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•which were very often reprinted ; that of Ascensius, fol. Par. 1510, 1513, 1516, 1530, 1533 ; that of Aldus, Venet. 5 torn. 8vo., 1518—1533, including Florus, and a Latin translation of Polybius by Perotto ; that of Frobenius, fol. Basel, 1531, containing for the first time the five books discovered by Grynaeus and the chronology of Glareanus, reprinted in 1535, with the addition of the notes of Rhenanus and Gelenius ; that of Gryphius, Lugd. 4 vol. 8vo., 154-2* with the notes of Valla, Rhe-hanus, Gelenius, and Glareanus, reprinted at Paris, 1543, with the addition of the notes of Antonius Sabellicus ; that of Manutius, fol. Venet. 1555, 1566, 1572, 1592, with the epitomes and scholia of Sigonius ; and that of Gruterus, fol. Francf. 1608, 8vo. 1619, fol. 162H, 8vo. 1659. A new era commences with researches of Gronovius, who first placed the text upon a satisfactory basis by the collation of a vast number of MSS. His labours appear under their best form in the editions printed by Daniel Elzevir, 3 vols. 1665, 1679, forming part of the Variorum Classics in 8vo. The edition of Jo. Clericus, 10 vols. 8vo. Amst. 1710, containing the supplements of Freinsheimius entire, and of Crevier, 6 vols. 4to., Paris, 1735—41, are by no means destitute of value: the latter especially 'has always been very popular; the notes have been frequently reprinted. It was reserved, however, for Drakenborch to follow out what Gronovius had so well begun, and- his most elaborate edition, published at Leyden, in 7 vols. 4to. 1738—46, is still considered the standard. This admirable per-formancej in addition to a text revised with uncommon care and judgment, comprehends everything valuable contributed by previous scholars, and forms a most ampla storehouse of learning. Since that period little has been done for Livy ; for the editions of Stroth and Doring, Goth. 1796—1819jof Ruperti, Getting. 1807—1809, and ofBekker and Raschig, Lips. 1829., cannot be regarded as possessing any particular weight. A new recension, recently commenced by Alchefski, Berol. 8yo. 1841 ±-1843, and carried as far as the end of the first decade, promises to be very valuable. The edition of Drakenborch, together with the excellent Commenta-tionesde Fontibus HistoriarumT. Livii of Lachmann, 4ta. Getting. 1822—1828, will supply everything that can be desired for general illustration. To these we may perhaps add the - commentary of Ruperti, which, although frequently verbose upon what is easy and altogether silent upon what is difficult, contains much matter useful to a student. A long list of dissertations on various isolated topics connected with Livy, will be found in Schweiger's Handluch der Classiclien Bibliographic, 8vo. Leipzig, 1832, and in the Grundriss der Classiclien Bibliographic of Wagner, Breslau, 1840.
• The quaint old translation of Philemon Holland, fol. Lond. 16.00, 1659, is far superior to the loose weak paraphrase of Baker. The version published By John Hayes (Lond. 1744—1745, 6 vols. 8vo), professing to be executed by several hands, and another which appeared anonymously (fol. Lond. 1686), embrace the supplements of Freinsheim as well as the text of Livy. [W. R.]
• LOBON (Ao&wi/), of Argos, the author of a work on poets, mentioned by Diogenes Laertius (i. 34, 112). LOCHEIA (Ao#Wa), the protectress of women
in childbed, occurs as a surname of Artemis. (Plut. Sympos. iii. 10 ; Orph. Hymn. 35. 3.) [L. S.]
LOCRUS (AoKp6s). 1. A son of Physcius and grandson of Amphictyon, became by Cabya the father of Locrus, the mythical ancestor of the Ozolian Locrians (Plut. Quaest. Graec. 15). According to some the wife of the former Locrus was called Cambyse or Protogeneia (Pind. Ol. ix. 86 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 277).
LOCUSTA, or, more correctly, lucusta (see Heinrich, ad Juv. vol. ii. p. 62), a woman cele brated for her skill in concocting poisons. She was employed by Agrippina in poisoning the em peror Claudius, and by Nero for despatching Bri* tannicus. (Tac. Ann. xii. 66, xiii. 15; Suet. Ner. 33; Dion Cass. Ix. 34 ; Juv. i. 71, with Schol.) Suetonius says (Nero, 33) that the poison which she administered being too slow, Nero impatiently struck her with his own hand, and forced her to prepare a stronger draught in his presence, which killed Britannicus instantaneously. She was re warded by Nero with ample estates ; but under the emperor Galba she was executed with other malefactors of Nero's reign. (Dion Cass. Ixiv;. 3.) ' [W. L]
LOGBASIS (A6y€a<ris), a citizen of Selga in Pamphylia. When Selga was attacked by Gar- syeris, the general of Achaeus, in b. c. 218, Log- basis, as having been guardian ta Aehaeus's wife Laodice, was deputed by his countrymen to treat with the enemy, and used the opportunity to make a treacherous agreement for the surrender of the city. His design, however, was detected on the very eve of its completion, and his fellow-citizens burst into his house, and slew him, together with in s sons and the enemy's soldiers who were secreted there. (Pol. v. 74—76.) ^ [E. E.j
LOLLIA. 1. The wife of A. Gabinius, debauched by Caesar (Suet. Goes. 50), was probably a daughter of M. Lollius Palicanus, tribune of the plebs b. c. 71. She may be the same as the Lollia whom Cicero (ad Fam. ix. 22. § 4) speaks of as a woman of bad character.
2. lollia paullina, the granddaughter of M. Lollius [ lollius No. 5], and heiress of his immense wealth, the spoil of the provinces. (Plin. H. N. ix. 35. s. 58.) Pliny describes the jewels which she wore in her hair, round her neck, arms and fingers, as worth forty millions of sesterces* S>he was married to C. Memmius "Regulus ; but on the report of her, grandmother's beauty, the emperor Caligula sent for- her, divorced her from her husbandj and married her, but soon divorced her again. (Suet. Calig. 25; Dion .Cass. lix. 12.) After Claudius had put to death his wife Messalina, Lollia was one of the candidates for the vacancy ; but her more successful rival, Agrippina, easily obtained from Claudius a sentence of banishment against her, and then sent a tribune to murder
her. (Tac. -A^n» xii. 1 ; Suet. Claud, 26 ; Dion