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On this page: Menecrates – Menedaeus – Menedemus

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MENECRATtfS

Pyth. iv. 10 ; tzetz. ad Lye. 886 j Scnol. Horn. •II. v. 640.)

2. Of Alabanda, a celebrated rhetorician, who lived shortly before the time of Cicero. He and his brother Hierocles taught rhetoric at Rhodes, where the orator M. Antonius heard them, about B. c. 94. They both belonged to the Asiatic or florid school of eloquence, which was distinguished more for pomp and elegance of diction, than for precision of thought. But the two brothers enjoyed extraordinary reputation, for Cicero says that they were imitated by all Asia. (Cic. Brut. 95, Oral. 69, de Orat. ii. 23 ; Strab. xiv. p. 661.) [L. S.]

MENECRATES (Mej/e/cpemjs), a freedman of Sextus Pompeius, was sent out by him as com­ mander of a large squadron of ships, in b. c. 38, to act against Calvisius Sabinus (Octavian's admiral) and menas, the renegade. The fleets came to an engagement off Cumae, and Menecrates had the advantage over the enemy in manoeuvring; but burning with hatred against Menas, he attacked and grappled with the ship in which he sailed, and though disabled by a severe wound, conti­ nued to encourage his men until he saw that the enemy was on the point of capturing his vessel. He then threw himself overboard and perished. (Dion Cass. xlviii. 46; Appian, B. C. v. 81, 32.) [E. E.]

MENECRATES (Mcj/effpcfcnjs). 1. A comic poet, mentioned only by Suidas, who says Spd/Liara aveKTwp ^ 'Epjutorcuy, where the plural suggests the alteration of $ to Kal. Mcc-is obviously an abbreviation of Mdi/rjs , a title which seems to belong to the Mid­dle Comedy. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ii. p. 469 ; Meineke, Hist. Grit. Com. Graec. p. 493.)

2. Of Smyrna, the author of two epigrams in the Greek Anthology (Brunck, Anal. vol. i. p. 476 ; Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. i. p. 227), is not improbably the same as Menecrates of Ephesus, a poet mentioned by Varro, de Re Rustica, i. I. (See Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. xiii. pp. 916, 917.) [P. S 1

MENECRATES, a sculptor, of whom we only know, what shows him, however, to have been a very eminent artist, that he was the teacher of Apollonius and Tauriscus, the sculptors of the cele­ brated group of the Famese Bull. (Plin. H. N. xxxvi. 5. s. 4. § 10.) [P.S.]

MENECRATES (McveKpdrvjs), a Syracusan physician at the court of Philip, king of Macedon, b. c. 359—336. He seems to have been a suc­cessful practitioner, but to have made himself ri­diculous by calling himself " Jupiter,'' and assuming divine honours. (Suid. s. v. Mez/e/cpcrnjs.) He once wrote a letter to Philip, beginning MeveKpdrijs Zeds 3?i\iTnrcp xafy>eij/, to which the king wrote back an answer in these words, $i\iiriros Me-VfKpdret vyiaivfiy. * (Athen. vii. p. 289 ; Aelian. Var. Hist. xii. 51.) He was invited one day by Philip to a magnificent entertainment, where the other guests were sumptuously fed, while he himself had nothing but incense and liba­tions, as not being subject to the human in­firmity of hunger. He was at first pleased with

* According to Plutarch, it was Agesilaus from whom he got this answer to his letter. ( Vita Ages. c. 21, vol. vi. p. 29, ed. Tauchn. ; Apo­phthegm. Reg. et Imper. vol. ii. p. 52, Apophthegm. Lacon. vol. ii. p. 109.)

MENEDEMUS.

his reception, but afterwards, perceiving the Jo and finding that no more substantial food was offered him, he left the party in disgust. (Athen,

A 1 • <* \ AW W \ *

Aelian, I. c.)

2. tiberius claudius quirina (Kovipeivaty menecrates, a physician mentioned in a Greek inscription (Gruter, Inscript. p. 581. § 9), is no doubt the same person who is frequently quoted by Galen. He lived in the former part of the first century after Christ, and was physician to some of the emperors, probably to Tiberius and Claudius- He enjoyed a great reputation, and composed more than 150 medical works, of which only a few frag­ ments remain. He was the inventor of the well- known plaister called diachylon (i. e. Szcfc xwAwy), and his directions for preparing it were put into verse by Damocrates. (Galen, de Compos. Medi- com. sec. Gen. vii. 9, 10, vol. xiii. pp. 995, &c.) In consequence of his having observed how easily the signs and contractions used in medical formulae were mistaken by careless transcribers, he wrote the quantities, &c. in his prescriptions at full length; but Galen tell&us (1. c.) that his careful­ ness did not much benefit posterity, as his works were afterwards written with the usual con­ tractions. The Menecrates Zeophletensis (or native of Zeophleta ?) quoted by Caelius Aurelianus (De Morb. Chron. i. 4, p. 323) may be the same person as the preceding. [W. A. G.]

MENEDAEUS or MENE'DATUS (M^e- 5a?os, Mci/eSaros), a Spartan, was one of the three leaders of the Peloponnesian force which was sent to aid the Aetolians in the reduction of Naupactus, in b. c. 426. The place, however, was saved by Demosthenes, with the help of the Acarnanians. In the same year Menedaeus was engaged in the expedition against Amphilochian Argos ; and after the death of his two colleagues, Eurylochus and Macarius, at the battle of Olpae, he concluded with Demosthenes and the Acarnanian generals a secret agreement,, by which the Peloponnesians were per­ mitted to withdraw in safety, leaving their allies, the Ambraciots, to their fate. (Thuc. iii. 100—102, 105—111.) [E. E.]

MENEDEMUS, historical. 1. One of the generals of Alexander the Great, who was sent against Spitamenes, but was surprised and slain, together with 2000 foot-soldiers and 300 horse. (Arrian, iv. 3. § 15 ; Curt. vii. 7, 9.)

2. A native of Alabanda, the leader of part of the forces of Antiochus in Coelesyria. (Polyb. v. 69, 79, 82.)

3. Chief of that part of Macedonia which bore the name of Libera. He took part with Caesar in the civil war b. c. 48. (Catfs. B. C. iii. 34.) He is probably the same with the Menedemus men­ tioned by Cicero with considerable aversion as a friend of Caesar (PhUipp. xiii. 16, ad Att. xv. 2, 4.) [C. P. M.]

MENEDEMUS (Mew-'S^os), historical. 1. A citizen of high rank at Crotona, who was appointed one of the generals to carry on the war against the exiles that had been driven from the city on occasion of the war with Syracuse in b. c. 317. Together with Paron, his colleague in the command, he totally defeated the exiles and their auxiliaries, and put them all to the sword. (Diod, xix. 10.) It appears that he subsequently raised himself to the supreme power in his native city ; and in that

That is, belonging to the Tribus Quirina.

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