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was defeated and driven into Vetera Cas'tra, the fortifications of which he repaired^ and where he maintained himself bravely against the insurgents, till his soldiers, starving and dispirited, and solicited by the emissaries of Classicus, surrendered to Givilis, a. d. 69—70. [CiviLis ; classicus.] Lupercus was sent among the presents to the Ger­man prophetess Veleda, who had predicted the success of the insurgents; but he was killed on the journey. (Tac. Hist.iv. 18, 22,23, 61.) [P.S.] LUPUS, bishop of Troyes, hence surnamed

-Trecensis, whose praises are loudly proclaimed by 'Sidonius Apollinaris, was born at Toul towards the close of the fourth century. By descent and ^marriage he was allied to the most distinguished ecclesiastics of the age and country to whfch he belonged, for his mother was sister of St.Germanus, bishop of Auxerre, his brother Vincentius is by many believed to be the celebrated Vincentius Lirinensis, and he wedded in a. d. 419 Pimeniola, sister of Hilarius, bishop of Aries. Being seized with the prevailing passion for a life of solitary contemplation, he quitted the world, and entered the monastery *of Lerins, from whence he was summoned in 427, to preside over the see of Troyes. Two years afterwards he was thought worthy of being associated with his uncle in a mission to Britain, for the purpose of arresting the progress of the Arian heresy in that island. Lupus returned to his native country in 430, and died in 479, after having occupied the episcopal chair for a space of fifty-two years.

Two letters of this prelate are still extant:—

I. The first written later than 443, jointly with Euphronius, bishop of Autun, is entitled Epistola >adTalasium Episcopum Andegavensem (of Angers) de Vigiliis Natalis Domini, Epiphaniae et Paschae ; de Bigamis ; de Us qui conjugati assumuntur. First

-published by Sirmond in the Concilia Galliae,- fol. Paris, 1629, vol. i. p. 122.

II. Ad Sidonium Apollinarem^ written in 471, to congratulate him on his appointment to the see of Clermont in Auvergne. First published by the Benedictine D'Achery in his Spicilegium veterum aliquot Scriptorum, 4 to. Paris, 1661, vol. v. p. 579, or vol. iii. p. 302, of the 2nd edit. fol. 1717. Both will be found under their best form in the Biblio-tlieca Patrum of Galland, vol. ix. p. 576, fol.Venet. 1773; see also Prolegomena, c. xviii. (Sidon. Apollin. Ep. vi. 4, 9, ix. 11 ; Schonemann, Biblioth. Patrum Latt. vol. ii. § 29 ; Bahr, GeschicMe der Rom. Litterat. Snppl. Band. § 151.) [W. R.]

LUP US, a friend of Cicero and Brutus, who is mentioned more than once in Cicero's letters. (Ad Fain. xi. 5, 6, 7, 12, 25.) He frequently carried messages and letters from the one to the other. Whether he is identical with either of the Rutilii or Cornelii is uncertain. [C. P. M.]

- LUPUS? artists. 1. A gem-engraver, whose 'name appears on a gem in the Berlin Museum. (Stosch. vi. 26).

2. C. sevius lupus, an architect, known from an inscription in Grater (p. 57. 7). [P. S.]

LUPUS, CORNE'LIUS LENTULUS, con­sul in b.c. 156. [lentulus, No. 13.J

LUPUS, CU'RTIUS, was quaestor in a.d. 24. Lipsius supposes that he was one of the four quaesiores provinciales, having a province where his head-quarters were at Cales. Others suppose that he was inspector of the roads and forests (calles). While he was in the neighbourhood of Brundisium


a man named Curtisius attempted to excite an in­ surrection among the slaves. Lupus, with the aid of the crews of three vessels which happened to arrive, suppressed the movement. (Tac. Ann. iv. 27.) [C. P. M.]

LUPUS, JU'NIUS, a Roman senator, who brought a charge of treason against L. Vitellius, the father of A. Vitellius, for the way in which he abetted Agrippina in her irregularities. But the emperor yielded to the threats or entreaties of Agrippina, and Lupus was banished, a. d. 51. (Tac. Ann. xii. 42.) .. .' [C. P. M.]

LUPUS, NUMI'SIUS, was commander of one of the three legions (the eighth) stationed in the province of Moesia. A decisive victory having been gained over the Rhoxolani, a Sarmatian tribe, who invaded the province, Lupus and his fellow-commanders received the insignia of consuls, A. d. 69. (Tac. Hist. i. 79, iii. 10.) [C. P. M.]

LUPUS, RUTI'LIUS. 1. P. rutilius, L. f. L. N. lupus, consul, with L. Julius Caesar, in b. c. 90, the year in which the Social or Marsic war broke out. [caesar, No. 9.] While his colleague was engaged against the Samnites, Lupus was to prosecute the war against the Marsi. He had chosen as his legate Marius, who was his re­lation, but he refused to listen to the advice of the veteran, who recommended him to accustom his soldiers to a little more training before he ventured to fight a battle. The enemy had taken up their position on the Liris under the command of Vettius Scato. Lupus divided his army into two bodies, one under his own command and the other under that of Marius, and threw two bridges across the river without experiencing any opposition from the enemy. Vettius Scato, with the main body of his forces, encamped opposite Marius, but during the night he concealed a strong detachment in some broken ground near the bridge of Lupus. Accord­ingly, when Lupus crossed the river on the fol­lowing day, he was attacked by the troops in am­bush, lost 8000 of his men, and died shortly afterwards of a wound which he had received in the battle. Marius was first informed of the calamity by the dead bodies of the Romans which floated down the river. The battle was fought on the festival of the Matralia, the 11th of June* (Ov. Fast. vi. 563.) No consul was elected to supply the place of Lupus, as his colleague was unable to come to Rome to hold the comitia. (Appian, B. C. i. 40, 43 ; Oros. v. 18 ; Veil. Pat. ii. 15,16 ; Liv. Epit. 73 ; Plin. H. N. ii. 29, s. 30 ; Flor. iii. 18; Obsequ. 115; Cic. pro Font. 15.)

2. P. rutilius lupus, probably son of the preceding, tribune of the plebs, b. c. 56, was a very warm partisan of the aristocracy. Immediate^ after entering upon his office in the December of the preceding year, he proposed the repeal of the agrarian law of Caesar ; and he also took an active part in the disputes relating to the restoration of Ptolemy Auletes to Egypt. (Cic. ad Qu. Fr. ii. 1, ad Fam. i. 1, 2.) He was praetor in b. c. 49, and was stationed at Tarracina with three cohorts, but he was deserted by his men as soon as they saw Caesar's cavalry approaching. Instead, how­ever, of hastening to Brundisium to join Pompey, he returned to Rome, and administered justice there for a short time, but must have quitted the city before Caesar's arrival. (Caes. B. C. i. 24 ; Cic. ad Att. viii. 12, A. § 4, ix. 1. § 2.) Shortly afterwards he crossed over to Greece, and was sent

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