The Ancient Library

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St. Jerome (Praef. ad Lib. XL Oomm. ad Esaiam) speaks of a work of one Jbsephus on Da­niel's vision of the seventy weeks; but whether he is referring to the subject of the present article is doubtful.

At the end of his Archaeologia, Josephus mentions his intention of writing a work in four books on the Jewish notions of God and his essence, and on the rationale of the Mosaic laws. It is uncertain whether he ever accomplished this. At any rate, it has not come down to us. He promises also in the same place a life of himself (which has been noticed above), and a revision of his history of the Jewish war. (See Whiston's note, Ant. ad fin.; Fabr. Bill. Graec. vol. v. p. 9.)

Josephus first appeared in print in a Latin translation, with no notice of the place or date of publication: the edition seems to have contained only a portion of the Antiquities. These, with the seven books of the Jewish war, were agaiu printed by Schiisler, Augsb. 1470, jn Latin ; and there were many editions in the same language of the .whole works, and of portions of them, before the editio princeps of the Greek text appeared at Baoel, 1544, edited by Arlenius. Another edition of the works, in Greek and Latin, was published by De la Keviere, Aur. Allob. 1591, and reprinted at Geneva in 1611, and again, very badly, in 1635. The edition of Ittigius was printed by Weidmann, Leipzig, 1691, with Aristeas's history of the Sep-tuagint annexed to it. The treatise on the Mac­cabees was edited, with a Latin translation, by Combefis, in his Audtarium Bibl. Pair., Paris, ] 672, and by Lloyd, Oxford, 1690. The invaluable but posthumous edition by Hudson of the whole works, in Greek and Latin, came out at Oxford in 1720. The Latin version was new ; the text was founded on a most careful and extensive collation of MSS., and the edition was further enriched by notes and indices. Havercamp's edition, Amst. 1726, is more convenient for the reader than cre­ditable to the editor. That of OberthUr, in 3 vols. 8vo., Leipzig, 1782—1785, contains only the Greek text, most carefully edited, and the edition remains unfortunately incomplete. Another was edited by Richter, Leipzig, 1826, as part of a Bib-liotheca Patrum ; and one by Dindorf has recently appeared at Paris, 1845.

. There have been numerous translations of Jo­ sephus into different languages. The principal English versions are those of Lodge, Lond. 1602?; one from the French of D'Andilly, Oxford, 1676, reprinted at London 1683; that of L'Estrange, Lond. 1702 ; and that of Whiston, Lond. 1737. The two last-mentioned versions have been fre­ quently reprinted in various shapes. [E. E.] JOSE'PHUS, TENE'DIUS. Though this name occurs in the modern catalogues of Graeco- Roman jurists, the existence of such a jurist may well be doubted. He is mentioned by Ant. Au- gustinus (in the commencement of his Constitu- tionum Graecarum Collectio,8vo. Ilerdae, 1567) as a person to whom had been attributed the author­ ship of a Hp6x*ipov BacnAi/«wj> Kara (TToix*iov9 " Prochiron incerti, ordine literarura, sive Josephi Tenedii." By this title, Suarez (Notit. Basil. § 8), P. Pithou (Observ. ad Codicem, fol., Par., 1687, p. 43), and Francois Payeh (Prodrome Justini- anus, ]>. 53$), understand Augustinus to designate the Synopsis Basilicorum Major; and accordingly P. Pithou and F. Payeii make Josephus Tenedius


the authbi* of that work. This alphabetic Synopsis appears to have been first compiled about a. d. 969, and to have undergone considerable altera­tions in successive editions, which are extant in manuscript in various libraries. (Zachariae, Hist. Jur. Gr. Rom. Delin. § 39.) A wretchedly muti­lated edition, with a Latin translation (fol. Basil. 1575), was published by Leunclavius, who departs from the alphabetic order of the original, in an ill-considered attempt to re-arrange the materials it contains, according to the order of the Basilica. C. Labbaeus afterwards published Emendationes et Observations ad Synopsim Basilicorum^ 8vo. Paris, 1606.

The work which Ant. Augustinus really referred to, as probably composed by Josephus of Tenedos, was the T<) piKpdv Karat crrotx^oy (as it is called by Harmenopulus, § 49) or Synopsis Minor Basili-corum, which some have attributed to Docimus or Docimius [docimus]. It is from this work that the extracts are borrowed, which Augustinus, in his Paratitla on the Greek Constitutions, speaks of as taken from Tenedius.

What reason the very learned Augustinus may have had for attributing to Josephus Tenedius the authorship of the Synopsis Minor is now altogether unknown. Josephus Tenedius is inserted in the index of authors (p* 65) contained in the Glos- sarium ad Scriptores Mediae et Infcmae Graecitatis of Ducange, where he is classed among anony­ mous Greek authors. (Zachariae, At 'Poirai, p. 63; Mortreueil, Histoire du Droit Byzantin, pp. 450, 451.) [J. T. G.J

IOTAPE ('lewTcUr?). 1. A daughter of Arta-vasdes, king of Media, was married to Alexander, the son of Antony, the triumvir, after the Arme­nian campaign in b. c. 34. Antony gave to Arta-vasdes the part of Armenia which he had con­quered. [artavasdes, p. 370, b.] After the battle of Actium lotape was restored to her father by Octavianus. (Dion Gass. xlix. 40, 44, 1. 16.)

2. Wife of Antiochus IV., King of Commagene, [antiochus, p. 194.] In the annexed coin she is called BA2IAI22A mTAIIH 4>IAAAEA*O2: from the latter epithet we may infer that she was the sister as well as wife of Antiochus, of which we find few examples among the Greek kings of Syria, though the practice was very common among those of Egypt. lotape had a daughter of the same name, who was marrried to Alexander of the race of Herod. The reverse of the coin is the one which we commonly find on the coins of the kings of Commagene. [See vol. I. p. 194, b.J (Eckhel, vol. iii. pp. 257, 258.)


lOTAPIA'NUS. We are told by Zosimus that a rebellion having broken out in Syria, in consequence of the intolerable oppression of Pris-cus, who had been appointed governor of the East by his brother, the emperor Philip, the purple was assumed by a certain lotapianus, who claimed de

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