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On this page: Julia Domna – Julia Drusilla – Julia Gens – Julia Procilla

642

JULIA.

with the exception of denarii^ struck by the mo-neyers of Augustus, bearing on the obverse a bare head of Augustus, and on the reverse a garlanded head of Julia, having the heads of C. and L. Caesar on either side. The annexed is a Greek coin, having on the obverse the head of. Julia, and on the reverse that of Pallas.

COIN OP JULIA, DAUGHTER OP AUGUSTUS.

7. Daughter of the preceding, and wife of L. Aemilius Paullus, by whom she had M. Aemilius Lepidus (Dion Cass. lix. 11 ; Suet. Calig. 24) and Aemilia, first wife of the ,emperor Claudius. (Suet. Claud. 26.) Less celebrated than her mother, Julia inherited her vices and misfortunes. For adulterous intercourse with D. Silanus (Tac. Ann. iii. 24), she was banished by her grandfather Au­gustus to the little island Tremerus, on the coast of Apulia, A. D. 9, where she survived twenty years, dependent on the ostentatious bounty of the empress Livia. A child, born after her disgrace, was, by order of Augustus, exposed as spurious. Julia died in a. d. 28, and was buried in her place of exile, since, like her mother's, her ashes were interdicted the mausoleum of Augustus. (Tac. Ann. iv. 71; Suet. Aug. 64, 65, 101; Schol. in Juv. Sat. vi. 158.) It was probably this Julia whom Ovid celebrated as Corinna in his elegies and other erotic poems.

8. The youngest child of Germanicus and Agrip-pina, was born in a. D. 18. (Tac. Ann. ii. 54.) She married M. Vinicius in 33. (Id. 16, vi. 15 ; Dion Cass. Iviii. 21.) Her brother Caligula, who was believed to have had an incestuous inter­course with her, banished her in a. d. 37. (Dion Cass. lix. 3 ; Suet. CaL 24, 29.) She was re­called by Claudius. (Dion Cass. Ix. 4 ; Suet. Col. 59.) He afterwards put her to death at Messa-Hna's instigation, who envied the beauty, dreaded the influence, and resented the haughtiness of Julia. (Dion Cass. Ix. 8 ; Suet. Claud. 29 ; Zonar. xi. 8 ; Sen. de Mort. Claud.) The charge brought against her was adultery, and Seneca, the philo­sopher, was banished to Corsica as the partner of her guilt (Dion Cass. L c.). She is sometimes called Li villa, and Livia (Suet. CaL 7, Oudendorp's note ad loc.). Josephus (Antiq. xix. 4. § 3) makes Julia to have married M. Minucianus.

9. Daughter of Drusus [Duusus caesar, No. 16] and Livia, the sister of Germanicus. She married, a. d. 20, her first cousin, Nero, son of Germanicus and Agrippina (Tac. Ann. iii. 29; Dion Cass. Iviii. 21), and was one of the many spies with whom her mother and Sejanus sur­rounded that unhappy prince. (Tac. Ann. iv. 60.) After Nero's death Julia married Rubellius Blan-dus, by whom she had a son, Rubellius Plautus. (Tac. Ann. ri. 27, 45, xvi. 10 ; Juv. Sat. viii. 40.) [bland us.] As Blandus was merely the grand­son of a Roman eques of Tibur, the marriage was

JULIA GENS.

considered degrading to Julia. She too, like the preceding, incurred the hatred of Messalina, and, at her instigation, was put to death by Claudius, A. d. 59. (Tac. Ann. xiii. 43 ; Dion Cass. Ix. 18 ; Suet. Claud. 29 ; Sen. de Mort. Claud.)

10. A daughter of Titus, the son of Vespasian, by Furnilla. She married Flavius Sabinus, a ne­phew of the emperor Vespasian. Julia died of abortion, caused by her uncle Domitian, with whom she lived in criminal intercourse. She was interred in the temple of the Flavian Gens, and Domitian's ashes were subsequently placed with hers by their common nurse, Phyllis. (Suet. Dom. 17, 22 ; Dion Cass. Ixvii. 3 ; Plin. Ep. iv. 11. § 6 ; Juv. Sat. ii. 32 ; Philost. Vit. Apoll. Tyan. vii. 3.)

Several coins of Julia are extant: she is repre­ sented on the obverse of the one annexed with the legend ivlia avgvsta titi avgvsti p. ; the re­ verse represents Venus leaning on a column, with the legend vbnvs avgvst. [W. B. D.J

COIN OP JULIA, DAUGHTER OF TITUS.

JULIA DOMNA [domna julia].

JULIA DRUSILLA [drusilla, No. 3].

JULIA PROCILLA [procilla julia].

JULIA GENS, one of the most ancient pa­trician gentes at Rome, the members of which attained the highest dignities of the state in the earliest times of the republic. It was without doubt of Alban origin, .and it is mentioned as one of the leading Alban houses, which Tullus Hostilius removed to Rome upon the destruction of Alba Longa, and enrolled among the Roman patres. (Dionys. iii. 29 ; Tac. Ann. xi. 24 ; in Liv. i. 30, the reading should probably be Tuttios, and not Julios.) The Julii also existed at an early period at Bovillae, as -we learn from a very ancient in­scription on an altar in the theatre of that town, which speaks of their offering sacrifices according to Alban rites—lege Albana (Niebuhr, Rom. Hist. vol. i. note 1240, vol. ii. note 421), and their con­nection with Bovillae is also implied by the chapel (sacrarium) which the emperor Tiberius dedicated to the Gens Julia in the town, and in which he placed the statue of Augustus. (Tac. Ann. ii. 41.) It is not impossible that some of the Julii may have settled at Bovillae after the fall of Alba.

As it became the fashion in the later times of the republic to claim a divine origin for the most distinguished of the Roman gentes, it was con­tended that lulus, the mythical ancestor of the race, was the same as Ascanius, the son of Venus and Anchises, and that he was the founder of Alba Longa. In order to prove-the identity of Ascanius and lulus, recourse was had to etymology, some specimens of which the reader curious in such matters will find in Servius (ad Virg. Aen. i. 267; comp. Liv. i. 3). The dictator Caesar frequently alluded to the divine origin of his race, as, for in­stance, in the funeral oration which he pronounced when quaestor" over his au-nt Julia (Suet. Caes. 6), and in giving " Venus Genetrix" as the word to his soldiers at the battles of Pharsalus and Munda, and subsequent writers. and poets were ready

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