) [L. S.]

NAUSPCAA (Nauo-i/caa), the daughter of Alci- nous, king of the Phaeacians and Arete, became the friend of Odysseus (Horn. Od. vi. 16, &c.; comp. odysseus). Later writers represent her as the wife of Telemachus, by whom she is said to have become the mother of Perseptolis or Ptoli- porthus. (Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1796 ; Diet. Cret. vi. 6.) [L. S.]

NAUSPCRATES (Nauo-iicpefrnjs), a Greek comic poet, doubtfully placed by Clinton (F. H, vol. ii. p. xlv.) among the writers of the middle comedy. Meineke (Frag. Com. Graec. vol. i. p. 495) infers the same thing, from his tragico- comic style. Suidas (s. v.) attributes to him two plays, Nau/cAajpot and Hepffis. Athenaeus (ix. p. 399, e.), when giving an extract from the play called nepa-is, calls him Naucrates; but this is clearly an error ; or it may be a shortened form, similar to those adduced by Lobeck, in his edition of Aglaophamus (pp. 994, 996). From the frag­ ments preserved by Athenaeus, consisting of twelve lines from the NauKA.7jpoj and three from the ITe/xris, we can infer nothing of the plot; but there is some humour in his inflated description of the mullet and the blue shark in the passages from the former plajr. These passages are most in­ geniously dovetailed and amended by Meineke (vol. iv. p. 575, &c.). (Fabric. BibL Graec. vol. ii. p. 471 ; Athen. I, c. vii. p. 296, a. p. 325, e. p. 330,b.) [W. M. G.] NAUSPMEDON. [nauplius, No. 3.] NAUSPNOUS (Nayo-fc/oos), a son of Odysseus by Calypso, and brother of Nausithous. (Hes. fheog. 1017 ; Eustath. ad Horn., p. 1796.) [L.S.] NAUSPPHANES (Nawntfw^s), a native of Teos, attached to the philosophy of Democritus, and, according to Sextus Empiricus, a disciple of Pyrrhon. He had a large number of pupils, and was particularly famous as a rhetorician. Epicurus was at one time one of his hearers, and as he could not deny this, though he was anxious to be con­ sidered a self-taught man, he was obliged to content himself with abusing him, and maintaining that he had learnt nothing from him. (Cic. deNat. Deor. i. 26, 33 ; Diog. Laert. ix. 65,102, x. 8, 14; Sext. Empir. adv. Math. i. 1, p. 215.") [C. P. M.]

NAUSPTHOUS (Navcrieoos). 1. A son of Poseidon and Periboea the daughter of Eurymedon, was the father of Alcinous and Rhexenor, and king of the Phaeacians, whom he led from Hypereia in Thrinacia to the island of Scheria, in order to escape from the Cyclopes. (Horn. Od. vi. 7, &c. vii. 56, &c, viii. 564 ; Apollon. Rhod. iv. 547.)

2. [nausinous.] [L. S.] NAUTES or NAU'TIUS. [nautia gens.] NAU'TIA GENS, an ancient patrician gens, a member of which obtained the consulship as early as b. c. 488, It claimed to be descended from Nautius or Nautes, one of the companions of Aeneas, who was said to have brought with him the Palladium from Troy, which was placed under the care of the Nautii at Rome. (Dionys. vi. 4 ; Virg. Aen. v. 704, with the note of Servius.) Like many of the other ancient gentes, the Nautii dis­ appear from history about the time of the Samnite wars, All the Nautii bore the surname of rutijlus.



NAXUS (Nc£|os), a son of Polemo and father of Leucippus, gave his name to the island of Naxos, which had before been called Dia. (Diod. v. 51.) [L. S.]

NAZARIUS. The ninth piece in the col­lection of the " Panegyrici Veteres " [see dre-panius] bears the title Nazarii Panegyricus Con-stantino Augusto. It was delivered at Rome (c. 38) at the beginning of the fifth year of the Caesars, Crispus and Constantine, which commenced on the 1st of March a. d. 321 (cc. 1,2). It is chiefly occupied wi£h the praises of Constantine, the father, who is proposed as the bright exemplar of every virtue to his sons. The circumstance that the emperor was not present (c. 3, comp. c. 36), renders the grossness of the flattery somewhat less odious. With regard to the author we find two notices in the version of the Eusebian Chronicle by Jerome, the one under a. d. 315, " Nazarius in­signia rhetor habetur;" the other under a. d. 337, " Nazarii rhetoris filia in eloquentia patri co-aequatur," both of which we may fairly conclude refer to the author of this oration. Ausonius also notices incidentally an "illustrious" rhetorician, Nazarius, who may be the same person. (Prof. Bur dig. xiv.)

The eighth piece in the above collection, styled Incerti Panegyricus Constantino Augusto dictus, from the resemblance in style as well as from an expression in the ninth (c. 30), is generally believed to be also the work of Nazarius. It was pro­ nounced at Treves by a native of Gaul (c. 1), in the year a. d. 313, and celebrates in the most turgid language the victory over Maxentius. (For authorities and illustrations see the references at the end of drepanius, eumenius, mamer- tinus.) [W.R.]

NEAERA (Necupa), 1. A nymph, who became by Helios the mother of Lampetia and Phaetusa. (Horn. Od. xii. 133.)

2. A daughter of Pereus, and the wife of Aleus, by whom she became the mother of Auge, Cepheus, and Lycurgus. (Apollod. iii. 9. § 1 ; Paus. viii. 4. § 3, who calls her the wife of Autolycus.)

3. One of the daughters of Niobe. (Apollod. iii. 5. § 3.)

4. The wife of Strymon, and mother of Evadne. (Apollod. ii. 1. § 2.)

5. A nymph, who became by Zeus the mother o^ Aegle. (Virg. Eclog. vi. 20; comp. aegle, No. L) [L. S.J

NEALCES (NeaAKT/s), a painter who flourished in the time of Aratus, b. c. 245. Plutarch relates that, when Aratus was destroying the pictures of the tyrants, Melanthius's picture of Aristratus was saved by the intercession of Nealces, who painted over with a black colour the figure of Aristratus, but left the rest of the picture uninjured (Pint. Arat. 13), Pliny mentions with high praise his Venus and his naval battle between the Egyptians and the Persians (H. N. xxxv. 11. s. 40, §§ 36, 41). A curious story is told of another of his pictures by Pliny (xxxv. 10. s. 36. § 20). His daughter Alex­andria was also a painter (Didymus, ap. Clem. Alex. Strom. iv. p. 381, c.) His colour-grinder Eri-gonus also became a distinguished painter. [P. S.J

NEANTHES (Nea^), of Cyzicum, lived about b.c. 241, and was a disciple of the Milesian Philiscus, who himself had been a disciple of Iso-crates. He was a voluminous writer, principally of history, but very scanty materials have reached

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