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On this page: Laodicus – Laodocus – Laogoras – Laomedon


22), a sister of Andromachus, the father of Achae­us. It seems not improbable that she was a niece of the preceding, but Niebuhr (Kl. Schrift. p. 263), who calls her so, has erroneously made her daughter of Andromachus, instead of his sister^ and Droysen (Hellenism, vol. ii. p. 347) has fallen into the same mistake. Great confusion certainly exists concerning the two, but there seems no reason to doubt the authority of Polybius; and we have no evidence that the Achaeus who is /nentioned by Eusebius as father of No. 2, was the same as the father of Andromachus. She was the mother of Seleucus Ceraunus and Antiochus the Great.

4. Wife of Antiochus the Great, was a daughter of Mithridates IV., king of Pontus, and grand­daughter of No. 2. She was married to Antiochus soon after his accession, about b. e. 222, and pro­claimed queen by him at Antioch before he set out on his expedition against Molon. The birth of her eldest son, Antiochus, took place during the ab­sence of the king on that exhibition. (Polyb. v. 43, 55.) She was the mother of four other sons, and four daughters, who will be found enumerated under antiochus III.

• 5. Wife of Achaeus, the cousin and adversary of Antiochus the Great, was a sister of the pre­ceding, being also a daughter of Mithridates IV., king of Pontus. (Polyb. vii.i 22.) When Achaeus fell into the power of Antiochus (b. c. 214) Lao-dice was left in possession of the citadel of Sard is, in which she held out for a time, but was quickly compelled by the dissensions among her own troops to surrender to Antiochus. (Id. viii. 23.) Polybius incidentally mentions that this princess was brought up before her marriage at Selge, in Pisidia, under the care of Logbasis, a citizen of that place. (Id. v.74.)

• 6. Daughter of Antiochus the Great by his wife Laodice [No. 4]. She was married to her eldest brother Antiochus, who died in his father's life­time, b.c. 195. (Appian, Syr. 4 ; Liv. xxxv. 15.) Froelich supposes her to have been afterwards married to her younger brother Seleucus IV., and to have been the mother of Demetrius Soter, but there appears to be no authority for this statement.

7. Daughter of Seleucus IV. Philopator, was married to Perseus, king of Macedonia. (Polyb. xxvi. 7 ; Liv. xlii. 12 ; Inscr. Del. ap. Marm. Arundel. No. 41.) The marriage is spoken of by Polybius in the year b. c. 177, as having then lately taken place.

8. Daughter of Antiochus IV. Epiphanes, and therefore first cousin of the preceding. She is first mentioned as being taken to Rome by Heracleides, when lie determined to set up the claim of the im­postor Alexander Balas against Demetrius Soter, who at that time occupied the throne of Syria. In the decree of the senate in their favour Laodice is associated with her supposed brother Alexander, and it is probable that she was proclaimed queen together with him after the defeat of Demetrius. (Potyb. xxxiii. 14, 16.) It seems much more likely, therefore, that the " Laodice regina," men­tioned in the epitome of Livy (lib. 1.) as being subsequent!}' put to death by Alexander's minister

Ammonius, is the person in question, than the wife of Demetrius (as supposed by Visconti, Iconograplde 'Grecque, torn. ii. p. 324, and Millingen, Ancient Coins of Cities and Kings, p. 76), of whom we have other wise no knowledge.



9 and 10. Two daughters of Antiochus Sidetes, otherwise unknown, both bore the name of Laodice* (Euseb. Arm. p. 167.)

11. Wife of Ariarathes V., king of Cappadocia, by whom she had six sons, all of^whom, except the youngest, she successively put to death, in order that she herself might continue to exercise the su­preme power in their name without interference. At length the people revolted by her cruelties, rose in insurrection against her, and put an end to her life. (Justin. xxxvii. 1 )

12. Wife and also sister of Mithridates Eupator (commonly called the Great), king of Pontus. During the absence of her husband, and deceived by a report of his death, she gave free scope to her amours ; and, alarmed for the consequences, on his return attempted his life by poison. Her designs were, however, betrayed to Mithridates, who im­mediately put her to death. (Justin. xxxvii. 3.)

13. Another sister of Mithridates Eupator, married to Ariarathes VI., king of Cappadocia. After the death of her husband, who was assassi­nated by Gordius, at the instigation of Mithridates, in order to avoid a similar fate for herself and her two sons, she threw herself into the arms of Nico-medes, king of Bithynia, whom she married, and put in possession of Cappadocia. The revolutions that followed are related under ariarathes. After the death of her two sons, she joined with Nicomedes in the attempt to establish an impostor upon the throne of Cappadocia, and even went to-Rome to bear witness in person that she had had-three sons by Ariarathes ; notwithstanding which, the claim of the pretender was rejected by the senate. (Justin. xxxviii. 1, 2.)

14. A queen of the Galadeni, mentioned by Josephus as being engaged in war with the Par- thians, when Antiochus X., king of Syria, came to her-assistance, but was killed in battle. (Joseph. Ant. xiii. 13. § 4.) [E. H. B.]

LAODICUS (Aa68iKos), a Hyperborean hero, who, together with Hyperochus and Pyrrhus, came to assist the Delphians against the Gauls. (Pans, i. 4. § 4, x. 23. § 3; comp. Herod, viii. 39.) It shpuld, however, be remarked, that in Pausanias the common reading is 'A/j.ab'oKos or AaoStfaoj, where Miiller writes Aa68iKos. [L. S.]

LAODOCUS (AaoSoW). ]. A son of Apollo and Phthia, a brother of Dorus and Polypoethes, in Curetis, was killed by Aetolus. (Apollod. i. 7. § 6.)

2. A son of Bias and Pero, and a brother of Talaus, took part in the expedition of the Argo­nauts, and in that of the Seven against Thebes. (Apollod. iii. 6. § 4 ; Apollon. Rhod. i. 119; Val. Flacc. i. 358; Orph. Argon. 146.)

3. A son of Antenor. (Horn.//. iv. 87.)

4. The friend and charioteer of Antilochus. (Horn. Tl. xvii. 699.) [L. S.J

LAOGORAS (Aao7o'pas), a king of the Dry- opes, was allied with the Lapithae against Aegi- mius, but was slain by Heracles. (Apollod. ii. 7. §7.) [L.S.]

LAOMEDON (Aao^e'Sco*/), a king of Troy, the son of Ilus and Eurydice, and the father of Priam, Tithonus, Lampus, Clytius, Hicetaon, and Buco-lion. (Horn. //. xx. 236, &c., vi. 23 ; Apollod. iiu 12. § 3.) His wife is called Strymo, or Rhoeo, Placia, Thoosa, Zeuxippe, or Leucippe. (Apollod. I.e.; Schol. ad Horn. II. iii. 250 ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 18.} Apollodorus further mentions three daughters

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