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10566

METELLUa

METELLUS.

STEMMA METELLORUM,

1. L. Caecilius Metellus, cos. b. c. 251, 247.

. M.

pr. b. c. '206.

2. Q. Metellus, ccs. b. c. 206.

3. L. Metellus, tr. pi. b. c. 213.

5. Q. Metellus Macedonicus, cos. b. c. 143.

I ____

6. L. Metellus Calvus, cos. b.c. 142.

7. Q.Metellus 8. L.Metellus 9. M.Me- 10. C.Metellus ll.Caeciiia, 12. Caecilia,

Balearicus, Diadematus, • tellus, Caprarius, m. C. Servilius m. Scipio cos. b.c. 123. cos. b.c. 117. cos,. b.c. 115. cos. b.c. 113. Vatia. Nasica* I______

m. L. Lu-

cullus

13. L. Metellus 14. Q. Metellus 15. Caecilia,

Dalmaticus, cos. b.c. 119.

Numidieus, cos. b. c. 109.

16. Q. Metellus 17. Caecilia,

Nepos, m. App. cos. b. c. 98. Claudius.

I_______

20. Q. Metellus 21. Q. Metellus

Celer, Nepos, cos. b. c. GO / cos. b. c. 59. m. Clodia.

Of uncertain descent.

18. Caecilia, 19. Q. Metpllus

m. 1. Scaurus; Pius,

2. Sulla. cos. b. c. 80.

22. Q. Metellus Pius

Scipio,

cos. b. c. /><<>;

m. Lepida.

Cornelia,

in. 1> P. Crassus.

2. Pompey, triumvir.

[See Vol. I. p. 855.I**

24. L. Metellus. cos. b. c. 60.

25. M. Metellus, pr. b. c. 69.

28. M. Metellus^

23. Q. Metellus Creticus, cos. b. c. 69>

26. Q. Metellus

CreticuR, qu. b. c. 60 ?

29. Q. Metellus Creticus, cos. a. d. 7

r. L. Me

27. L. "Metellus* tr. pi. b. c. 49,

1. L. caecilius L. p. C. n. metellus^ consul B. c. 251, with C. Furius'Pacilus, in the first Car­thaginian war, was sent with his colleague into Sicily to oppose Hasdrubal, the Carthaginian ge­neral. The Roman soldiers were so greatly alarmed at the elephants in the Carthaginian army, that their generals did not venture to attack the enemy, but lay inactive for a long time. At last, when Furius Pacilus returned to Italy with a part of the forces, Hasdrubal availed himself of the opportunity to attack Panormus, but was entirely defeated by Metellus, who slew a great number of his troops, and captured all his elephants, which he afterwards exhibited in his triumph at Rome. This victory established the Roman supremacy in Sicily, and may be said to have had a decisive influence on the fate of the war. (Polyb. i. 39, 40 ; Flor. ii. 2. § 27 ; Eutrop. ii. 24 ; Oros. iv. 9 ; Frontin. Strateg. ii. 5. § 4 ; Cic. de Rep. i. 1 ; Liv. Epit. 19 ; Plin. H. N. vii. 43. s. 45 ; Dionys. ii. 66.)

In b. c. 249, Metellus was magister equitum to the dictator A. Atilius Calatinus, and in b. c. 247 consul a second time with N. Fabius Buteo, but nothing of importance took place during this year. Four years afterwards (b. c. 243) he was elected pontifex maximus, and held this dignity for twenty-two years. He must, therefore, have died shortly before the commencement of the second Punic war, B. c. 221. An act of Metellus during his high-priesthood is recorded by the historians. In b.c. 241 he rescued the Palladium when the temple of Vesta was on fire, but lost his sight in consequence: he was, therefore, rewarded by the people with a statue on the Capitol, and the permission, previously granted to no one, of riding to the senate-house in a carriage. In addition to his other honours he was appointed dictator in b.c. 224, for the purpose of holding the comitia. His merits and distinctions are recorded by Pliny in an extract which he has made from the funeral oration delivered by his son, Q. Metellus. (Plin. Liv. Dionys. II. cc.; Cic. Cat*

9, pro Scaur. 2 ; Val. Max. i. 4. § 4 ; Ov. Fast. vi. 436.)

2. Q. caecilius L. p. L. n. metellus, son of the preceding, is enumerated by Cicero in his list of Roman orators (Brut. 14, 19), and his oration at his father's funeral has been spoken of above. (Comp. Plin. H. N. vii. 43. s. 45.) He was elected one of the po'ntifices in b.c. 216, plebeian aedile in b. c. 209, and curule aedile in b. c. 208 (Liv. xxiii. 21, xxvii. 21, 36). In b. c. 207 he served in the army of the consul Claudius Nero, and was one of the legates sent to Rome to convey the joyfiil news of the defeat and death of Hasdrubal; and it was mainly in consequence of his services in this war that he owed his elevation to the consulship in the following year. On his return to R,ome he was ap­pointed magister equitum to M. Livius Salinator, who was nominated dictator for .the purpose of hold­ing the comitia, and it was at these comitia (b. c. 206) that he was elected consul with L. Veturius Philo, who had served with him in the campaign against Hasdrubal (Liv. xxvii. 51, xxviii. 9, 10 ; Cic. Brut. 14). The consuls received Bruttii as their province, in order to prosecute the war against Hannibal; but their year of office passed over with­out anything of importance occurring, and Metellus remained in the same province as proconsul, during the following year. At the end "of the year he was recalled to Rome, and nominated dictator for the purpose of holding the comitia (Liv. xxviii. 10;, 11, 45, 46, xxix. 10, 11). Q. Metellus had, like his other distinguished contemporaries, taken an active part in the Hannibalian war ; but at the conclusion of this war in b. c. 201, he is reported to have said in the senate that he did not look upon its termi* nation as a blessing to Rome, since he feared that the Roman people would now sink back again into its former slumbers, from which it had been roused by the presence of Hannibal. (Val. Max. vii. 2. §3.)

Metellus survived the war many years, and was

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