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On this page: Metis – Metius – Metochita – Meton



and Metion himself a son of Eupalamus'and grand­son of Erechtheus (comp. Plat. 7o«, p. 533, a. ; Paus. vii. 4. § 5), Apollodorus (iii. 15. § 8) on the other hand, calls Eupalamus a son of Metion and father of Daedalus. According to a Sicyonian legend, Sicyon also was a son of Metion and a grandson of Erechtheus. (Paus* ii. 6. § 3 ; comp. Schol. ad Soph. Oed. Col. 468, who calls the wife of Metion Iphinoe.) . , - [L. S.]

METIS (MrjTis). 1. The personification of prudence, is described as a daughter of Oceanus and Thetys. At the instigation of Zeus, she gave to Cronos a vomitive, whereupon he brought back his children whom he had devoured (Apollod. i. 2. § 1, £c.; Hes. Theog. 471). She was the first love and wife of Zeus, from whom she had at first en­deavoured to withdraw by metamorphosing herself in various ways. She prophesied to him that she would give birth first to a girl and afterwards to a boy, to whom the rule of the world was destined by fate. For this reason Zeus devoured her, when she was pregnant with Athena, and afterwards he himself gave birth to a daughter, who issued from his head (Apollod. i. 3. § 6 ; Hes. Theog. 886). Plato (Sympos. 'p. 203, b.) speaks of Porus as a son of Metis, and according to Hesiod, Zeus de­voured Metis on the advice of Uranus and Ge, who also revealed to him the destiny of his son. (Comp. Welcker, Die Aeschyl. Tril. p. 278.)

2. A male being, a mystic personification of the power of generation among the so-called Orphics, similar to Phanes and Ericapaeus. (Orph. Fragm. vi. 19, viii. 2.) [L. S.J

METIUS. [mettius.]

METOCHITA, GEO'RGIUS (Teotpytos 6 MeTox/Tijs), magnus diaconus in Constantinople, lived in the thirteenth century. He was an inti­mate friend and staunch adherent of the emperor Andronicus the Elder, and one of those few Greek divines who advocated the re-union of the Greek and Latin churches. For both these reasons he was deposed and exiled, about 1283, by the em­peror Andronicus the Younger. He died in exile, but the year of. his death is not known. Some say that he was the father of the following Theodore Metochita, with whom several modern writers have confounded him. He wrote different works of no small importance for the history of the time: his style is abominable, but full of expressive strength and barbarous vigour. 1. 'Avrifipviais, &c., or Refutatio tfium Capitum Maocimi Planudis; 2. 'Ajfrtp'pirjffis, &c., or, Responsio ad ea quae Manml Nepos Cretensis publicavit, both published together, Greek and Latin, by Leo Allatius, in the second volume of Graecia Orthodox. 3. Fragmentum ex Oratione de Unione Ecclesiarum^ published by the same in his diatribe Contra Hottinger.; 4. Fragm. ex Oratione de Dissidio Ecclesiar.9i\)\d.. ; 5. Trac-tatus de Processione Spiritus Sancti Patrumque Mo in re Sententiis^ divided into five parts or books ; a fragment of the fourth was published by Com-be"fis in the second volume of Nova Biblioth. Pair. and a fragment of the fifth by Leo Allatius in De Purgatorio and Contra Hottinger.^ who gives some information on the whole work in his De Consensu utrwsque Ecelesiae, p. 771 ; 6. Oratio Antirrhetica contraGeorgiumCyprium Patriarcham. 7. Oratio de Sacris Mysteriis ; 8. Explicatio Regu-larum S. Nicephori., &c., and other minor pro­ductions, most of which were known to Leo Allatius, (Fabric. Bibb Graec. vol. x. p. 412,


not.; Cave, Hist. Lit. ad ami. 1276, p. 645, ed. Geneva.) [W.P.J ^ METOCHITA, TIIEQDO'RUS (Qeo'Swpo* 6 M€To%fT^s), the intimate friend ancj adhe­ rent of the unfortunate emperor Andronicus the Elder (a. d. 1282—1328), was a man of extra­ ordinary learning and great literary activity, al­ though much of his time was taken up by the duties he had to discharge as Magnus Logotheta Ecclesiae Constant., and the various commissions with which he was entrusted by his imperial friend. No sooner had Andronicus the Younger usurped the throne, in 1328, than he deposed Metochita and sent him into exile. The learned priest, how­ ever, was soon recalled, but, disgusted with the world, he retired into a convent in Constantinople, where he died in 1332. It is said that he was the son of the preceding Geqrgius Metochita, with whom he has often been confounded. Nicephorus Gregoras, the writer, delivered the funeral oration at the interment of Th. Metochita, and wrote an epitaph which is given in Fabricius. Many details referring to the life of this distinguished divine are contained in the works of Nicephorus Gregoras and John Cantacuzenus. Metochita wrote a great number of works on various subjects ; the princi­ pal are :—1. napdtypaais, being commentaries on various works of Aristotle's, especially Physica, De Anima, De Coelo, De Ortu et I?iteritu9 De Memoria et Reminiscentia^ De Somno et Vigilia^ and others. The Greek text has never been published. A Latin version by Gentianus Hervetus appeared at Basel, 1559, 4to ; reprinted, Ravenna, 1614, 4to ; 2. XpoviKov, a Roman history from Julius Caesar to Constantine the Great ; the Greek text, with a Latin version, by John Meursius, Ley den, 1618, 4to. Regarding the doubts on Metochita's author­ ship of this work, compare Fabricius ; 3.. 'T7ro,u»>tyua- ricrfJLol Kal ^TjfjLfioocreis yvwfjuKai, various commen­ taries, essays, sentences, &c., published under the title Specimina Operum, Theod. Meloclutae^ by Janus Bloch, Copenhagen, 1790, 8vo. The fol­ lowing are still unpublished : —4. Hepl Newrept- Krjs /ca/coTjflefcu, De mala recentiorum Consitetudine, treats on the corruption of the^ church, especially of the anti-Christian changes introduced into the rites. Arcadius made a Latin version of this .work, which, however, seems not to have been published. 5. A6yoi9 eight books on ecclesiastical history, two of which are extant in MS. 6. Capita Philosophica et Historica Miscellanea CXX., of which Fabricius gives the titles. Their great variety allows us to infer the extensive learning and the speculative genius of Metochita. 7* Michaelis Palaeologi et Irenes Augustae Epitaphium. 8. Astronomica. Metochita was one of the best astronomers of his time, 9. Commentarii in Ptolemaei Magnam Syn- taxin, said to be extant in MS. in Spain. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. x. p. 412, &c. ; Cave, Hist. Lit. ad ann. 1276, and Wharton, in Append, to Cave, ad ann. 1301 ; Thomas Magister, UpoatpovcvTiKoit (ad Metochitam) and Epistola (to the same), ed. Graec. et Lat., together with other letters of the same Thomas, Laurentius Normann, Upsala, 1693, 4to.) [W.P.]

METON (MeT<w), a citizen of Tarentum, who, when the decree was proposed for calling in the assistance of Pyrrhus, came into the assembly of the people, in the garb of a reveller, and accom­panied by a flute-player, as if just come from a banquet. When the people laughed at him, arid

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