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On this page: Idomeneus – Idothea – Idrieus – Idyia – Ignatius – Jerom

IDOMENEUS,

the Greek heroes were waiting at Atilis, Cretan ambassadors came to Agamemnon to announce that Idomeneus would join him with one hundred Cretan ships, if Agamemnon would share the supreme command with him. After the fall of Troy, Ido­ meneus returned home in safety (Horn. Od. iii, 1,91 ; Diod. v. 79), though the post-Homeric tradi­ tions inform us that once in a storm he vowed to Poseidon to sacrifice to him whatever he should meet first on his landing, if the god would grant him a safe return. The first person he met on landing was his own son. He accordingly sacrificed his son ; and as Crete was thereupon visited by a plague, the Cretans expelled Idomeneus. He went to Italy, where he settled in Calabria, and built a temple to Athena. From thence he is said to have again migrated to Colophon, on the coast of Asia, to have settled near the temple of the Clarian Apollo, and to .have been buried on Mount Cerca- phus. (Serv. ad Aen. iii. 121, 401, 531, xi. 264; Strab. x. p. 479; Schol. ad Horn. Od. xiii. 259.) At Qlympia his statue, the work of Onatas, stood among the images of those who drew lots as to who was to fight with Hector, and on his shield a cock was represented. (Paus. v. 25. § 5; comp. Horn. H. vii. 161, &c.) His tomb was shown at Cnosus, where he and Meriones were worshipped as heroes. (Diod. v. 79.) Another personage of the name of Idomeneus is mentioned among the sons of Priam. (Apollod. iii. 12. § 5.) [L. S.]

IDOMENEUS ('iSo/AeveiJs), of Lampsacus, a friend and disciple of Epicurus, flourished about B. c. 310—270. We have no particulars of his life, save that he married Batis, the sister of JSan-des, who was also a native of Lampsacus, and ^a, pupil of Epicurus. (Diog. Lae'rt. x. 23, 25 ; Strab. xiii. p. 589 ; Athen. vii. p. 279. f.) Idomeneus wrote a considerable number of philosophical and historical works, and though the latter were not regarded as of very great authority (Pint. Dem. 23), still they must have been of considerable value, as they seem to have been chiefly devoted to an account of the private life of the distinguished men of Greece.

The titles of the following works of Idomeneus are mentioned: 1. 'la-ropta r&v Kara ^a^oBpi}-Kr)i>. (Suid. s. v.) This work is probably the one referred to by the Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius (i. 916), where for Tpwi/ccS, we should read 2a.fJi.o-OpaKwa. 2. Tl€pl r$v 2(aKpariK&v. (Diog. Lae'rt. ii. 19,20; Athen, xiii. p. 611, d.)

We do not know for certain the title of the work or works of Idomeneus, which contained some account of the folio wing persons :—of the Peisistra-tidae (Athen. xii. p,532, f.), of Themistocles (Athen. xii. p. 533, d., xiii. p. 576, c. ; comp. Schol. ad Aristoph. Vesp. 941, where Themistocles appears to be meant, and not Thucydides, the son of Milesius, as the Scholiast says), of Aristeides(Plut. Arist. 10), of Pericles (Plut. PericL 10, 35), of Demosthenes (Plut. Dem. 15, 23; Athen. xiii. p. 592, f.), of Aeschmes(Apollon. Vit. Aesch. p. 247, ed. Bekker), of Hyperides (Athen. xiii. p. 590, d.), and'of Phocion (Plut. Pkoc. 4). It is not improbable that all these persons were mentioned in one work, to which modern writers have assigned various conjectural titles. lonsius (Hist. Script. Philos. ii. 1. p. 118) conjectured that it was entitled Hepl fvU£ow dvSpw, Heeren (De Font. Vit. Plut. p. 93) that it was a Greek history, and Luzac (Led. Att. p. 113) that it was styled Ilepi -rip twj> e

563

IGNATIUS.

rpv(j>7js9 while Sintenis (ad Plut. PericL p. 313, &c.) labours to show that all the passages quoted above are taken from the ^ooKpariKd, The true title of the work is, however*, in all probability restored by a happy emendation of Sauppe (Rhein-iscfies Museum, p. 450, for 1843), who, in place of the corrupt passage in Bekker's Anecdota (p. 249, 27), 6s le 'ISojUe^s (priori 8rifJLaya>y6vt reads cos d& 'Wo(Ji€vevs <$>i}ffi trepl SriiJLaywy&v. The title Trepl Sr]fj.aycoywv agrees also much better with all the above-mentioned passages than any of the other titles which have been proposed. (Sintenis, Fifth Excursus to Plutarch's Pericles; Vossius, De Histor. Graec. p. 105, ed. Westermann j Clinton, Fast. Hell. vol. iii. p. 488.)

IDOTHEA. [EipoTHEA.]

IDRIEUS or HI'DRIEUS ('Io>6ik, Diod.; 'IdpKvs, Strab. Arr.), king or dynast of Caria, He was the second son of Hecatomnus, and succeeded to the throne on the death of Artemisia, the widow of his brother Maussolus, in B. c. 351. Shortly after his accession he was required by the Persian king, Artaxerxes Ochus, to fit out an armament for the reduction of Cyprus, a request with which he readily complied; and haying equipped a fleet of 40 triremes, and assembled an army of 8000 mer­cenary troops, despatched them against Cyprus, under the command of Evagoras and the Athenian general Phocion. This is the only event of his reign which is recorded to us; but we may infer, from an expression of Isocrates, in b. c. 346 (Phi-lipp. p. 102, e), that the friendly relations between him and the Persian king did not long continue: they appear to have come even to an open rupture. But the hostility of Persia did not interfere with ^prosperity, for he is spoken of by Isocrates in the same passage as one of the most wealthy and powerful of the princes of Asia; and Demosthenes tells us (de Pace, p. 63) that he had added to his hereditary dominions the important islands of Chios, Cos, and Rhodes. He died of disease in b. c. 344, after a reign of seven years, leaving the sovereign power, by his will, to his sister Ada, to whom, according to the eastern custom, he had been married. (Diod. xvi. 42, 45, 69; Strab. xiv. p. 656 ; Arr. Anal. I 23. § 8—10.) [E.H.B.J

COIN OF IDRIEUS.

IDYIA or EIDYIA ('iSvTa), that is, the know­ ing goddess, a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, and the wife of the Colchian king Aeetes. (Hes. Theog. 352 ; Apollon. Rhod. iii. 243 ; Hygin. Fab. 25 ; Eustath. ad Horn. p. 1193.) [L.S.]

JEROM. [HlERONYMUS.]

IGNATIUS Clyvdnos). 1. Of antioch, one of the Apostolical Fathers; called also theo-phorus, orDEiPER(d ©6o</><fpos), a title explained by Ignatius himself in his conversation with the emperor Trajan to mean " one that has Christ in his heart." Some of the Greeks, interpreting the epithet passively " borne or carried of God," sup-

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