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On this page: Lamprus – Lampter – Lampus – Lamus – Lamynthius – Lanassa

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LANASSA.

ferred to by Aristophanes (Nub. 967), was ascribed to Lamprocles by Phrynichus, though Eratosthenes and others ascribed it to Phrynichus himself, while some made Stesichorus its author. (Schol. in Arisfoph. he.) The scholiast who makes this statement calls Lamprocles the son or disciple of Midon. Thus much is evident from all accounts, that Lamprocles practised a severe style both of poetry and music, and that he belongs to a good period of those arts, probably the sixth, or, at the latest, the beginning of the fifth century b. c. (Fa­ bric. BM. Grace, vol. ii. p. 127 ; Schmidt, Diatrib. in Dithyramb, pp. 138—143 ; Schneidewin, Detect. Poes.Graec.v.462.) [P. S.]

LAMPRUS (Ao/wr/Mfc), the husband of Gala- teia. [galateia, No. 2.] [L. S.]

LAMPRUS (Adfwrpos). 1. A teacher of music at Athens in the youth of Socrates, who is made by Plato to mention him with a sort of ironical praise, as second only to Connus. (Menex. p. 236; comp. Ath. x. p. 506, f.) We learn from other sources that he was very celebrated as a musician. (Ath. ii. p. 44, d.; Plut. de Mus. 31, p. 1142 ; Nepos, Epam. 2.) He is said to have been the teacher of Sophocles in music and dancing. (Ath. i. p. 20, f. ; Pit. Soph.) This statement, and the reference to his death by Phrynichus (ap. Ath. ii. p. 44, d.), fix his time to the former part of the fifth century b. c.

2. Of Erythrae, a Peripatetic philosopher, who is mentioned by Suidas as the teacher of Aristox-enus. (Suid. s. v.-ApiffrSfaos.)

3. A grammarian mentioned in the Magna Mo- ralia ascribed to Aristotle, ii. 7. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec.vo\. ii. p. 128.) [P. S.]

LAMPTER (Aa/wmfp), i. e. the shining or torch-bearer, a surname of Dionysus, under which he was worshipped at Pellene in Achaia, where a festival called ^a/airr^pia was celebrated in his ho­ nour. (Paus. vii. 27. § 2.) [L. S.]

LAMPUS (Aa>r0s). 1. One of the sons of Aegyptus. (Apollod. ii. 1. § 5.)

2. A son of Laomedon, and father of Dolops, was one of the Trojan elders. (Horn. II. iii. 147, xv. 536, xx. 238.)

3. The name of two horses, one belonging to Eos (Horn. Od. xxiii. 246 ; Fulgent. Myth. i. 11), the other to Hector. (Horn. II. viii. 185.) [L. S.]

LAMUS (Actjttos1), a son of Poseidon, was king of the Laestrygones. (Horn. Od. x. 81 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1649 ; Horat. Carm. iii. 17, 1 ; comp. lamius.) [L. S.]

LAMYNTHIUS (Aapfoetos), of Miletus, a Greek poet of uncertain age, who celebrated in a lyric poem the praises of his mistress Lyde. (Athen. xiii. p. 597, a.)

LANASSA (A&/a<r<ra), daughter of Agathocles, tyrant of Syracuse, was married to Pyrrhus, king of Epeirus, to whom she brought as her dower the important island of Corcyra, which had been lately acquired by Agathocles. She became the mother of two sons, Alexander, the successor of Pyrrhus, and Helenus ; but, indignant at finding herself neglected by her husband for his other two wives, who were both of barbarian origin [pyrrhus], she withdrew to Corcyra, and sent to Demetrius, king of Macedonia, to offer him at once her hand and the possession of the island. Demetrius accepted her proposal, and sailing to Corcyra, celebrated his nuptials with her, left a garrison in the island, and returned to Macedonia. This was shortly before

LANATUS.

the war that terminated in his final overthrow^ probably in 288 b. c. (Plut. Pyrrh. 9, 10 ; Diod. Etxc. Hoesch. xxi. p. 490, xxii. p. 496 ; Justin. xxiii. 3.) [E. H. B.] LANA'TUS, the name of a family of the Men-

7 »/

enia gens, which was of great distinction in the earliest ages of the republic. Livy (ii, 32), speak­ing of Agrippa Menenius Lanatus [see below, No. 1], says that he was sprung from the plebs ; but as this Agrippa had been consul, and this dignity was not yet open to the plebeians, it is certain that he must have been a patrician ; and, consequently, if the statement of Livy is correct, the Lanati must have been made patricians, probably during the reign of one of the later Roman kings.

1. agrippa menenius C. p. lanatus, consul, b. c. 503, with P. Postumius Tubertus, conquered the Sabines and obtained the honour of a triumph on account of his victory. In the struggles between the patricians and plebeians he is represented as a man of moderate views, who had the good fortune, rarely to be found in civil strifes, of being beloved and trusted by both parties. It was owing to his mediation that the first great rupture between the patricians and plebeians, when the latter seceded to the Sacred Mount, was brought to a happy and peace­ful termination in B. c. 493 j and it was upon this occasion he is said to have related to the plebeians his well-known fable of the belly and its members. He died at the latter end of this year, and as he did not leave sufficient property for defraying the ex-pences of any but a most ordinary funeral, he was buried at the public expence in a most splendid manner: the plebeians had made voluntary con­tributions for the purpose, which were given to the children of Lanatus, after the senate had insisted that the expences of the funeral should be paid from the treasury. (Liv; ii. 16, 32, 33 ; Dionys. v. 44—47, vi. 49—89, 96 ; Zonar. vii. 13,14.)

2. T. menenius agrippae f. C. n. L an at us j son of the preceding, was consul in b. c. 477 with C. Horatius Pulvillus. It was during this year that the Fabii were cut off by the Etruscans at Cremera, and T. Lanatus, who was encamped only a short way off at the time, allowed them to be destroyed in accordance with the wishes of the ruling party in the senate. He paid, however* dearly for this act of treachery. The Etruscans flushed with victory defeated his ami}', and took possession of the Janiculus : and in the following year the tribunes brought him to trial for having neglected to assist the Fabii. As they did not wish for the blood of the son of their great bene­factor, the punishment was to be only a fine of 2000 asses. Lanatus was condemned ; and he took his punishment so much to heart, that he shut himself up in his house and died of grief. (Liv. ii. 51, 52 ; Dionys. ix. 18—27 ; Diod. xi. 53; Gell. xvii. 21.)

3. T. menenius agrippae f. agrippae n. lanatus, called by Livy Titus, and by Dionysius Lucms, but by the other authorities Titus, was consul with P. Sestius Capitolinus Vaticanus, b. c. 452, the year before the first decemvirate. (Liv. iii. 32 ; Dionys. x. 54 ; Diod. xii. 22.) It appears from Festus (s. v. peeulatus) that the consuls of this year had something to do with the lex Aternia Tarpeia, which had been passed two years pre­viously, but the passage in Festus, as it stands at present, is not intelligible.

4. L. menenius T. f. agrippae n. lanatus,

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