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On this page: Hippys – Hirpinus

406

HIRTIUS.

name. (Horn. II. xxiy. 251 ; Diod. iv. 33 ; Apol- lod. ii. 1. § 5 ; iii. 10. § 5.) [L. S.]

HIPPYS ("Imrvs or "lirvs) of Rhegium, a Greek historian, who lived in the time of the Per­sian wars, and wrote a work on Sicily (t&s 2t/ee-\tKcis Trpd^ets) in five books, which was epitomised by Myes. He also wrote Krlcrw 'IraAtay, no doubt an account of the early mythical history of Italy, like the works which the Romans called Origines; Xpovucd in five books ; and, if the text of Suidas is correct (Apyo\oyiK£>v 7'), a miscellaneous work, the fruit of leisure hours, in three books: but few 1 critics will hesitate to accept the conjectural emen­dation of Gyraldus, 'ApyofaKuv. (Suid. s. v.) There can be no doubt that the remainder of the article in Suidas (ofiros irpwros eypafye iraptf^iav teal x(t>^afJLG°v K(d aM«) is misplaced from his article 'Iirirtoval-. [HiPPONAX.] Hippys is quoted by Aelian (N. A. ix. 33), by Stephanus Byzan-tinus (s. v. *ApKas)9 who says that Hippys first called the Arcadians irpoffeXtfvovs; by Plutarch (de Defect. Orac. 23, p. 422); by the Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius (iv. 262), and, with a corrup­tion of the name into 'iTnrias and 'iTrTreife, by Athenaeus (i. p. 31, b.); by a Scholiast on Euri­pides (Med. 9) ; and by Zenobius (Prov. iii. 42). Perhaps too one passage (Antig. Hist, Mir. 133), in which the name of Hippon of Rhegium occurs, may really refer to Hippys. (Vossius, de Hist. Grace, pp. 19, 20, ed. Westermann.) [P. S.]

HIRPINUS, QUI NCTIUS, a friend of Ho­race, who, according to the received titles of his poems, addressed to him an ode (Carm. ii. 11), and an epistle (Epp. i. 16). In the former of these compositions he admonishes Hirpinus to relax from public cares, in the latter, if it relate to Hirpinus at all, to prefer solid to specious virtue. [W.B.D.] HI'RRIUS, C., son perhaps of———— Hirrius, praetor in b. c. 88, was remembered as the first private person who had sea-water stock-ponds for lampreys. He was so proud of these fish that he would not sell them at any price, but sent some thousands of them to Caesar for his triumphal banquets in b. c. 46-45. Hirrius expended the rent of his houses, amounting to 12,000,000 ses­terces, in bait for his lampreys, and sold one farm which was well stocked with them for 400,000 sesterces. (Varr. R. R. ii. 5, iii. 17 ; Plin. H. N. ix. 55.) He is perhaps the same person with C. Hirrius Postumius, mentioned among other volup­tuaries by Cicero (de Fin. ii. 22. § 70). [W. B. D.] A. HI'RTIUS, a. p., belonged to a plebeian fa­mily, which came probably from Ferentinum in the territory of the Hernici. (Orelli, Inscr. n. 589.) He was throughout life the personal and political friend of Caesar the dictator (Cic. Phil. xiii. 11), but his name would scarcely have rescued the Hirtia gens from obscurity, had not his death marked a crisis in the history of the republic. In b. c. 58 he was Caesar's legatus in Gaul (Cic. ad Fam. xvi. 27), but was more frequently employed as a negotiator than as a soldier. In December b. c. 50, he was despatched' with a commission to L. Balbus at Rome, and as he arrived and departed at night, his errand, as a known emissary of Caesar, caused much speculation and alarm, especially to Cn. Pompey. (Cic. ad AtL.vn. 4.) Hirtius returned from Gaul on the breaking out of the civil war in B. c. 49, and was at Rome in April after Pompey's expulsion from Italy, at which time he obtained for the younger Q. Cicero an audience with Caesar

HIRTIUS.

(ad Att. x. 4. $ 5, 11). Whether he accompanied his patron to the Spanish war in the same year, or remained with Oppius, Balbus, and other Caesa-rians to watch over his interests in the capital, is unknown. Whether Hirtius were one of the ten praetors nominated by Caesar for b. c. 46 (Dion Cass. xlii. 51), and one of the ex-praetors who re­ceived consular ornaments (Suet. Caes. 76), is equally uncertain. The grounds for supposing him to have been praetor,—the inscription A. hirtius pr. on a coin (Eckhel, vol. v. p. 224),—apply equally to a prefecture of the city, and as Caesar, during his frequent absences from Rome, appointed many delegates, Hirtius was probably one of the number. Either as praetor or city-prefect, he may have been the author of the Lex Hirtia, for ex­cluding the Pompeians from the magistracies. (Cic. Phil. xiii. 16.) In b.c. 47, after the close of the Alexandrian war, Hirtius met Caesar at Antioch, and exerted himself in behalf of the elder Q. Cicero. (Cic. ad Att. xi. 20.) In the following year he was present at the games at Praeneste, and during Caesar's absence in Africa lived princi­pally at his Tusculan estate, which was contiguous to Cicero's villa. (Ad Att. xii. 2.) Though politi­cally opposed, they were on friendly terms. Cicero gave Hirtius lessons in oratory, and Hirtius, in return, imparted to the orator, or to the orator's cook, some of the mysteries of the table. (Cic. ad Fam. vii. 33, ix. 6, xvi. 18 ; Suet, de Clar. Rhet. 1.) Hirtius corresponded with Caesar during the African war (Cic. ad Fam. ix. 6), and left his Tus­culan villa to meet him on his return to Italy (Id. Ib. 18), and accompanied him to Rome. He did not attend the dictator to the second Spanish war, b. c. 45, but followed him to Narbonne, whence in a letter dated April 18, he announced to Cicero the defeat of the Pompeians (ad Att. xii. 37). From Narbo, where Caesar joined him, Hirtius sent to Cicero his reply to the orator's panegyric of Cato, which was probably composed at Caesar's request, and was a prelude to his own more celebrated treatise "Anti-Cato." (Id. ad Att. xii. 40. § ], 41. § 4.) Hirtius disputed his commendations of Cato, but wrote in flattering terms of Cicero him­self (comp. ad Att. xiii. 21), who accordingly took care to circulate freely the treatise of Hirtius. (Ad Att. xii. 44, 45, 47.) At the same time Hirtius appears to have renewed his efforts to reconcile Q. Cicero with his son, and to have softened Caesar's displeasure with the father. (Ad Att. xiii. 37. 40.) In B. c. 44 Hirtius received Belgic Gaul for his province, but he governed it by deputy (ad Att. xiv. 9), and attended Caesar at Rome, who nominated him and Vibius Pansa, his colleague in the augurate, consuls for b. c. 43. (Id. ad Fam. xii. 25, Phil. vii. 4.) His long residence in the capital had made Hirtius better acquainted with the general feeling and state of parties than Caesar himself, and he joined the other leading Caesarians in counselling the dictator not to dismiss his guards (Veil. Pat. ii. 57 ; - Plut. Caes. 57 ; comp. Suet. Caes. 86 ; Dion Cass. xliv. 7 ; App. B. C. ii. 107 ; Cic. ad Att. xiv. 22.) Their advice was neglected, and Hirtius, deprived of his con­stant patron and friend, was, by his nomination to the consulship, brought into the centre and front of political convulsion, without strictly belong­ing to any one of its component parties. As a Caesarian, he was opposed to Cicero arid the senate ; as a friend of the murdered dictator, to

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