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On this page: Lucilla – Lucillius – Lucillus – Lucina – Lucius


to the death of Verus rests upon no good evidence, but in general profligacy she seems to have been a worthy descendant of the Faustinae, and a worthy sister to Commodus.

Historians do not expressly mention that she had children by her first husband ; yet the legend, fecunditas, which appears upon some of her medals, although the date of these may be uncer­tain, would lead to the conclusion that their union was not unfruitful; and since the Claudius Pom-peianus who undertook to assassinate Commodus is called her son-in-law, it is manifest that the daughter whom he married must have been born of .Verus, for the death of Lucilla happened thirteen years only after her second marriage. By Pompei-anus she had a son named Pompeianus, who rose to great distinction under Caracalla. [pompei­anus.] (Dion Cass. Ixxi. 1, Ixxii. 4; Capitolin. M. Aurel. 7, Ver. 2; Lamprid. Commod. 4, 5.)

[W. R.J


LUCILLA, DOMFTIA, otherwise domitia calvilla, the wife of Annius Verus, and mother of M. Aurelius. (Capitolin. M. Aurel. i. 6; Spartian. Did. Jul. ].) [W. R.]

LUCILLA, DOMI'TIA, was, according to some numismatologists, the name of the daughter of Nigrinus, the wife of Aelius Caesar. There seem, however, to be no good grounds for this assertion ; and the coins adduced as belonging to her ought to be assigned to annia lucilla. (Eckhel, vol. vi. p. 527.) [ W. R,]

LUCILLIUS (aovki\\ios). A poet of the Greek Anthology, who edited two books of epi­ grams. In the Anthology one hundred and twenty- four epigrams are ascribed to him (Brunck, Anal. vol. ii. p. 317 ; Jacobs, Anfh. Grace, vol. iii. p. 29) ; but of these, the Vatican MS. assigns the 118th to Lucian, and the 96th and 124th to Palladas. This authority, therefore, removes the foundation for the inferences respecting the poet's date, which Lessing and Fabricius drew from the mention of the physician Magnus in .the 124th epigram. But, on the other hand, the Vatican MS. assigns to Lucillius the 16th epigram of Ammianus, the 36th and 4lst of Philip, the 108th anonymous, and the 23rd of Leonidas of Alexandria. From the last epigram (which is also far more in the style of Lucillius than of Leonidas), it appears that the poet lived under Nero, and that he received money from that emperor. Nearly all his epigrams are sportive, and many of them are aimed at the grammarians, who at that time abounded at Rome. His name is often written aovki\\os in the MSS., but it appears from his 35th epigram that Aou/aA.- \io$ is right. (Jacobs, Anth. Graec. vol. xiii. pp. 512,913.) [P. S.]

LUCILLUS (AoifoiAAos) of Tarrha, in Crete, wrote a work on the city of Thessalonica (Steph. Byz. s. v. 0e<rcraA.<w'K?7)j. a commentary on the Ar-gonaulica of Apollonius Rhodius, and a collection of Proverbs, which, with those of Uidymus of


Alexandria, appear to have been the source of most of the later collections of the kind. Thus Zenobius expressly states that he collected his pro­ verbs from Lucillus and Didymus. The proverbs of Lucillus are also quoted by Tzetzes (Chit. viii. 149), by Apostolius, and by Stephanus (s. v. Tappa, reading aovki\\os for Aou/cios, comp. s. v. Kdkapva.; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. iv. p. 265, v. p. 107 ; Vossius, de Hist. Graec. p. 463, ed. Westermann ; Leutsch and Schneidewin, Paroem. Graec. vol. i, Praef. p. xii.). [P. S.]

LUCILLUS, a painter, wno is highly extolled by the architect Symmachus, whose house he deco­ rated (Epist. ii. 2, ix. 47). He lived, therefore, under Theodoric, towards the end of the fifth century. [P. S.]

LUCINA, the goddess of light, or rather the goddess that brings to light, and hence the goddess that presides over the birth of children ; it was therefore used as a surname of Juno and Diana, and the two are sometimes called Lucinae. (Varro, de Ling. Lot. v. 69 ; Catull. xxxiv. 13 ; Horat. Carm. Saec. 14, &c.; Ov. Fast. ii. 441, &c., vi. 39 ; Tibull. iii. 4. 13.) When women of rank gave birth to a son, a lectisternium was prepared for Juno Lucina in the atrium of the house. (Serv. and Philarg. ad Virg. Eclog. iv. 63.) [L.S.]

LUCIUS (Aottotos). 1. Of adrianople or hadrianople, was bishop of that city in the fourth century, succeeding, though Tillemont doubts if immediately, St. Eutropius. .He was expelled from his see by the Arian party, then predominant in the East, under the emperor Constantius II., the son of Constantine the Great; and went to Rome to lay his cause before the pope, Julius I., apparently in the year 340 or 341. Several other bishops were at Rome on a similar errand, about the same time ; and the pope, having satisfied himself or their innocence and of their orthodoxy, sent them back to their respective churches, with letters re­quiring their restoration, and other letters rebuking their persecutors. The Oriental bishops appear to have rejected the pope's authority, and sent him back a remonstrance against his rebukes. Lucius, however, recovered his see by the authority of the emperor Constantius, who was constrained to restore him by the threats of "his brother Constans, then emperor of the West. This restoration is placed by Tillemont before the council of Sardica, a. d. 347. When the death of Constans (a. d. 350) was known in the East, the Arian party, whom Lucius had provoked by the boldness and severity of his attacks, deposed him, bound him neck and hands with irons (as they had done at least once be­fore), and in that condition banished him. He died in exile. The Romish church commemorates him as a martyr on the eleventh of February. (Athanas. Apolog. de Fuga sua, c. 3, and Hist. Arianor. ad Monach. c. 19 ; Socrat. H. E. ii. 15, 23, 26 ; Sozo-men. H. E. iii. 8, 24, iv. 2 ; Theodoret, H. E. ii. 15 ; Tillemont, Memoires, vols. vi. and vii. ; Bolland," Acta Sanctorum Februarii, vol. ii. p. 519, Epistolae Julii Papae et Orient. Episc. apud Concilia^ vol. ii. col. 475, &c. ed. Labbe.)

2. Of alexandria. When, on the death of the emperor Constantius, and the murder of the Arian patriarch George of Cappadocia [georgius, No. 7], Athanasius recovered the patriarchate of Alexan­dria, the Arians were expelled from the churches, and held their meetings in obscure places. While in this condition, they elected Lticiua to be their

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