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" Vindex avarae fraudis et abstinens Ducentis ad se cuncta pecuniae,"
we must believe that Lollius had not become notorious for his love of money till he accompanied C. Caesar into the East. While in the East, Lollius incurred the displeasure of C. Caesar, owing, it is said, to his having betrayed to the Parthians the plans of the Romans. Pliny states (I. c.) that Lollius put an end to his own life by poison, and Velleius Paterculus (ii. 102), though he leaves it uncertain, implies that such was the case, and adds that his death occasioned general joy.
• It is uncertain whether Lollius bore any cognomen. In an inscription (apud Sigon. et Pigh. ad ann. 732) he is called simply M. Lollius, M. p. Some writers suppose that this surname was Paul-linus, because his granddaughter was called Lollia Paullina, and because we find an M. Lollius Paul-linus who was consul suffectus A. D. 93; but this is not conclusive evidence, as we know that the Romans frequently added cognomens, and changed them, in the imperial period. In no ancient writer is Lollius mentioned with any surname.
Lollius appears to have left two sons, to the eldest of whom Horace addressed two of his Epistles. (Ep. i. 2 and 18). In the latter of these epistles Horace speaks of Lollius having served against the Cantabri in Spain. One of these brothers appears to have obtained the consulship, though his name does not occur in the Fasti; for the M. Lollius, the father of Lollia Paullina, whom Tacitus calls consularis (Ann. xii. 1), must have been a son of M. Lollius, the guardian of C. Caesar.
LOLLIUS URBICUS. [urbicus.] LONGA'TIS (Ao77arfs), a surname of Athena (Lycoph. 520, 1032), which according to Tzetzes (ad Lycoph. 1. c.), she derived from her being wor shipped in a Boeotian district called Longas, which however is unknown. • , - [L. S.]
LONGINUS, AEMI'LIUS, a deserter from the first legion, murdered Vocula, at the instigation of Classicus, in the great revolt of the Treviri against the Romans, a. i>. 70; but was shortly afterwards put to death by the soldiers of the sixteenth legion. (Tac. Hist. iv. 59, 62.)
LONGINUS, CA'SSIUS, a celebrated plebeian family.
' 1. Q. cassius longinus, tribune of the soldiers in the second Punic war, b. c. 252, was sent by the consul, C. Aurelius Cotta, to blockade Lipara, but with strict orders not to engage in battle. As Longinus, however, disobeyed these orders, and suffered a severe defeat, he was deprived of his command by Cotta. (Zonar. viii. 14.)
2. Q. cassius, L. f. Q. n. longinus, grandson df No. 1, was praetor urbanus b.c. 167, in which year he conducted to Alba Perseus, the conquered king of Macedonia. He was consul b. c. 164, with A. Manlius Torquatus, and died in his year of office. (Liv. xlv. 16* 35^ 42; Fasti Capitol.)
Cos. b.c. 164.
5. L. Cassius JLonginus, Cos. b.c. 107.
15. Q. Cassius
4. L. cassius, Q. p. L. n. longinus ravilla, second son of No. 2, received his agnomen of Ravilla from his ravi oculi. (Festus, s. v. Ravi.) He was tribune of the plebs, b.c. 137, and proposed the second law for voting by ballot (tabellaria lex\ the first having been brought forward by Gabinius two years before, b. c. 139. The law of Cassius introduced the ballot in the " Judicium Populi," by which we must understand criminal cases tried in the comitia by the whole body of the people ; but cases of perduellio were excepted from the operation of the law. This law gave great dissatisfaction to the optimates, as it deprived them of much of their influence in the comitia. (Cic. de Leg. iii. 16, Brut. 25, pro Sext. 48; Ascon. in Corn. p. 78, ed. Orelli.) It is commemorated on many coins of the Cassia gens, a specimen of which is given below.
Longinus was consul b. c. 127, with L. Cornelius China, and censor b.c. 125, with Cn. Servilius Caepio. (Cic. Verr. i. 55.) Their censorship was celebrated for its severity, of which an instance is related in the condemnation of M. LepidusPorcina. [lepidus, No. 10.] Longinus had the character of great severity as a judex, whence his tribunal was called the scopulus reorum (Val. Max. iii. 7. § 9) ; but he was at the same time looked up to as a man of great integrity and justice. It is related of him that in all criminal trials he was ac^ customed to ask, before every thing else, with what object (cui bono) a crime had been committed. It was in consequence of this reputation for justice and severity that he was appointed by the people in B. c. 113 to investigate certain cases of incest, because the pontiffs were thought to have improperly acquitted two of the vestal virgins, Licinijr