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prior to that of Salvius Julianus, by the fact that Julianas wrote notes in six books Ad (apud, in) Minitium or Ad Miniciura, from which books there are some citations in the Digest (6. tit. 1. s. 61). In one passage, the tenth book of the work, Ad Minitium is cited (Dig. 19. tit. 1. s. 11. § 15), but as Zimmern suggests, x. is a blunder for v.
NATTA or NACCA, "a fuller" (Festus, s. v. ; Appul. Met. ix. p. 636, ed. Ouden.), was the name of a family of the Pinaria gens. Natta, or Nata, which we find upon coins, seems to be the correct orthography. The Nattae are very rarely mentioned, but appear to have been a very ancient family. Cicero speaks in general of the Pinarii Nattae as nobiles, and mentions an ancient bronze statue of a Natta, which was struck by lightning in the consulship of Torquatus and Cotta, b. c. 65. (Cic. deZWv.i. 12, ii. 20,21.)
1. L. pinarius natta, magister equitum to the dictator L. Manlius Capitolinus, b. c. 363, and praetor, b. c. 349. Livy does not give his cognomen, but it is preserved in the Fasti Capitolini. (Liv. vii. 3, 25.)
2. L. (pinarius) natta was the brother of the wife of the celebrated tribune P. Clodius, and obtained a seat in the college of pontiffs through the influence of his brother-in-law, who passed over his own brother in favour of Natta. Through his connection with Clodius, he was one of the enemies of Cicero, who mentions him on one or two occasions. (Cic. pro Dom. 45, 52, ad Ait. iv. 8, b. § 3.) The gentile name of Natta is only mentioned in a passage of Servius '(ad Virg. Aen. viii. 269), who calls him Pinarius Natta, but the genuineness of this passage has been called in question by Wolf (ad Cic. pro Dom. L c.). Now as we read of only one wife of Clodius, namely, Fulvia, it has been usually supposed that the above L. Natta was the brother of this Fulvia, and that his full name was therefore L. Fulvius Natta* ; but Drumann has brought forward (Ges-chichte^RomSi vol. ii. p. 370) reasons which render it very probable, that Clodius had, previous to his marriage with Fulvia, married another wife of the name of Pinaria, and that L. Natta was the brother of the latter and not the brother of Fulvia. The name of Natta is otherwise unknown in the Fulvia gens. The mother of Natta and of his sister Pinaria married a second time L. Murena, consul b. c. 62, and we consequently find Natta described as a step-son of Murena. (Cic. pro Muren. 35, pro Dom. 52.)
4. natta, a person satirised by Horace (Sat. i. 6. 124) for his dirty meanness, was probably a member of the noble Pinarian family, and therefore attacked by Horace for such conduct.
* Hence we frequently find Natta or Nacca given as a cognomen in the Fulvia gens, as is stated in the article fulvia gens ; but if Drumann's supposition is correct, and we believe it is, this is a mistake.
COIN OF PINARIUS NATTA.
NAUBOLIDES (NauSoA^s), a patronymic from Naubolus, and accordingly applied to his sons, Iphitus (Horn. II. ii. 518) and Clytoneus (Apollon. Rhod. i. 135). It also occurs as the name of a Phaeacian. (Horn. Carm. viii. ] 16.) [L. S.]
NAUBOLUS (NaiteoAos). 1. A son of Lernus and the father of Clytoneus, was king of Tanagra in Boeotia. (Apollon. Rhod. i. ] 35, &c., 208 ; Orph. Argon. 144 ; Lyooph. 1068.)
NAUCERUS, a statuary, who made a panting wrestler. (Plin. xxxiv. 8. s. 19.) [P. S.]
NAUCLEIDES (Nau/cAe/^s). LA Plataean, the leader of the faction who invited and opened the gates for the Thebans who seized upon Pla-taeae b.c. 431. (Thuc. ii. 2; Dem. c. Neaeram, 25, p. 1378.)
2. One of the two Spartan ephors, sent, accord ing to the Spartan custom, with the king Pau- sanias into Attica in B. c. 403, at the time when the Athenians were hard pressed by Lysander. He entered cordially into the plans of Pausanias for defeating the designs of Lysander. (Xen. Plel- len. ii. 4. § 36.) He is perhaps the same, with the Naucleidas, son of Polybiades, whom Lysander ridiculed and assailed on account of his obesity and luxurious mode of life in an assembly of the people, to such an extent that he was near being exiled forthwith. The people, however, contented them selves with threatening him with banishment if he did not reform his mode of life. (Athen. xii. p. 550 d.) [C. P. M.]
NAUCRATES (Naiwp&rTjs), historical. 1. A nati ve of Gary stus, who, with Androcles of Sphettus, lent a sum of money to Artemon and Apollodorus, for the recovery of which a suit was instituted by Androcles against Lacritus, the brother of Artemon. This matter is the subject of the speech of Demosthenes TIpbs rriv AaKpirov Trapaypatyijv.
2. A Lycian demagogue, who incited the Ly- cians to offer some fruitless resistance to M. Brutus. (Plut. Brut. p. 998, b.) [C. P. M.J
NAUCRATES (Nawcpcm/s), literary. 1. Surnamed Erytliraeus, and termed by Suidas (s. v. Isocrates) 'Epvdpaios NawcpcmV^s, was a disciple of Isocrates. He is mentioned among the orators who competed (b. c. 352) for the prize offered by Artemisia for the best funeral oration delivered over Mausolus. (Suidas, s. v. Theodectes, et I.e. ; Gell. x. 68.) He wrote on the subject of' rhetoric. From the incidental notice taken of his writings by Cicero (JDe Orat. iii. 44), we may infer that he shared in and defended the technical refinement of his master. In one of his treatises we learn from Quintilian (iii. 6) that he applied the word oTacns, as the appropriate technical term for the status or quaestio^ the consideration of a case in its most general aspect, and that some regarded him as the inventor of the term so applied,
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