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LUCCEIUS.

of Julius Caesar, and although pre-eminently dull, seems to have been popular, for it passed through a great number of editions. The best translation is that of Rowe, which first appeared in 1718 (fol. Lond.); it is executed throughout with consi­derable spirit.

Of the numerous French translations, that of Guillaume de Brebeuf, 4to. Paris, 1654—1655, long enjoyed great reputation, and, notwithstanding the censures of Boileau, still finds admirers. The prose version of Marmontel, 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1766, is in every way detestable.

The German metrical translations of L. von Seckendorff, 8vo. Leip. 1695, and of C. W. von Borck, 8vo. Halle, 1749, are not highly esteemed, and that in prose by P. L. Haus, 8vo. Mannheim, 1792, is almost as bad as Marmontel's. [W. R.J

LUCANUS, OCELLUS. [ocellus.]

LUCANUS, TERE'NTIUS. According to the life of the comic poet, Terence, which goes under the name of Suetonius, P. Terentius Lucanus was the name of the Roman senator whose slave Terence was, and who subsequently manumitted him. (Comp. Pighius, Annal. vol. ii. p. 347.) A painter of the name of C. Terentius Lucanus is mentioned by Pliny (H. N. xxxv. 7. s. 33.) There are several coins of the Terentia gens extant, bearing the legend c. teb. luc. i.e. C. Terentius Lucanus ; but by whom they were struck we do not know. A specimen of one is given below: the obverse represents the head of Pallas, with a small figure of Victory standing behind her, and the re­verse the Dioscuri.

COIN OF C. TERENTIUS LUCANUS,

LUCCEIUS. 1. A Roman general, who, in conjunction with the praetor C. Cosconius, defeated the Samnites in the Social war, B. C. 89. (Liv. JSpit. 75.) [cosconius, No. 2.J

2. Q. lucceius, of Rhegium, a witness against Verres. (Cic. Verr. v. 64.)

3. lucceius, M. f, a correspondent of Cicero, B. c. 50, and a zealous supporter of the aristocracy (ad Att. v. 21. § 13), must be distinguished from L. Lucceius, Q. f., the historian [No. 4]. The following passages of Cicero, in which the name of Lucceius occurs without any praenomen, are re­ferred by Orelli (Onom. TuU. vol. ii. p. 361) to the former of the two (ad Att. v. 20. § 8, vi. 1. § 23, vii. 3. § 6).

4. L. lucceius, Q. f. the historian, was an old friend and neighbour of Cicero. His name fre­quently occurs at the commencement of Cicero's correspondence with Atticus, with whom Lucceius had quarrelled for some reason or another. Cicero attempted to reunite his two friends, but Lucceius was so angry with Atticus that he would not listen to any overtures. It appears that M. Sallustius was in some way or other involved in the quarrel. (Cic. ad Att. i. 3. § 3, 5. § 5, 10. § 2, 11. § 1,

li-$7.)

In b. c. 63 Lucceius accused Catiline, after the latter had failed in his application for the consulship.

800

LUCCEIUS.

The speeches which he delivered against Catiline, were extant in the time of Asconius, who charac­terises Lucceius as an orator, paratus eiitditusque (Ascon. in Totf. Cand. pp. 92, 93, ed. Orelli). In b. c. 60 he became a candidate for the consulship, along with Julius Caesar, who agreed to support him in his canvass, on the understanding that Lucceius, who was very wealthy, should promise money to the electors in their mutual names ; but he lost his election in consequence of the arisi tocracy using every effort to bring in Bibulus, as a counterpoise to Caesar's influence (Suet. Goes. 19 ; Cic. ad Att. i 17. § 11, ii. 1. § 9). Lucceius seems now to have withdrawn from public life and to have devoted himself to literature. He was chiefly en­gaged in the composition of a contemporaneous history of Rome, commencing with the Social or Marsic war. In b. c. 55 he had nearly finished the history of the Social and of the first Civil war^ when Cicero, whose impatience to have his own deeds celebrated would not allow him to wait till Lucceius arrived at the history of his consulship, wrote a most urgent and elaborate letter to his friend, pressing him to suspend the thread of his history, and to devote a separate work to the period from Catiline's conspiracy to Cicero's recall from banishment. In this letter (ad Fam. v. 12), which Cicero himself calls valdebella (ad Att- iv. 6. § 4), and which is one of the most extraordinary in the whole of his correspondence, he does not hesitate to ask Lucceius, on account of his friendship and love for him, to say more in his favour than truth would warrant (pluscuJum etia?n9 quam concedet veritas, largiare)^ and to speak in higher terms of the events than he might perhaps think they de­served (ut ornes veliementius etiam quam fortasse sentis) ; and he concludes by remarking that if Lucceius refuses him his request, he shall be obliged to write the history himself. Lucceius promised compliance with his request, and the book which Cicero sent to Lucceius by means of Atticus, shortly afterwards, probably contained materials for the work (Cic. ad Att. iv. 11. § 2). It was about this time that Cicero, anxious to conciliate Lucceius in every possible way, spoke of him in public in his oration for Caelius as sanclissimus homo atque integerrimus^ as ille vir9 ilia humanitate praeditus9 illis studiis, illis artibus atque doctrina (cc. 21, 22) ; but it would seem that' Lucceius never produced the much-wished-for work.

In b. c. 55 Lucceius went to Sardinia (Cic. ad Qtt. Fr. ii. 6. § 2) ; and on the breaking out of the civil war in b. c. 49, he espoused the side of Pom-pey, with whom he had long lived on terms of in­timacy: Pompey was in the habit of consulting him during the course of the war on all important matters (Caes. B. C. iii. 18 ; Cic. ad Att. ix. 1. § 3, 11. §3). Lucceius was subsequently pardoned by Caesar and returned to Rome, where he con­tinued to live on friendly terms with Cicero; and when the latter lost his beloved daughter Tullia in b. c. 45, Lucceius sent hiin a letter of condolence (Cic. ad Fam. v. 13). He probably died soon afterwards, as his name does not appear again in Cicero's correspondence.

5. C. lucceius C. f. hirrus, of the Pupinian tribe (Cic. ad Fam. viii. 8. § 5), tribune of the plebs, B. c. 53, proposed that Pompey should be created dictator, and was in consequence very nearly deprived of his office (Cic. ad Q,u. Fr. lit 8. § 4, 9. § 3 ; Plut. Pomp. 54, where he is

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